Free Settler or Felon

Home 19th Century Medical Terms Colonial Events Law and Order
Convict History Convict Ships Index Convict Ship Captains Surgeon Superintendents

Convict Ship Links
A B C D E F G H I
                 
J -K L M N - O P - Q R S T - V W - Y



 

 

 

Were there any serious accidents on the voyages?

Select....

Fortune 1813;

Henry 1825

Sir Godfrey Webster;

Hercules 1825

Harmony 1827;  

Princess Charlotte 1827;

Competitor 1828  

Dunvegan Castle 1830

Forth 1830

Roslin Castle 1830

Exmouth 1831

Buffalo 1833

Henry Wellesley 1836

Lord Lyndoch 1838

Diamond 1838

 

 

 

 

 

Crossing the equator and theatricals - Speedy 1800; Elizabeth 1818; Eliza 1822

 

Sparring, singing, dancing - See Albion 1823

 

Christmas Day - See Lord Sidmouth 1823  Fairlie 1834

 

Dancing and singing on the Recovery 1823

 

Making Patchwork - Brothers 1824

 

Dancing on the Asia in 1825

 

Exercise and amusements - Eliza 1829

 

Singing on the Sovereign 1829

 

Boxing on the Lady Harewood in 1831

 

Dancing, acting and 'skylarking' on the Surry 1834

 

Dancing on the Lady Nugent in 1835

 

Dancing and marching on the Henry Porcher 1835

 

Dancing and singing on the Eden 1836

 

Dancing and patchwork on the Henry Wellesley 1837

 

Dancing and marching on the Clyde in 1838

 

Singing, dancing and theatricals  Earl Grey 1838

 

Walking on the Portsea 1838

 

Prizes on the Augusta Jessie 1840

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

How did people in the colony react when a new convict ship arrived in the colony?

 

See Watkin Tench's description  - Lady Juliana   Harmony 1827;

 

 

 

Were convicts happy to arrive in the colony?-

 

See Lady Kennaway 1836

 

 

 

How long were the convicts held on the ship before being disembarked ?

 

See Bencoolen 1819;  Larkins 1829   Earl of Liverpool 1831;  Bengal Merchant 1835

 

 

 

How did they disembark from the ship?

See Barossa 1839

 

 

 

Were prisoners issued with clothing on arrival?

See Admiral Gambier 1811

 

 

 

What happened to prisoners after arrival?

 

Experiment 1804

 

Canada 1810;

 

Florentia 1828;

 

Earl of Liverpool 1831; 

 

Fanny 1833

 

Fairlie 1834

 

Diamond 1838

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

How were the ships kept clean?

 

See Larkins 1817

 

Grenada 1821

 

Recovery 1823

 

Borodino 1828

 

Bengal Merchant 1836

 

Earl Grey 1838 

 

 

 

How were the vessels rid of vermin?

 

See Alexander 1806

 

 

 

How were the ships kept dry? 

 

Earl Grey 1838 

  

Augusta Jessie 1840

 

 

 

 

 

What clothing did the convicts have when they were embarked? 

 

See Speke 1808

 

Earl St. Vincent 1818

 

Elizabeth 1818

 

Daphne 1819;

 

Earl St. Vincent 1820

 

Elizabeth 1820

 

Eliza 1822;  

 

Albion 1828 

 

Guildford 1829;

 

Clyde in 1838

 

 

 

Were they given extra clothing on the voyage?

 

Elizabeth 1818 

 

Isabella 1818

 

Recovery 1823

 

 

 

Were they issued with clothing on arrival:

 

Friends 1811 

 

Guildford 1812

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

What was it like to be imprisoned in Newgate  ?

 

Wanstead 1814 

 

See Convict Ships 1835

 

 

 

Description of Bristol gaol - Hadlow 1818

 

 

 

 

 

What was the prison like at Cork?

 

See Lady Rowena 1826

 

 

What was the prison like at Kilkenny?

 

See Almorah 1824

 

What was their condition when they were taken from the Essex Hulk to the ship?

 

Bussorah Merchant 1831

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Sleeping conditions

 

See Baring 1819;  

 

Guildford 1827

 

Lady Harewood 1832 ;

 

Earl Grey 1838;

 

 

 

How did the convicts embark on the vessel?

 

Select Elizabeth 1818   

 

Earl St. Vincent 1823   

 

Bussorah Merchant 1828

 

 

How were convicts secured when they first arrived on the vessel?

 

Select...... Larkins 1817

 

 

What arrangements were made for water closets?

 

Select...... Baring 1819 

 

Earl St. Vincent 1820 

 

Daphne 1819

 

Edward 1829

 

Andromeda 1830;

 

Asia 1831 

 

Caroline 1833

 

 

How did the men keep clean? 

