Convict Ship Surry 1823
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information about Convict Ships arriving in New South Wales, Norfolk
Island and Van Diemen's Land between the years 1788 and 1850
|Embarked: 160 men
Voyage: 150 days
Surgeon's Journal: yes
vessel: Lord Sidmouth
arrived 27 February 1823
Princess Royal arrived 9
Master Thomas Raine
This was the fourth of eleven voyages of
the Surry bringing convicts to Australia. She brought
convicts to Australia in
1819, 1823, 1829 (VDL),
1831, 1833 (VDL),
1840 and 1842 (VDL)
The Surry was a square-rigged transport ship. She
had an overall length of 117 ft. 6 ins., a breadth above the
gunwales of 29 ft. 6 ins, and a draught, when loaded, of 18 ft. She
was copper-sheathed, and had quarter galleries, with a bust of
Minerva for a figurehead(1) The National Library of Australia holds
sepia etching of the Surry arriving in Sydney Harbour.
The Surry was the next convict ship to leave
England for New South Wales after the departure of the
Lord Sidmouth in
September 1822. According the the Sydney Gazette, the
Surry departed Portsmouth on 29th October 1822. She was
sometimes referred to as the Old Surry with her old Commander,
Captain Thomas Raine.
This was Thomas Raine's last voyage as
her Commander. The guard consisted of a detachment of the Buffs
commanded by Major Marlay. Lieutenant Evernden also joined his corps
in the colony. Other ships bringing detachments of the 3rd regiment
Charles Linton kept an unusually long Medical Journal from
13 September 1822 to 11 March 1823. Three convicts and a soldier's
wife died on the passage out.........
|The preparatory arrangements
for the management and embarkation led me to indulge the
most sanguine hopes that little sickness would occur in the
ship during the voyage. Unfortunately however all the
managements were in a great measure frustrated and rendered
for a time almost negative by the effects resulting from the
Surry having encountered successively three or four violent
gales of wind in the channel, which forced her to put back
each time, and seek shelter in Harbour. After repeated
fruitless attempts to weather Scilly, in consequence of the
tremendously heavy seas and the violent concussion received
from the resulting force, the ship was weakened much
forward. A great quantity of water was shipped which
completely inundated the prisons and hospital and from the
helpless and debilitated state of the prisoners incurred by
sea sickness, cold, wet and thin clothing, the flux was
introduced at an early period.
Although familiar for
upwards of 20 years to the variously modified appearances of
this disease in various climates, I never met with it acting
at so early a period from its attack with such contracted
force. I deem it however right to state that from inquiry,
which I have subsequently made among the convicts, I heard
that a dangerous and fatal type of dysentery prevailed in
the convict hospital ship at Portsmouth at the period when
the draught was received on board the Surry.
inspected the prisoners on board their respective hulks, the
Leviathan and York, I also made my necessary inquiry whether
infection existed in these vessel and was assured by Dr.
Porter the Surgeon, that febrile infection had not been
encountered for years. It is a distressing circumstance to
state, yet I find it necessary to remark that although much
sickness - and this often of a very serious nature -
prevailed among the women, they conducted themselves in
general towards each other with the most brutal indifference
- refusing to perform the common office of humanity to each
other, instead of showing the humane and affectionate
tenderness of a nurse, with cold blooded reluctance
performing their service by compulsion alone.
A light north-easterly breeze was blowing and the weather was
fine when the convicts of the Surry first sighted land at
Sydney at 11am on Thursday 4 March 1823. The Guard
disembarked at 3pm on 7th March and the prisoners were mustered by
the Colonial Secretary on board on 8th March. The following day
their hair was cut short and at 6am on 11th March, the prisoners
were disembarked and marched to the goal yards where they were
inspected by Governor Brisbane.
The Sydney Gazette reported on 26th June 1823....
Captain Raine of the Surry returned to port yesterday evening on
the Nereus, leaving his ship at Port Stephens. Capt. R. has
succeeded in nearly filling the Surry at Port Macquarie, with the
finest cargo of cedar that ever was procured. Next month this
celebrated vessel of pleasing remembrance will return to Old England
with her New Holland produce.
The Surry was
advertised to depart Port Jackson on 25th July 1823. She returned to
New South Wales with convicts in
1831 under Captain Charles Kemp
Notes & Links:
1). Charles Linton was also
surgeon on the Guildford
Hunter Valley convicts / passengers arriving on the Surry in 1823
3). More about Thomas Raine in the
Sydney Gazette 27 June 1827
Thomas Raine and the Surry - Monuments Australia
Thomas Raine - Australian Dictionary of Biography
February 1822 the Surry, Captain Raine departed Sydney with
former Governor Lachlan Macquarie on board bound for England.
7). The Surry was one of twelve
vessels bringing convicts to New South Wales in 1823, the others
Earl St. Vincent,
and Medina. Approximately
1550 prisoners arrived in New South Wales in this year.
8). Return of Convicts of the Surry assigned between
1st January 1832 and 31st March 1832 (Sydney Gazette 14 June
1832; 21 June 1832).....
||Brazier assigned to William Bradley
||Brassfounder assigned to James
Blanch in Sydney
9). 3rd Regiments promotions......
10). Major Marlay died in 1830....Gentleman's Magazine.....
11). 3rd (East Kent) Regt of Foot (Buffs)...A List of the
Officers of the Army and of the Corps of Royal Marines By Great
Britain. War Office....
(1). Bateson, Charles,
The Convict Ships, p. 172