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Search the Free Settler or Felon? database from the box below to find references to Convicts, Settlers, Townsfolk, Bushrangers, Aborigines, Innkeepers, Soldiers, Land Owners, Medical Practitioners and Magistrates who resided in Newcastle and the Hunter Valley in the 19th Century.  Search by First Name, Last Name, Ship or all three. Or select from the links below to find out more about Colonial History, Hunter Valley Settlers, Convicts, Newcastle History and Law & Order.

Information about the voyages of approximately 400 convict ships and the Surgeons who accompanied them can be accessed via the Convict Ships Index and Convict Ship Surgeons Index








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Account of the Voyage of the Buffalo returning to England with former Governor John Hunter in 1800. Also on board the Buffalo was a platypus, a waratah and stones from the Coal River (Hunter River).

Adamstown - A brief history - School principals 1877 - 1974 - school photographs - Methodist Primitive church - Ellis Cup winners - Rosebuds
A List of Newcastle residents in 1841 - Population Census of the streets of Newcastle
Allan Cunningham - Botanist & Explorer - born on 13 July 1791 at Wimbledon, Surrey, England
Apothecaries in Maitland in the 1840's - William Lipscomb, Charles Vavasour Earle, William Mutlow and William Townley Pinhey

Arthur Phillip - First Governor of New South Wales

Australian Agricultural Company -  Established as a land development company with the assistance of the British Parliament's Crown Grant of 1,000,000 acres in 1824

A Visit to my daughter & a Trip to the last days races - Dr. Thomas Parmeter 1835 of de Quirosville

Bells Our ancestor's lives were ruled by Bells

Beyond the Sea Brian Ahearn, descendant of convict Murtagh Ahern, is author of ‘Beyond the Sea’ the life and times of Murtagh Ahern and the log of the convict ship ‘Atlas’. My thanks to Brian Ahearn for providing Selected extracts from Journey into Hell Chapter 11 of 'Beyond the Sea'
Bold Jack Donohue - Australia's famous Bushranger
Botany Bay Hero - Michael Kean's experiences as a convict
Captain Patrick Logan's Journal - Captain Logan was Commandant at Moreton Bay in 1826
Charles Picknell's on board diary on the convict ship Kains in 1831
Claims to Leases of Crown Lands Beyond the Settled District - New England 1848
Coal Miners in Newcastle 1858  Transactions of the North of England Institute of Mining Engineers Vol VI, 1858 ,'On the Coalfield of New South Wales' by Henry T. Plews
Colonial Events 1788 - 1844 - month by month
Colonial Medical Practitioners - Newcastle & Hunter Valley
Colonial Military Officers who served or settled in Newcastle and the Hunter Valley

Colonial Appointments
Convict Assignment and Punishment at Newcastle - Government Orders 1813

Convict Ship Canton in 1840 - Extract from Notes of an Exile to Van Dieman’s Land etc., by Linus Wilson Miller

Convict Ship Buffalo bringing French-Canadian Patriots to New South Wales in 1840
Convict Ship Index Information about the voyages of approximately 400 convict ships
Convicts Ships to New South Wales 1835
Convict Ship Surgeon Superintendents

Cottage Creek - Bridge, Cemetery, Cottage (Newcastle)
County Electors - Newcastle 1855
Currency Lads and Lasses 
Two Years in New South Wales: A Series of Letters, Comprising Sketches of ... By Peter Miller Cunningham

Discovery of Lake Macquarie in 1800 - known as Reid's Mistake

Early Bushrangers - 1800 - 1820 - Newcastle & Hunter Valley
Early convict coal Miners in Newcastle - 1801
Early Days in Port Stephens
Early Harbour Masters - Newcastle

Edmund Lockyer's Expedition to Brisbane River 1825
Edward Denny Day - Police Magistrate at Maitland

Ellen Bundock's Memoir - Sydney - Newcastle - Merton
Emigrants from England, Ireland and Scotland to Hunter Valley 1830s & 1840s
Eraring History - Lake Macquarie

