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Convict Ship Earl Grey 1836


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(Convicts and passengers from this ship only)

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Select from the Links below to find information about Convict Ships arriving in New South Wales, Norfolk Island and Van Diemen's Land between the years 1788 and 1850.

J -K L M N - O P - Q R S T - V W - Y

Embarked 297 men
Voyage 126 days
Deaths 9
Crew: 45 men
Surgeon's Journal: yes
Previous vessel: Pyramus arrived 14 December 1836
Next vessel: St. Vincent arrived 5 January 1837
Captain James Talbot
Surgeon Superintendent William Evans

Follow the Irish Convict Ship Trail

The Earl Grey transported convicts to New South Wales in 1836 and 1838 and to Van Diemen's Land in 1842.

Surgeon William Evans kept a Medical Journal from 15 July 1836 to 5 January 1837 during the voyage from Deptford, Kingstown and Cove of Cork to Sydney.

William Evans joined the Earl Grey on 15 July 1836 at Deptford and on the 25th July, the soldiers of the Guard joined the vessel. The Guard consisted of Lieut. Ronald McDonald of the 80th regt., Lieut. R. B. Hill, 41st regt., Quarter Master Potter 4th regt., Assistant Surgeon Graydon 50th regt., Assistant Surgeon Allman 4th regt., one Sergeant and 29 rank and file, 5 women and 7 children.

Cabin Passengers included Mrs. Macdonald, Mrs. Allman and Mrs. Potter.

They sailed from Deptford on the 27th July and reached Kingstown on the 14th August. On 16th August, 91 convicts were received from the Essex Hulk and the following day they sailed for Cork arriving there on 21st August. On the 23 August, 192 convicts and 5 free boys, the sons of convicts in the colony were embarked. In total there were 384 people on board.

The Earl Grey departed Cork on 27 August 1836. Between Cork and the latitude of Madeira there were a few slight cases of fever arising from the damp, crowded dormitory. After passing the Cape Verde Islands the heat became oppressive and on entering the rainy regions thirteen men were suffering from scurvy. William Evans thought scurvy and scorbutic dysentery seemed to arise partly from the impurity of the water but also from foul stagnant air between decks, combined with depression, anxiety of incarceration and sea diet.  The water had been taken on at Deptford with very little care and sometimes at improper times of the tide, though Government regulations were imperative on this head.

On the evening of 1 October they crossed the equator with a fine breeze from south southeast and passed rapidly through the south east trades, reaching the Tropic of Capricorn in 11 days from the line. There were now 30 men suffering from scurvy and on 19th October William Evans recommended the master to call at the Cape for refreshment, experience having taught him that 'lime juice and nitrate of potash are mere prophylactics' and that fresh meat and vegetables were the only sure means of ensuring health for the rest of the voyage.

At 5pm on 4 November the Earl Grey anchored in Simon's Bay, where they remained for eight days. They received fresh beef, mutton and vegetables and took on board 5 live bullocks and 60 sheep. In less than a fortnight, 30 who had been bed ridden were convalescent and continued to improve in spite of the weather.

Although he had not had the chance to examine the convicts, Surgeon Bailey R.N., at the Cape of Good Hope referred to the prevalence of scurvy on the Earl Grey in Memorandum on Scurvey by Surgeon Bailey R.N. Superintendent of the Somerset (Civil) Hospital at the Cape of Good Hope.(1) 

On 20th December 1836, Cape Otway was sighted and soon after the north end of King's Island. The following day they passed through Bass Straits with a fine breeze from the westwards. On 31 December 1836 they reached Sydney after a voyage of 18 weeks from Cove of Cork. The weather was fine and by the time they reached Sydney there was not one of the 288 convicts who were landed who could not walk to the convict barracks to be inspected.

William Evans was surgeon on the convict ships Hindostan, Sir William Bensley in 1817,  Bencoolen in 1819, Asia 1824 (VDL),  Sir Godfrey Webster in 1826, Southworth in 1834 (VDL) and the Earl Grey in 1836  

Notes & Links:

1). Cork County Assizes - Michael Twomey, who was convicted of the manslaughter of his wife at Passage, after a brief but impressive address was sentenced to transportation for life. - Freeman's Journal 4th August 1836

2). Kildare Assizes - A fellow named William Nowlan was indicted for perjury, in having sworn informations against several of the country people, respecting the manufacture of pikes and the tendering of unlawful oaths. He was found guilty and sentenced to seven years' transportation. - Freeman's Journal 13 July 1836

3). Hunter Valley convicts / passengers arriving on the Earl Grey 1836

4). Detachments of the 80th regiment arrived the Lady Kennaway, Lloyds, Norfolk, Bengal MerchantAsia, Captain Cook, Earl Grey, St. Vincent, John, Prince George, Mangles, Heber, Theresa, Calcutta and Eden.


(1). London Medical Gazette


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