 

Shipley 1817

Hadlow 1818

 

Earl St. Vincent 1820

 

 

 

Were convicts employed during the voyage?

 

Friendship 1818 (female);

 

Isabella 1818;

 

Grenada 1819;  

 

 Lord Sidmouth 1819;

 

Almorah 1820;

 

Adamant 1821;

 

Lord Sidmouth 1823 (female);

 

Albion 1823

 

Almorah 1824;

 

Asia 1825;

 

Edward 1829; 

 

Captain Cook 1833;  

 

Lord Lyndoch 1838;

 

Augusta Jessie 1840;

 

 

 

 

 

Which vessels had a high mortality?

 

Select.....

Scarborough 1790

 

 Britannia 1791;

 

Britannia 1797;

 

Earl Cornwallis 1801;   

 

General Hewitt 1814;

 

Three Bees 1814;

 

Tottenham 1818;  

 

Eliza 1828

 

Vittoria 1829

 

Fanny 1833

 

Henry Porcher 1835;  

 

Earl Grey 1836

 

Lord Lyndoch 1838

 

 

 

 

Burial at sea -

 

Gilbert Henderson 1840

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Did convicts escape either before the ship sailed or during the voyage? -

 

See Lady Juliana 1790; 

 

Larkins 1817

 

Lord Eldon 1817

 

Earl St. Vincent 1818 

 

Eden 1840 (attempted)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

How were female convicts transported from county gaols to London?

 

See Lord Wellington 1820 

 

Brothers 1824

 

 

 

How were they transported from prison to the ship?

 

Burrell 1832 

 

Elizabeth 1818 

 

Woodman 1823

 

Forth 1830 

 

Sovereign 1829;

 

Roslin Castle 1830

 

 

 

How were they occupied on the voyage to Australia?

 

Brothers 1824 

 

Edward 1829 

 

Sovereign 1829

 

 

Were the female convicts often troublesome?

 

See Friendship 1818

 

Lord Sidmouth 1823;

 

Almorah 1824

 

Sovereign 1829 

 

Surry 1833 

 

Elizabeth 1836 

 

Roslin Castle 1836;

 

Pyramus 1836;

 

 

 

 

Were they given extra rations if they were nursing children?

 

City of Edinburgh 1828 

 

Fairlie 1834

 

 

 

 

Where did they live when they arrived in the colony?

 

See Aeolus 1809;

 

See Alexander 1816;

 

Almorah 1824;

 

Asia 1830

 

Burrell 1832

 

 

 

 

 

What provisions were given to the convicts -

 

See  Daphne 1819

 

John Bull 1821

 

Edward 1829;  

 

Lady Harewood 1832

 

Planter 1832

 

Fairlie 1834

 

Bengal Merchant 1836  

 

Roslin Castle 1836  

 

Heber 1837;

 

 

What food could they procure at stopovers? -

 

See Diana 1833

 

Lady Kennaway 1836 

 

Earl Grey 1836 

 

Strathfieldsaye 1836 

 

Clyde in 1838

 

 

 

Were sea-board rations supplemented?

 

Bencoolen 1819 

 

Recovery 1823

 

 

 

 

Was their water supply adequate?

 

See Lord Sidmouth 1819 

 

Grenada 1827

 

Pyramus 1832;

 

Earl Grey 1836

 

Blenheim 1839

 

 

 

 

Were the sick convicts given a different diet?

 

See Asia 1831

 

 

 

 

 
HULKS

 

 

 

 

What were the living conditions Leviathan hulk like ?

 

See the Canada 1819

 

Lady Feversham 1830  

 

Strathfieldsaye 1836;

 

Prison Hulk Report 1838

 

 

 

Illness on Irish hulks -

 

see  Hercules 1830

 

Asia 1831 

 

Bussorah Merchant 1831 

 

Camden 1831

 

 

 

 

What condition were the convicts in when they left the hulks?

 

Camden 1833

 

The hulk Surprise - Sir Godfrey Webster

 

The hulk Captivity - Portland 1832

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Which voyages had very little illness ?-

 

See Almorah 1817 Elizabeth 1818 Guildford 1818;  Bencoolen 1819 Grenada 1819  Tyne 1819Guildford 1820   Lord Wellington 1820Eliza 1822 Guildford 1822;  Henry 1823; Ann & Amelia 1825; Asia 1825Hercules 1825Marquis of Hastings 1827; Asia 1828;   Competitor 1828Phoenix 1828Edward 1829; Governor Ready 1829Princess Royal 1829Sarah 1829;  Sovereign 1829 Southworth 1832; Adrian 1830; Lord Melville 1830Hercules 1830;  Dunvegan Castle 1832Portland 1832England 1835; Strathfieldsaye 1836   Pyramus 1836   Elphinstone 1838;   Augusta Jessie 1840 

 

Which vessels had major illnesses?

