Convict Ship Glatton 1803

 

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Embarked: males 270; females 135

Voyage: 169 days

Deaths 12-14

Surgeon's Journal: no

Previous vessel: Atlas arrived 30 October 1802

Next vessel: Rolla arrived 12 May 1803

 

Colonial Events 1803

 

Number of Female convicts embarked in England and Ireland:
 

1800

Minerva - 26

Speedy - 53

 

1801

Anne - 24

Earl Cornwallis - 95

Nile - 96

 

1802

Hercules - 25

Atlas (1) - 28

 

1803

Glatton 130

 

 

 

Captain James Colnett.  Surgeon Jacob B. Mountgarrett.

Midshipman James Hewett  First Officer John Bowen.


At the Battle of Copenhagen in 1801, the Glatton was commanded by Captain William Bligh, formerly of HMS Bounty. Having spotted a Dutch frigate manoeuvring to attack HMS Elephant, the flagship of Admiral Horatio Nelson, Bligh sailed directly into the line of fire and caught most of the enemy's broadside. The Glatton was severely damaged but remained afloat; the Elephant was saved. Model of H.M.S. Glatton.  The Glatton was reported in May 1802 to be fitting up at Chatham to carry convicts to Botany Bay and bring back masts. Fully fitted, she arrived at Portsmouth from the Downs on 31 August, and was reported to have dropped down to St. Helen's on 14th September 1802.

In correspondence from Lord Pelham to the Treasury, the Historical Records of Australia reveal some of the clothing that was sent on the Glatton........

Lord Pelham to the Treasury My Lords, Whitehall, 12th May, 1802

It being judged expedient to send forthwith from this country four hundred convicts to New South Wales, I am to desire that your Lordships will be pleased to cause the necessary directions to be given to the Victualling Board for providing a sufficient and proper quantity of provisions for their subsistence during the voyage, and salted beef or pork only for nine months for them after their arrival at New South Wales. I am also to desire that your Lordships will cause the necessary directions to be given for providing the 270 male convicts the particulars of cloathing as undermentioned, to be consigned to the Governor for the use of such convicts on their arrival at that settlement, and that the said provisions and cloathing may be put on board His Majesty's ship Glatton, which is now fitting at Sheerness for the conveyance of those convicts. It being also intended to allow about forty persons to embark on board the said ship who are going as settlers to that colony, I am to desire that directions may be given for providing the usual quantity of provisions for such number during their voyage thither. ............ 1 blue jacket or waistcoat, 1 p'r Russian duck trowsers, 3 checked shirts ,2 pairs of stockings, 1 pair of shoes, 1 woollen cap (HRA Vol 4 page 752 )

The Glatton was the next convict ship to leave England for New South Wales after the departure of the Perseus in February 1802

The previous vessel to arrive in New South Wales with female prisoners was the Atlas

The Glatton departed England on 23 September 1802, sailed via Madeira and Rio de Janeiro and anchored in Sydney Cove on 11 - 12  March 1803.

The Admiralty produced a set of instructions for Captain Colnett - Whereas we have thought fit that the ship you command shall be employed on that service, you are, in pursuance of H.M. pleasure signified as above mentioned, so soon as the convicts whom you have been ordered to receive shall be embarked, and the said ship in all respects be ready, hereby required and directed to put to sea and proceed in her to Port Jackson, in the said colony of NSW accordingly calling in your way thither at such place or places as you may judge most convenient and proper for the purpose of obtaining refreshment. You are to victual the convicts during their continuance on board in the same manner as convicts are usually victualled and on your arrival at port Jackson to deliver all the said convicts which may then be with you into the charge of the Governor. You are to be very careful to keep a sufficient guard upon the said convicts during the time they may remain on board the ship you command, so as to prevent the execution of any improper designs which they may form; and in case it should be requisite on your passage to New South Wales to provide necessaries for them at any port at which you may stop, you are to purchase such necessaries, if they can be procured, and to draw upon te Lords Comm'rs of H.J. Treasury for the amount thereof. An whereas the Governor of NSW has been instructed to cause a quantity of timber proper for H.M. service to be cut down and prepared in order to be sent to England for the use of H.M. Dockyards, you are hereby further required and directed to receive on board the ship you command such quantities of the said timber as well as any other produce of the said colony that may be judged proper to be sent Home as you can conveniently stow. (Admiralty to Captain James Colnett 2 September 1802. (2)

