Convict Ship Lord Lyndoch 1838
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Norfolk Island and Van Diemen's Land between the years 1788 and 1850.
Embarked: 330 men
Voyage: 126 days
Surgeon's Journal - Yes
vessel: Bengal Merchant
21 July 1838
Westmoreland arrived 22 August 1838
Master William Stead
Lyndoch was built at Calcutta in 1825.(1)
transported to Australia on the Lord Lyndoch in
1833 (NSW), 1836
(VDL), 1838 (NSW) and 1840 (VDL).
Many of the prisoners were held in prison hulks prior to
embarkation. Select here
to read a Prison Hulk Report describing a typical week in the life
of convicts incarcerated in the Hulks in 1838.
Lyndoch departed England on 4 April 1838 with three hundred and
thirty prisoners from throughout England and Scotland. There
were also six men who had been tried in Trinidad and another six in
Obadiah Pineo kept a Medical Journal from 14 March to 6 September
1838. This was to be his last voyage as surgeon on a convict ship. The voyage was a disaster from the
beginning, two convicts dying in the first two weeks, one from
phthisis and one from small pox. The small pox breaking out on board
only two or three days after leaving port, all those who did not
know of having the disease previously were immediately vaccinated,
eight in number and two infants belonging to the guard. Several very
mild cases broke out both amongst the seamen as well as the
Cabin Passengers included Major Campbell,
Mrs. Campbell and Ensign Dixon. Steerage passengers William Ashenden,
barrack sergeant, Mrs. Ashenden and two children, 32 rank and file
of the 21st, 50th 51st and 80th regiments, six women and nine
children. Surgeon Obadiah Pineo reported in his journal that Major
Campbell who had served most of his life in India, was placed under
his care and also his wife Mrs Campbell. Mrs Ashenden (barrack
sergeant's wife) and children were a long time on the sick list,
with several more children belonging to the guard of which two were
vaccinated. Two of the wives of the guard gave birth to healthy
children on the passage out.
The surgeon wrote of prisoner
John Jones, aged 30, who contracted smallpox. He was put on the sick
list on 11 April 1838 and died on 23 April 1838. He died very
easy and thanked every one who had been so kind to him, none was
more so than John Beard the hospital assistant who gave attention
and kindness to the sick throughout the voyage.
Beard was to prove invaluable in the next few weeks after a terrible
accident that occurred on 20th May when boiling tea scalded sixteen
of the men. With all the others already sick, only a few of the
worst cases could be accommodated in the hospital. Obadiah Pineo
praised prisoner John Beard for his unremitting attention to the
'wretched creatures' . One of the men affected, David Barrett
described by the surgeon as a poor thin miserable man died
soon afterwards. He was 18 years old. The others who were scalded
Thomas Pardoe (died),
attributed the accident to the ill behaviour of one prisoner, Thomas
There was a major outbreak of scurvy; 150 cases in
all according to the surgeon. The first case recorded in the
surgeon's journal was that of Thomas Jordan on the 16th April 1838.
John Lincoln fell ill soon after and later died of the disease.
There had been four cases of scurvy before the ship reached the Cape
in June, however Pineo thought the men were recovered and the
decision was made not to call at the Cape for fresh provisions.
Perhaps they felt the necessity to reach their destination because
of the serious injuries sustained in the scalding accident or
perhaps the Captain pressed for a speedy voyage. There were no
regulations at the time forcing vessels into the Cape or Rio to
re-supply provisions and the decision was left to the Captain and
the Surgeon. Whatever the reason, the decision to sail direct was a
disaster. The Sydney Gazette gave an account of what
happened next -
After the vessel had left the Cape and
the cold weather began to set in, the sickness increased rapidly,
and the hospital was soon crowded, as well as the berths contiguous
to it, with prisoners labouring under the effects of scurvy. Every
precaution was taken to prevent the disease spreading, and all the
usual remedies applied in such cases, but it had got too much ahead
to be easily mastered. Nineteen deaths occurred within the last
eight weeks the Lord Lyndoch was at sea. On Wednesday evening 8th
October, the sick men were landed from the vessel; sixty eight were
forwarded to the General Hospital at that time, and nine the next
morning. On Thursday thirty more were sent to the Prisoners Barracks
to be put under medical treatment. One of the men admitted into the
hospital on Wednesday died shortly afterwards. The disease was
confined to the prisoners, there were no deaths among the guard or
Obediah Pineo had previously been employed as
surgeon on the convict ships
England in 1835 and the
1836 . There were no cases of scurvy on the voyage of the
List of prisoners who died:
McKensie, aged 19, prisoner, phthisis incipient ending in general
dropsy died 6 June 1838.
Thomas Addison, aged 23, prisoner,
asthma and palpitation cordis died 24 July 1838.
aged 17, prisoner, incipient phthisis, he had also a severe scald on
the 20 May; put on sick list 20 April 1838, died 16 June 1838.
Thomas Smith, aged 28, prisoner, colica; died 18 June 1838.
Joseph Heritage, aged 28, prisoner, scorbutus died 26 July 1838.
John Thompson, aged 38, prisoner, scorbutus, died 29 July 1838.
Henry Holding, aged 20, prisoner, scorbutus; died 31 July 1838.
Thomas Cowan, aged 67, prisoner, scorbutus; died 3 August 1838.
James Latour, aged 37, prisoner, scorbutus; died 3 August 1838.
Richard Morris, aged 38, prisoner, scorbutus; died 6 August 1838.
Latour, aged 39, prisoner, scorbutus; died 6 August 1838.
Sin[?], aged 42, prisoner, scorbutus; died 7 August 1838.
The Lord Lyndoch arrived in Port Jackson on 8 August 1838,
a voyage of 126 days.
Notes and Links:
1). Find out more about
bushrangers Robert Whitehead and Richard
Glanville who arrived on the Lord Lyndoch
Convict John Beard was a Quaker. He was tried in
Gloucestershire and sentenced to transportation for life forging a
bill of exchange for £200 with intent to defraud William Washbourn.
The Times of 9th August 1837 reported that John Beard had been a
coal and timber merchant and a man of great respectability and
property in the city of Gloucester.
More about convict John Beard
3). Prisoner James Scott aged 40 was employed as school teacher
on board. He was also tried in Gloucestershire.
convict ships arrived in New South Wales in
Hunter Valley convicts / passengers arriving on the Lord Lyndoch in
Convict ships bringing detachments of the 51st
regiment include the Neptune,
John Barry and the