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Convict Ship Henry 1823


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(Convicts and passengers from this ship only)

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Select from the Links below to find information about Convict Ships arriving in New South Wales, Norfolk Island and Van Diemen's Land between the years 1788 and 1850

J -K L M N - O P - Q R S T - V W - Y

Embarked 160 men
Voyage 120 days
Deaths: 0
Surgeon's Journal: Yes
Previous vessel: Recovery arrived 30 July 1823
Next vessel: Ocean arrived 27 August 1823
Captain Thomas Thatcher
Surgeon Superintendent Thomas Davies R.N.
The convicts of the Henry came from counties throughout England. Some were held in county gaols after trial, or if they had been tried at the Old Bailey they were sent to Newgate. From these prisons they were transferred to the prison Hulks to await transportation.

Some of the prisoners of the Henry who had been tried at the Old Bailey were transferred to the prison hulk Retribution at Woolwich on 7th February 1823.

In an article in the Sunday Times in November 1822, it is revealed what they may have been given to eat for this two months spent on the hulk when it was reported that an opulent butcher from Rochester had won the contract to victual the convicts stationed on the hulks at Woolwich and Sheerness at three-pence farthing a man per day. The provisions were to consist of good ox beef, bread, small beer, cheese and meal.

Many of the prisoners were transferred from the Hulks to the Henry on 7 April 1823. The Henry departed London on 28 April 1823 just four days after the Ocean also bound for New South Wales. The Commodore Hayes for Van Diemen's Land departed with 219 prisoners on 26 April 1823.

The Guard consisted of 32 rank and file of the 3rd regiment (Buffs) under the orders of Captain H. Lockyer and Lieutenant Thomas Henry Owen. Other ships bringing detachments of the 3rd regiment included the Shipley, Asia, Surry, Mangles, Asia, Southworth, Countess of Harcourt, Guildford, Princess Royal, Eliza and Brampton The 3rd Regiment had its headquarters in Sydney between 1822 and 1827 and companies were dispatched continuously to various outstations, serving in Tasmania and with other detachments at Newcastle, Liverpool, Parramatta, Port Macquarie and Bathurst. The regiment shipped to India at the end of its service. (1)

This was Thomas Davies' second voyage as Surgeon Superintendent on a convict ship. . Thomas Davies was also surgeon on the convict ships Medway in 1821 and the Asia (111) in 1825.

He kept a Medical Journal from 13th March 1823 to 29 August 1823.  He wrote in his Journal that the unusually healthy state of the Guard and Convicts on the Henry may have in some measure depended on the strict attention paid in every part of the ship; a constant ventilation by windsails and keeping fires lighted in the prison daily; at intervals admitting as many on deck at a time as possible; employing them in various ways conducive to health; hammocks most days on deck; special care taken in their use of the cold bath and most particularly their body linen....(2)

The Henry arrived in Port Jackson on Tuesday 26th August 1823, bringing 160 male convicts in good health. The convict indents include the name, age, native place, date and place of trial and physical description with occasional information regarding Pardons and tickets of leave.. There is no information as to where and to whom the men were assigned on arrival. About forty men have been identified residing in the Hunter Valley region in the following years.

Some of the men were assigned to settlers in the Hunter region - Thomas Ward was assigned to Joseph Onus at Cockfighter's Creek; Thomas Shuttleworth was assigned to Timothy Nowlan; John Newins was assigned to Samuel Wright; John Abercrombie to the Australian Agricultural Company.

Captain Lockyer and his wife sailed to Hobart on the Mariner in December 1823.  

Notes & Links:

1). Old Bailey - George Massey was found guilty of demanding from Mr. James Lockwood, in a menacing manner, satisfaction for attempting to commit an abominable offence. Shore, the constable, stated that at the time he apprehended the prisoners, he used the foul threats mentioned in the indictment, towards Mr. Lockwood, and acted with the most outrageous violence. The Records ordered the convict to be called up instantly, and sentenced him to seven years transportation and informed the prosecutor that the public were greatly indebted to him for bringing the prisoner to justice. - Sunday Times - 3 November 1822.

2). Select HERE to find out more about convicts and passengers of the Henry

3).  Return of Convicts of the Henry assigned between 1st January 1832 and 31st March 1832 (Sydney Gazette 14 June 1832; 21 June 1832; 28 June 1832).....
Patrick Golding (Goulding) Gardener assigned to Dr. Forster at Field of Mars
William King Ploughman assigned to William Bowman at Richmond



5). 3rd or East Kent Regt. of Foot (Buffs) 1827...........


(1) Grey, Jeffrey, A Military History of Australia, Cambridge University Press, 2000, p. 15

(2) UK Royal Navy Medical Journals, 1817-1857     


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