Free Settler or Felon
Convict and Colonial History

Colonial Events Index

Arrival of the First Fleet to Botany Bay; removal to Port Jackson; colony of NSW formally proclaimed

Marines executed; outbreak of small pox; James Ruse's farm; return of the Sirius with supplies for the colony; wreck of the convict ship Guardian

Sirius wrecked off Norfolk Island; first salt made at Dawe's Battery; arrival of the Second Fleet; Governor Phillip speared by Willemering.

Escape from the colony of William and Mary Bryant; first land grant in Australia; arrival of the Third Fleet; commencement of whale fishery

Arrival of convict ships Pitt, Royal Admiral and Kitty. Return to England of Governor Phillip and the NSW Marine Corp

Arrival of convict ships Bellona and Sugar Cane; the vessel Francis launched in Sydney; John Macarthur granted 100 acres


Arrival of convict ships William and Surprize. Attempt by Henry Hacking to cross the Blue Mountains

Port Stephens surveyed by Charles Grimes; arrival in the colony of Governor Hunter; expeditions by Matthew Flinders and George Bass in the Tom Thumb

Escape of Thomas Muir on the Americal ship Otter; bushranger Black Caesar shot and killed; arrival of convict ships Marquis Cornwallis and Indispensable

Wreck of the Sydney Cove; arrival of the convict ships Britannia and Ganges; mutiny on the Lady Shore; Lieutenant John Shortland entered and named the Hunter River; departure of George Bass to explore the south coast.

Wilson's Promontory sighted by George Bass; arrival of convict ships Barwell and Britannia

Circumnavigaton of VDL completed by Bass and Flinders; arrival of convict ship Hillsborough

Arrival of convict ships Minerva, Speedy, Friendship, Porpoise and Royal Admiral; entrance to Lake Macquarie discovered. Irish conspiracy uncovered; arrival of James Grant on the Lady Nelson

Arrival of convict ships Anne, Earl Cornwallis, Canada, Minorca and Nile. Expedition to Hunter (Coal) River. Settlement established at Coal River (Newcastle)

Attempt by George Caley to cross the Blue Mountains; Matthew Flinders encounter with Nicholas Baudin at Encounter Bay. Attempt by Francis Barrallier to cross the Blue Mountains; government settlement at Newcastle closed.

Exploration of the site of Melbourne by Charles Grimes; Disappearance of George Bass; Cato and Porpoise wrecked

Stone bridge built over the Tank Stream; government brewery at Parramatta; uprising of convicts at Castle Hill; Newcastle re-opened as a penal settlement

Launch of the Governor Hunter; Lieut. Menzies resigned from position at Newcastle; loss of the Francis off Newcastle

Catastrophic flooding at the Hawkesbury; arrival of William Bligh on the Lady Madeline.

Report by Governor Bligh re the public buildings in Sydney; departure of Phillip Gidley King for England; John Tucker appointed storekeeper at Newcastle

John Macarthur charged with sedition; Governor Bligh arrested

William Lawson commandant at Newcastle; first post office in the colony established

Lachlan Macquarie took up his appointment as Governor of NSW; Lieut. John Purcell appointed Commandant at Newcastle; death of Lieut-Governor Collins in VDL

William Evans appointed surgeon at Newcastle; James Hardy Vaux to Newcastle; Lieut. Skottowe appointed Commandant at Newcastle; building of Sydney Hospital commenced

Governor Macquarie visited Newcastle; Simeon Lord established a glass blowing shop; publication of select committee report into transportation

Gregory Blaxland, William Lawson and William Charles Wentworth crossed the Blue Mountains opening up the interior of NSW for European settlement. John Macarthur sent the first wool exports to England. Holey dollar and dump became legal tender

In 1814 the penal settlement at Norfolk Island was closed and Newcastle became the main repository for second time offenders; Arrival in the colony of 46th Regiment under command of Lieutenant - Colonel Molle

Road westwards across the Blue Mountains completed under the superintendence of Lieut. William Cox; Government Notice - Permission from authorities needed to land at Newcastle

Over 14,000 convicts transported to Colony by the end of the year; Survey of the Mouth of the Hunter River by Lieut. Charles Jeffreys

Bank of New South Wales opened for business in Macquarie Place Sydney ; Expedition by John Oxley westward from Bathurst to explore inland plains.

Orphan Institution for boys established in Sydney ; Government men to load boats with coal at Newcastle

Arrival of Settler John Bingle. Departure from the colony of Commissioner John Thomas Bigge

Discovery of gold at Fish River near Bathurst by surveyor James McBrien
Arrival of more settlers in the Hunter Valley

Australian Agricultural Co. formed in London; settlement at Moreton Bay

Newcastle Wharf completed; departure of Allan Cunningham on expedition

Holey dollar withdrawn from circulation; Westerport settlement abandoned