Convict Ship Henry 1823
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(Convicts and passengers from this
Select from the Links below to find
information about Convict Ships arriving in New South Wales, Norfolk
Island and Van Diemen's Land between the years 1788 and 1850
Embarked 160 men
Voyage 120 days
Surgeon's Journal: Yes
vessel: Recovery arrived 30
Next vessel: Ocean
arrived 27 August 1823
Captain Thomas Thatcher
Thomas Davies R.N.
|The convicts of
the Henry came from counties throughout England. Some were
held in county gaols after trial, or if they had been tried at the
Old Bailey they were sent to Newgate. From these prisons they were
transferred to the prison Hulks to await transportation.
Some of the prisoners of the Henry who had been tried at
the Old Bailey were transferred to the prison hulk Retribution
at Woolwich on 7th February 1823.
In an article in the
Sunday Times in November 1822, it is revealed what they may
have been given to eat for this two months spent on the hulk when it
was reported that an opulent butcher from Rochester had won the
contract to victual the convicts stationed on the hulks at Woolwich
and Sheerness at three-pence farthing a man per day. The provisions
were to consist of good ox beef, bread, small beer, cheese and meal.
Many of the prisoners were transferred from the Hulks to the
Henry on 7 April 1823. The Henry departed London
on 28 April 1823 just four days after the
Ocean also bound for New
South Wales. The Commodore Hayes for Van Diemen's Land
departed with 219 prisoners on 26 April 1823.
consisted of 32 rank and file of the 3rd regiment (Buffs) under the
orders of Captain H. Lockyer and Lieutenant Thomas Henry Owen. Other ships bringing detachments of the 3rd regiment included the
The 3rd Regiment had its headquarters in Sydney between 1822 and
1827 and companies were dispatched continuously to various
outstations, serving in Tasmania and with other detachments at
Newcastle, Liverpool, Parramatta, Port Macquarie and Bathurst. The
regiment shipped to India at the end of its service. (1)
This was Thomas Davies' second voyage as Surgeon Superintendent on a
convict ship. . Thomas Davies was also surgeon on the convict ships
Medway in 1821 and the Asia
(111) in 1825.
He kept a Medical
Journal from 13th March 1823 to 29 August 1823.
He wrote in his Journal that the unusually healthy state of the Guard
and Convicts on the Henry may have in some measure depended
on the strict attention paid in every part of the ship; a constant
ventilation by windsails and keeping fires lighted in the prison
daily; at intervals admitting as many on deck at a time as possible;
employing them in various ways conducive to health; hammocks most
days on deck; special care taken in their use of the cold bath and
most particularly their body linen....(2)
arrived in Port Jackson on Tuesday 26th August 1823, bringing 160
male convicts in good health. The convict indents include the name,
age, native place, date and place of trial and physical description
with occasional information regarding Pardons and tickets of leave..
There is no information as to where and to whom the men were
assigned on arrival. About forty men have been identified residing
in the Hunter Valley region in the following years.
the men were assigned to settlers in the Hunter region - Thomas Ward
was assigned to Joseph Onus at
Cockfighter's Creek; Thomas Shuttleworth was assigned to
Timothy Nowlan; John Newins was
assigned to Samuel Wright; John
Abercrombie to the
Australian Agricultural Company.
Captain Lockyer and his
wife sailed to Hobart on the Mariner in December 1823.
Notes & Links:
1). Old Bailey - George
Massey was found guilty of demanding from Mr. James Lockwood, in a
menacing manner, satisfaction for attempting to commit an abominable
offence. Shore, the constable, stated that at the time he
apprehended the prisoners, he used the foul threats mentioned in the
indictment, towards Mr. Lockwood, and acted with the most outrageous
violence. The Records ordered the convict to be called up instantly,
and sentenced him to seven years transportation and informed the
prosecutor that the public were greatly indebted to him for bringing
the prisoner to justice. - Sunday Times - 3 November 1822.
HERE to find out more about convicts and passengers of the Henry
3). Return of Convicts of the
Henry assigned between 1st January 1832 and
31st March 1832 (Sydney Gazette 14 June 1832; 21 June 1832; 28 June
|Patrick Golding (Goulding)
||Gardener assigned to Dr. Forster at Field of Mars
||Ploughman assigned to William Bowman at Richmond
5). 3rd or East Kent Regt.
of Foot (Buffs) 1827...........
A Military History of Australia, Cambridge University
Press, 2000, p. 15
(2) Ancestry.com. UK Royal Navy Medical