Convict Ship Elphinstone 1838
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(Convicts and passengers from this
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below to find information about Convict Ships arriving in New South Wales,
Norfolk Island and Van Diemen's Land between the years 1788 and 1850.
Embarked 232 men
Voyage 112 days
Surgeon's Journal: yes
vessel: Portsea arrived 18
Margaret arrived 5 January 1839
Captain Thomas Fremlin
Follow the Irish Convict Ship Trail
|Convicts were transported to Australia on
the Elphinstone in 1836 (VDL), 1837 (VDL), 1838 (NSW), 1842
In August 1838 the Freemans Journal reported in its
garrison news that a troop of the 17th Lancers were to escort 100
male prisoners from Kilmainham to Kingstown for embarkation on a
convict ship. These men would have some of those destined to be
transported on the Elphinstone. (1)
Two hundred and fifty five prisoners were
originally embarked on the Elphinstone on this voyage in
1838, however 23 were
re-landed before sailing.
Cabin Passengers included Captain Parker; Quarter Master William
Kerr, Mrs. Kerr and two daughters and in Steerage were the rank and
file of the 18th, 50th and 51st regiments.
came from counties throughout Ireland and had been transported for
crimes such as arson, house robbery, stealing, rape, highway
robbery, manslaughter, receiving, picking pockets
The Elphinstone departed
Dublin on 8th September 1838.
Alick Osborne kept a Medical
Journal from 22 July 1838 to 5 January 1839. He noted in his journal
that the convicts were received in good health at Dublin and that
the vessel sailed at a favourable period of the year. The scorbutic
(scurvy) cases were noticed promptly and quickly yielded to his
treatment of nitre and vinegar. He administered this remedy to all
patients with boils, ulcers, or eruptions with good effect.
On the 18th November the Elphinstone was in latitude
48° south, longitude 30° east and on the 22nd November in latitude
25° south, longitude 36° east.
The Elphinstone arrived in Port Jackson on 29 December 1838
and the prisoners were landed on Saturday 5th January 1839. Although
they arrived at the hottest time of the year, there
was little sympathy for newly arrived convicts and they were put to
work as soon as possible. John Gannon, aged 55, did not survive long
after arrival. Just ten days after landing, on 15th January, the
hottest day of the year, he was working in the streets when he was
taken ill. He was removed to the prisoner barracks and then to the
hospital but died soon afterwards A coroner's inquest found that he
had died to exposure to the sun and exhaustion.
Notes & Links:
Osborne was also employed as surgeon on the convict ships
Lonach in 1825,
Speke in 1826, Sophia in
1829, Sarah in 1829,
Planter in 1832,
Fairlie in 1834 and the
Huntley in 1835.
Hunter Valley convicts / passengers arriving on the Elphinstone in
3). William Manyon (Mangan) from King's County was
transported for life for rape.....
1). Freemans Journal 27 August 1838 page 2