Executions at Newcastle and the Hunter Valley
Expedition to the Hunter River in 1801 - Lady Nelson

Extracts from the Recollections of Rev. Richard George Boodle
Female Convicts - Links to Convict Ships transporting female prisoners to NSW
Female Factory at Parramatta

Female Factory at Newcastle - Attached to Newcastle Gaol

First Fleet 1788 - Vessels of the First Fleet - Charlotte, Friendship, Prince of Wales
Follow the Female Convict Ship Trail - Beginning with the Charlotte in 1788
Follow the Irish Convict Ship Trail - The Queen was the first convict ship bringing convicts to NSW
FRANK THE POET' arrived on the Convict Ship Eliza in 1832

Friedrich Gerstäcker  - Traveller

George Wyndham's Diary - Transcription of the first two years of the diary of settler George Wyndham

Governor Macquarie's Tour of Newcastle Settlement in 1812
Huntington's History of Newcastle
Islands in the lower Hunter River included Moscheto Island, Dempsey Island, Spit Island, Spectacle Island, Bullock Island and Ash Island
James Hardy Vaux at Newcastle - 1811 - Author of Australia's first dictionary

James Henry Crummer - Police Magistrate at Newcastle
James St. John Ranclaud

John Bingle's excursion to Lake Macquarie in 1822

John Standfield - Tolpuddle Martyr
Journal of Rev. Christopher Eipper - Missionary at Moreton Bay & Presbyterian Minister at Paterson NSW

Latest History and Genealogy News  + Museums, Science, Technology, Environment, Health & Lifestyle

Law & Order - Police Force in the Hunter Valley prior to 1862
Lieutenant Purcell and Coal River (Newcastle) - Colonial Events 1810
Links to Biographies from Memoirs of Hydrography
Maitland Gaol  - Foundation stone laid in 1844

Maitland Hospital - Foundation stone laid in 1846
Map Links -  Links to some of the Hunter, Paterson and Williams River Maps listed in the Catalogue at the National Library of Australia.
Mary Bryant - Escape from the colony in 1791
Men of the Time is part 1 of the Australian Dictionary of Dates and Men of the Time. It is a listing of biographies of men of note with connections to Australia, providing details such as full name, date and place of birth and history of their occupations. Index to Men of the Time

Moreton Bay 1824

Morpeth Links

Murrurundi History Links
Muswellbrook History Links
Newcastle Gaol

Newcastle Through the Years

Newcastle in 1822

Placenames in Newcastle, Lake Macquarie and Hunter Valley
Political Prisoners to NSW
Probable Usefulness - An account of the Connor Family from Ireland to Australia by Sister Rita King

Publicans in Newcastle 1828

Recollections of Rev. Boodle - Muswellbrook
Reminiscences of Maitland
Reminiscences of Watt Street, Newcastle

Reminiscences of Aboriginal tribes near Paterson
Report of the Commissioner of the Inquiry on the State of the Colony of New South Wales {Extracts Relating to Transportation, Disembarkation & Servitude}
Rev Edward Griffith - Two Chapters from 'Memorials of Rev. Edward Griffith' written by his daughter Mary

Rev. Lancelot Thelkeld - Missionary at Lake Macquarie

Rev. Charles Pleydell Neale Wilton - Newcastle - Timeline and Notes
Robert Dixon - - Surveyor

Rockhampton South Cemetery History

Scourgers - New South Wales
Sea Bathing at Newcastle
Sea Grave  & Early Harbour Masters at Newcastle
Signal Staff at Newcastle 1858
Sir Thomas Livingstone Mitchell's Expedition in November 1831

Stockton Links
Surgery & use of Ether in Port Stephens - 1840's
Tamworth History Links

The Blind Traveller

United States Exploring Expedition to Lake Macquarie in 1839

William Grant Broughton's &  ship board diary on the convict ship John in 1829

William Harrison Craig - Convict Artist
Wollombi History Links
19th Century Medical Terms

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