Convict Ship Larkins 1829
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(Convicts and passengers from this
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below to find
information about Convict Ships arriving in New South Wales,
Island and Van Diemen's Land between the years 1788 and 1850
Embarked: 200 men
Voyage: 128 days
Surgeon's Journal: Yes
Previous vessel: Sarah arrived
7 December 1829
Next vessel: Asia
arrived 13 January 1830
Master William Campbell
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Convict Ship Trail
was built in Calcutta in 1808. Convicts were previously transported
to New South Wales on the Larkins in
reported early in July 1829 that a detachment belonging to the 63rd
Regiment of Foot marched on the 4th July from Chatham to Deptford,
for the purpose of embarking as a guard on the Larkins.
(This was a distance of approximately 25 miles/ 40 km). The
Guard consisted of 29 men of the 63rd, five women and eight children
under command of Captain Mahon. Select here
to find convicts ships bringing detachments of the 63rd regiment.
The Larkins departed London for Cork on 6th July 1829
where two hundred prisoners were embarked; one man, John Nowlan was
re-landed while still in Cork. The Larkins
departed Cork on 16 August 1829.
Oliver Sproule described
the voyage in his Journal -
|We were generally speaking
healthy on board the Larkins during her voyage to New South
Wales consequently I have but few remarks to offer. To this
healthy state of the ship I attribute the mild weather which
we experienced off the Cape. The thermometer seldom ranging
below 60° at noon, and also to the particular attention
which was paid at all times to the comfort and cleanliness
of the convicts both in their berths and in their persons
besides having them all on deck when the weather permitted,
by which means the air of the prison was always pure and
sweet when they were sent below.
Besides the cases
given in my journal there were 178 others who received
medical assistance and medicine during the voyage, but whose
cases were of such a trifling nature that were I to insert
them they would not only be tedious but irksome to the
reader. One case of scurvy however, appeared about ten days
previous to our arrival at Sydney, the symptoms of which
were spongy gums and enlargement of the left knee
accompanied with a considerable degree of rigidity of the
muscles and tendons and a livid discolouration of the skin.
Suffice it to say that fresh diet, an extra allowance of
lime juice and a little bark and wine administered daily
kept the disease in check the five days we were in harbour,
so far as to walk to Barracks the day the convicts were
The Larkins arrived in Port Jackson on 12 December
1829. Three men had died on the passage out.
were mustered on board by the Colonial Secretary Alexander McLeay on
Thursday 24th December and disembarked a week later on Thursday 31st
December 1829. A number of them were assigned to applicants for
servants and the rest were assigned to government service.
The indents include information such as name, age, education,
religion, family, marital status, native place, trade, offence, when
and where tried, sentence, prior convictions, physical description
and when and where assigned on arrival. There is also occasional
information about deaths, pardons and prior sentences.
were seven prisoners under seventeen years of age. The youngest
prisoner was James Young who was fourteen years old.
Notes & Links:
1). Nineteen year old
James (Michael) Oates, a prisoner for life from Co. Roscommon
was one of the convicts of the Larkins assigned to private
service on arrival. Nine years later he was assigned to
Thomas Simpson Hall at the Namoi and was known as 'Jemmy' Oates
or 'Hall's Jemmy'. He was involved in one of the most infamous
incidents of the times - the Myall Creek Massacre. He was executed
for his crimes with several other perpetrators at Darlinghurst
prison on 18th December 1838.
2). Oliver Sproule was also
employed as surgeon on the convict ships Borneo in 1828
(VDL), Jane in
1831 and the Lady
Nugent in 1835.
3). National Archives UK -
Principal Managing Owner: Joseph Somes.
China and Quebec. Capt William Campbell. Portsmouth 29 Jun 1827 - 25
Oct Caipang Bay - 30 Dec Whampoa - 7 Feb 1828 Second Bar - 22 Apr St
Helena - 19 Jun Quebec -.
(b) 1828/9 New South Wales and China.
Capt William Campbell. Cork 16 Aug 1829 - New South Wales - 20 Mar
1830 Whampoa - 16 Apr Second Bar - 28 Jul St Helena - 16 Sep Downs.
(c) 1830/1 Tasmania and China. Capt William Campbell. Downs 19
Jun 1831 - Tasmania - 29 Jan 1832 Whampoa - 4 Mar Second Bar - 5 Jun
St Helena - 27 Jul Downs.
(d) 1832/3 Madras, Bengal and China.
Capt William Campbell. Downs 21 Mar 1833 - 6 Jul Calcutta - 29 Aug
Kedgeree - 8 Nov Whampoa - 10 Jan 1834 Second Bar - 18 Mar St Helena
- 17 May Downs.
4) Thirty eight convicts of the
Larkins have so far been identified in the Hunter Valley in the
following years. Select
HERE here to find more about Hunter Valley convicts / passengers of the
5). Return of Convicts of the Larkins assigned
between 1st January 1832 and 31st March 1832 (Sydney Gazette 14 June
1832; 28 June 1832; 5 July 1832).....
||Indoor servant assigned to Robert
Smith at Goulburn Plains
||Labourer assigned to Matthew
Chapman at Hunter's River
||Bagpiper assigned to Peter Howell
||Indoor servant assigned to Henry
Donnison at Sydney
||Mason. Assigned to Terence Murray
at Erskine Park
||Labourer assigned to Edward Fegan
||Ploughman assigned to William Dun
at Patersons Plains
6). Convict ships bringing detachments
of the 63rd regiment -
|Date/ Place of Departure
||Officer of the Guard
|3 May 1828 London
Countess of Harcourt
||Lieutenant Christopher Dexter
|1 June 1828 Sheerness
||Lieutenant M. Vickery
|29 June 1828 London
||Major Sholto Douglas
|30 June 1828 London
|26 August 1828 Spithead
||Captain J. Briggs
|1 September 1828 Devonport
|21 September 1828 Cork
||Lieutenant J. Gibbons Lane
|16 November 1828 Dublin
||Captain D'Arcy Wentworth
|2 January 1829 Falmouth
|5 January 1829 London
|14 March 1829 London
||Lieutenant T. Grove
|8 April 1829 Woolwich
||Adjutant T. Montgomery
|22 May 1829 Spithead
||Ensign W.J. Darling
|12 July 1829 Dublin
||Lieut McLean 89th
|16 August 1829 Cork
|24 August 1829 London
|29 August 1829 London
|30 September 1829
||Lieutenant John Gray
|14 October 1829 Spithead
Katherine Stewart Forbes