The following lists are of some of the free passengers who arrived on the Glatton (not a complete list)...... Rev. Twistleton; assistant surgeon John Savage with his wife; William Cuddie (Cuddy); Bartholomew Morley; William Cannop and wife; Jeffrey Bolton and wife; Richard Wall, tanner; Chris and Mary Frederick and three children; John and Ann Stroud; Isaac Knight, former sergeant of Marines on the First Fleet and wife Elizabeth; Serjeant Peat and son; Mrs. Jones; Bridget Heath; Frances Jennings; Mr. Bedell; Aaron Birt (Burt). (2)

William White, later a wheelwright at Parramatta came free

There were families of convicts also who arrived free on the Glatton - Some of those mentioned in the 1811 Muster and/or 1828 Census include -

Sarah Alcorn, wife of convict Richard Alcorn and their son Edward Alcorn;

Aaron and Elizabeth Byrne (possibly the same person as Aaron Birt above);

Mary Greenshaw;

Elizabeth Melville, wife of convict Robert Melville

Mary Pickett wife of convict Henry Pickett

Ann Pugh wife of convict Samuel Pugh

Isabella Moss

Martha Hayes daughter of convict Mary Hayes became Lt. John Bowen's mistress. Martha was described by Joseph Holt in 1805.....I went on to the next farm, which belonged to a Mr. Hayes, who resided there with his wife and daughter. They were manufacturers of straw; plaiting it, in the neatest manner, for the use of ladies. The daughter was a beautiful girl; she was the prettiest violet that I saw growing at the Derwent. (Memoirs of Joseph Holt)

 

 

The Sydney Gazette reported the arrival of the Glatton -

In her way the Glatton put into Rio de Janeiro to refresh. She left England with 270 Male, and 135 Female Prisoners-seven of the former, and five of the latter died; She also brought upwards of 30 Free Settlers, Eight Pieces of Heavy Ordnance, and a quantity of Ordnance Stores. The day before she got into the Cove 100 weak people were taken out, and put on board the Supply, 50 of the most ailing were soon after sent on shore to the General Hospital, where every attention was paid them. Their complaints were slightly scorbutic, of which they are recovering very fast. - Sydney Gazette

Utensils for brewing and hops were also sent on the Glatton. A brewery was later set up at Parramatta.

In 1803 Ensign George Bond of the New South Wales Corps published A Brief Account of the Colony of Port Jackson detailing the fate of some female prisoners......

 

 

The convict indents for the Glatton includes only the name of the prisoner, date and place of conviction and sentence.

The Glatton departed Port Jackson bound for England on 17th May 1803 and the London Times reported that she was on her way to Leith for the purpose of receiving the flag of Admiral Bligh. She was to be stationed as guard ship for the defence of Leith.

 

Notes and Links:

 

Convict Richard Binder arrived on the Glatton. Richard Binder later held the licence for the Australian Inn in Newcastle.

Richard Alcorn, his wife Sarah and two sons Edward and Richard arrived on the Glatton.

Joseph Onus arrived as a prisoner on the Glatton and early Maitland settler Richard Martin also Find out more about other early settlers in the district HERE.

Ann Hambleton, Mary Holloway, Grace Mansell, Letty Manvill, Mary Bumball/Taylor, Mary Coulter and James Hunt were all granted Certificates of Freedom in 1810.

Other Hunter Valley convicts arriving on the Glatton included -  John Bedder, Thomas Beddowe, Michael Cassidy,  John Dodds, Elizabeth Hemmings, Ann Jackson, William McFaddyn, Robert Melville, Thomas Murray, Samuel Pugh, James Walton, Mary Ward and Samuel Whitney.