 

See Pitt 1792Hillsborough 1799Atlas 1802Glatton 1803; Tellicherry 1806; Three Bees 1814 Surry 1814  Tottenham 1818;  Baring 1819  Almorah 1824Bussorah Merchant 1828Eliza 1828;   America 1829; Lucy Davidson 1829; Vittoria 1829; Burrell 1830  Asia 1833Fanny 1833Heroine 1833;   Waterloo 1833Bengal Merchant 1835; Earl Grey 1836Eden 1836Lord Lyndoch 1838Bengal Merchant 1838Barossa 1839Blenheim 1839

 

 

 

 

 

 

How did the convicts feel about leaving their country of birth? 

 

Elizabeth 1818  

 

Minerva 1818   

 

Daphne 1819

 

Prince Regent 1820;

 

Eliza 1822

 

Earl St. Vincent 1823 

 

Forth 1830; 

 

Hercules 1832 

 

Camden 1833

 

 

What happened to the convicts when they were embarked?

 

Canada 1801

 

 

 

 

 

 

Where did the Guard for the convicts ships embark?

 

Select..... Earl St. Vincent 1823

 

Larkins 1829

 

 

Did conflict occur between the Captain of the vessel and Military escort?

 

See Three Bees 1814

 

 

 

What did the military guard do after disembarking from the ship?

 

See Champion 1827

 

Albion 1828

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Scarborough 1790

 

Albemarle 1791

 

Boddingtons 1793

 

Sugar Cane 1793

 

Lady Shore in 1797

 

Barwell 1798

 

Anne 1801

 

Hercules 1802

 

Chapman 1817

 

Tottenham 1818

 

Atlas 1819

 

Daphne 1819

 

Dorothy 1820

 

Isabella 1823

 

Royal Charlotte 1825

 

Burrell 1830

 

Captain Cook 1836

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

of military - see Lord Sidmouth 1821  Barwell 1798

 

of female convicts - see Britannia 1797; Friendship 1818; John Bull 1821Lord Sidmouth 1823; Almorah 1824  Buffalo 1833; Diana 1833; Surry 1833Elizabeth 1836Gilbert Henderson 1840

 

- of male convicts - Boddingtons 1793  Britannia 1797  Hillsborough 1799 Shipley 1817 Shipley 1818; Atlas 1819  Globe 1819; Castle Forbes 1820  Dorothy 1820   Guildford 1820  Prince Regent 1821Brampton 1823Recovery 1823; Royal Charlotte 1825;

 

 - vessels where almost no punishment took place - See Almorah 1817Eliza 1822; Edward 1829Captain Cook 1833  Earl Grey 1838  Hadlow 1820

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Which ships were quarantined on arrival?

 

Surry 1814;

 

Bussorah Merchant 1828

 

Lucy Davidson 1829;

 

America 1829

 

Heroine 1833;

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Were schools established on the convict ships?

 

Select.......

 

Grenada 1819

 

Tyne 1819

 

Almorah 1820;

 

Castle Forbes 1820;

 

Dorothy 1820;

 

Elizabeth 1820;

 

Guildford 1820

 

Eliza 1822

 

Phoenix 1822; 

 

Lord Sidmouth 1823

 

Brampton 1823

 

Recovery 1823

 

Almorah 1824

 

Henry Wellesley 1837 

 

Earl Grey 1838 

 

Portsea 1838

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

To read a description of Portsmouth and the Needles

see Lady Castlereagh

 

 

To find out the length of time between Deptford, embarking convicts and weighing anchor see Lady Feversham 1830

 

 

How long did it take to sail from Deptford to the Cove of Cork

Almorah 1820;

 

Lord Sidmouth 1821;

 

Castle Forbes 1820;

 

 

Where were the convicts embarked from? -

 

Larkins 1817

 

 

How long did it take to sail to Madeira?

 

See Baring 1819

 

 

How long did it take to sail from Cork to Teneriffe -

 

Sir Godfrey Webster

 

 

How long did it take to sail from Plymouth to the Cape?

 

See Burrell 1830

 

 

How long did it take to reach the tropics after leaving England?

 

See Lloyds 1833

 

 

How long did it take to sail to the Cape? -

 

See the Active in 1791

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Which vessels had fine weather all the way?

 

Sarah 1829

 

Lloyds 1833 

 

Forth 1835

 

 

 

Which vessels experienced very bad weather?

 

Catherine 1814

 

Competitor 1828;  

 

Guildford 1829 

 

Roslin Castle 1830;  

 

Captain Cook 1833  

 

Hero 1835;  

 

Charles Kerr 1837

 

 

web counter