Signing of first
land grant in Australia. (Parramatta)
a convict whose sentence had expired and who had recently married (to
Elizabeth Perrey on 5th September 1790), was granted 30 acres on 30th March
1791. HRA Return of Lands Granted dated 5 November 1791 records
that there was already 8 acres, 2 roods of land under cultivation. Prior to
the Grant, Ruse was allowed 1 acre and a hut by Governor Phillip in November
1789 in order to establish the time it would take a man to cultivate
sufficient quantity of ground to support himself
(HRA, Series 1, Vol. 1., 1788 - 1796 p. 183)
The 30 acre
grant was sold to surgeon John Harris in 1793.
The greater part of the
live stock having been killed in 1790, the colony was distressed for
provisions. a laying hen sold for 20 shillings; pork a shilling a pound and
a roasting pig sold for 10 shillings.
First Ship of the Third Fleet. The Mary Anntransport
departed England on 16 February 1791 and arrived at Sydney Cove
on 9 July 1791 with 141 female convicts
and six children, almost all in good health. She brought stores and nine months
provisions for the women. The convicts were
landed on 11th July 1791
had been only four months and sixteen days from England; and had touched at
the island of St. Jago, where she remained ten days.
12 prisoners settled
between Prospect Hill and the Ponds on the Hawkesbury Road
Arrival in Sydney
of remainder of the Ships of the Third Fleet -
arriving on the Matilda Daniel Phillips who accompanied John Howe on
his expedition of discovery in 1819. A total of 205 male convicts were
brought out on the Matilda. 24 prisoners died on the passage out. An
ensign with twenty privates were on board the Matilda
Mary Anne received the Matilda's
cargo with 99 male convicts, and sailed for Norfolk Island having on board
133 male convicts, one female convict and two children.
Anchored at Sydney Cove about midday.
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Arrival of the
Salamanderwith 12 privates of the NSW Corps and 154 male convicts
and stores and provisions. Most of the convicts were in a weak emaciated
state, and complained that proper attention had not been paid to them.
of theWilliam and Ann
privates and one sergeant and a corporal of the NSW Corps formed the guard.
Master of the
William and Ann was an American
Captain - Eber Bunker.
Captain Bunker on the
William and Ann and Thomas Melville on the Britannia were two of
the first men who embarked on whaling voyages in 1791 ...Captain Tench's Account of the Colony in The British Critic
The Salamander sailed for
Norfolk Island with 160 male convicts, stores, provisions, two non-commissioned officers and 11 privates
Arrival of the Gorgon
under Captain John Parker,
with His Majesty's Authority for granting Pardons Absolutely or
Conditionally. Governor King arrived as passenger on the Gorgon. As soon
as she anchored he went on shore to deliver government dispatches to
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pickpocket George Barrington arrived on the Active.
First Irish convicts arrive on
the Queen. Provisions and 126 male convicts and 21 female convicts.
The Queen and the Active brought a part of the Guardian's cargo and
detachments from the New South Wales corps.
Built in France- with a tonnage of 530. 250 male and six female convicts landed between 13th and
17th October, soldiers landed 21st October, Stores & Provisions landed 26th
October. 23 soldiers with one woman, one free woman a convict's wife and one
convicts, during the passage, attempted to seize the ship.
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Duel fought between Major Robert Ross of the
Marines and Captain William Hill
Gorgon cleared the Heads with a fair wind on her return voyage to England with the main
body of the First Fleet Marines. Those who departed on the Gorgon included
Sergeant James Scott and his wife and children; Major Robert Ross; Ralph
Clark; Watkin Tench; William Dawes.