Around 1803 convict artist John William Lancashire produced the watercolour 'View of Sydney taken from The Rocks'. The stone bridge of the Tank Stream is on the extreme right while Government House is centrally located. This is the layout of Sydney Town as the convicts of the Glatton would have known it.

In 1803 Lieutenant John Bowen offered his services to form the settlement which King had previously decided to establish at Risdon Cove, Van Diemen's Land. He was appointed Commandant and Superintendent. The expedition sailed in June but was damaged and delayed by storm, and did not finally clear Port Jackson until the end of August, with Bowen in command of the Albion. He arrived at Risdon Cove on 12 September 1803.  (2) Accompanying Lieutenant Bowen were Mr. Jacob Mountgarret surgeon of the Glatton, Mr. Williams to act as storekeeper at the settlement (3).

Click on the text below to read the full naval career of John Bowen......

 

Find out more about Captain James Colnett at the Canadian Dictionary of Biography Online

 

The Calcutta was also a Royal Navy vessel built by the East India company.

 

Report on the State of the Convicts in Portsmouth Harbour in 1802.......

 

 

 

 


Other than the links above, resources used to compile Convict Ship pages include:

(2)Australian Dictionary of Biography Online

Sydney Gazette, The Australian, The Monitor, The Maitland Mercury and other publications available via Australia Trove

UK, Prison Hulk Registers and Letter Books, 1802-1849 - Ancestry

Various 19th Century British Library Newspapers available via National Library of Australia eResourses ( see Cora Num's site for instructions to access)

Lesley Uebel's Port Jackson Convict Anthology

Surgeon's Journals at National Archives 

UK Royal Navy Medical Journals, 1817-1857 [database on-line]. Provo, UT, USA: Ancestry.com Operations, Inc., 2011. Original data: Admiralty and predecessors: Office of the Director General of the Medical Department of the Navy and predecessors: Medical Journals (ADM 101, 804 bundles and volumes). Records of Medical and Prisoner of War Departments. Records of the Admiralty, Naval Forces, Royal Marines, Coastguard, and related bodies. The National Archives. Kew, Richmond, Surrey.

Publications available at Google Books

Historical Records of New South Wales Vols. 1 - VII

Historical Records of Australia Series 1

The Convict Ships - Charles Bateson

Martin Cash: His Personal narrative as a Bushranger in Van Diemen's Land

Free Settler or Felon Database

Journeys In Time 1809 - 1822 - The Journals of Lachlan and Elizabeth Macquarie

The Proceedings of the Old Bailey Online

North to Matsumae, Australian Whalers to Japan by Noreen Jones.

Bound For Botany Bay: Narrative of a voyage in 1798 Aboard the Death Ship Hillsborough - Frank Clune

A Narrative of a Voyage to New South Wales, in the year 1816, in the ship Mariner, describing the Nature of the Accommodations, Stores, Diet &c., together with an account of the Medical Treatment &c." by John Haslam in John Croaker: convict Embezzler: John Booker and Russell Craig.

Ancestry.com. New South Wales, Australia, Colonial Secretary's Papers, 1788-1825 [database on-line].

Australian Town and Country Journal 3 January 1891 - Arrivals of vessels at Port Jackson and Departures of same up to 1817

Transcriptions of Lloyds Register of Ships

Australian Dictionary of Biography

East Indian Company Ships

Lachlan and Elizabeth Macquarie Archive

Journal of Arthur Bowes Smyth, 1787 March 22-1789 August 8 [manuscript]., National Library of Australia, MS 4568

Records of Bristol Ships 1800 - 1838

Musters and other papers relating to convict ships. Series CGS 1155, Reels 2417-2428. State Records Authority of New South Wales. Kingswood, New South Wales, Australia

Bassett, M.,1940 The Governor's Lady: Mrs Philip Gidley King, Oxford University Press, London  

Reflections on the colony of New South Wales... / ed. by J.E.B. Currey. [Melb.]:Lansdowne Press

 

 

 

 

 

Free Settler or Felon

 

   

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