At the Battle of Copenhagen in 1801, the Glatton was commanded by
Captain William Bligh, formerly of HMS Bounty. Having spotted a Dutch
frigate manoeuvring to attack HMS Elephant, the flagship of Admiral
Horatio Nelson, Bligh sailed directly into the line of fire and caught
most of the enemy's broadside. The Glatton was severely damaged
but remained afloat; the Elephant was saved.
The Glatton was reported in May 1802 to be fitting up at Chatham
to carry convicts to Botany Bay and bring back masts. Fully fitted, she
arrived at Portsmouth from the Downs on 31 August. The Morning Post
reported in the shipping news of 4th September that she was lying at
Spithead and convicts confined on the hulks at Langston Harbour were to
be embarked on her. The Glatton was reported to have dropped down
to St. Helen's on 14th September 1802.
In correspondence from Lord Pelham to the Treasury, the
Historical Records of Australia reveal some of the clothing that was
sent on the Glatton........Lord Pelham to the Treasury My Lords, Whitehall, 12th
It being judged expedient to send forthwith from
this country four hundred convicts to New South Wales, I am to desire
that your Lordships will be pleased to cause the necessary directions to
be given to the Victualling Board for providing a sufficient and proper
quantity of provisions for their subsistence during the voyage, and
salted beef or pork only for nine months for them after their arrival at
New South Wales. I am also to desire that your Lordships will cause the
necessary directions to be given for providing the 270 male convicts the
particulars of cloathing as undermentioned, to be consigned to the
Governor for the use of such convicts on their arrival at that
settlement, and that the said provisions and cloathing may be put on
board His Majesty's ship Glatton, which is now fitting at Sheerness for
the conveyance of those convicts. It being also intended to allow about
forty persons to embark on board the said ship who are going as settlers
to that colony, I am to desire that directions may be given for
providing the usual quantity of provisions for such number during their
voyage thither. ............ 1 blue jacket or waistcoat, 1 p'r Russian
duck trowsers, 3 checked shirts ,2 pairs of stockings, 1 pair of shoes,
1 woollen cap (1)
The Glatton was the next convict ship to leave
England for New South Wales after the departure of the
Perseus in February 1802
The Glatton departed England on 23 September
1802, sailed via Madeira and Rio de
Janeiro and anchored in Sydney Cove on
11 - 12 March 1803.
Admiralty produced a set of instructions for Captain Colnett -
Whereas we have thought fit that the ship you command shall be employed
on that service, you are, in pursuance of H.M. pleasure signified as
above mentioned, so soon as the convicts whom you have been ordered to
receive shall be embarked, and the said ship in all respects be ready,
hereby required and directed to put to sea and proceed in her to Port
Jackson, in the said colony of NSW accordingly calling in your way
thither at such place or places as you may judge most convenient and
proper for the purpose of obtaining refreshment. You are to victual the
convicts during their continuance on board in the same manner as
convicts are usually victualled and on your arrival at port Jackson to
deliver all the said convicts which may then be with you into the charge
of the Governor. You are to be very careful to keep a sufficient guard
upon the said convicts during the time they may remain on board the ship
you command, so as to prevent the execution of any improper designs
which they may form; and in case it should be requisite on your passage
to New South Wales to provide necessaries for them at any port at which
you may stop, you are to purchase such necessaries, if they can be
procured, and to draw upon te Lords Comm'rs of H.J. Treasury for the
amount thereof. An whereas the Governor of NSW has been instructed to
cause a quantity of timber proper for H.M. service to be cut down and
prepared in order to be sent to England for the use of H.M. Dockyards,
you are hereby further required and directed to receive on board the
ship you command such quantities of the said timber as well as any other
produce of the said colony that may be judged proper to be sent Home as
you can conveniently stow. (Admiralty to Captain James Colnett 2
The previous vessel to arrive in New South Wales
with female prisoners was the
Sydney Gazette reported the arrival of the Glatton -
In her way
the Glatton put into Rio de Janeiro to refresh.
She left England with 270 Male, and 135 Female Prisoners-seven of the
former, and five of the
latter died; She also brought upwards of 30 Free Settlers, Eight Pieces of Heavy
Ordnance, and a quantity of Ordnance Stores. The day before she got into
the Cove 100 weak people were taken out, and put on board the
50 of the most ailing were soon after sent on shore to the General
Hospital, where every attention was paid them. Their complaints were
slightly scorbutic, of which they are recovering very fast. -
Utensils for brewing and hops were also
sent on the Glatton. A brewery
was later set up at Parramatta.
Following are of some of the free
passengers who arrived on the Glatton (not a complete list)......
Rev. Twistleton; assistant
surgeon John Savage with his wife; William Cuddie (Cuddy); Bartholomew Morley;
William Cannop and wife; Jeffrey Bolton and wife; Richard Wall,
and Mary Frederick and three children; John and Ann Stroud;Isaac Knight,
former sergeant of Marines on the First Fleet and wife Elizabeth;
Serjeant Peat and son; Mrs. Jones; Bridget Heath; Frances Jennings; Mr. Bedell; Aaron Birt (Burt).(5)
William White, later a wheelwright at Parramatta came free
There were families of convicts also who arrived free on the Glatton
- Some of those mentioned in the 1811 Muster and/or 1828 Census include
Aaron and Elizabeth Byrne (possibly the same person as Aaron Birt
wife of convict Robert Melville
wife of convict Henry Pickett
Ann Pughwife of convict Samuel Pugh
Martha Hayes daughter of convict Mary Hayes became Lt. John Bowen's
mistress. Martha was described by Joseph Holt in 1805.....I went on
to the next farm, which belonged to a Mr. Hayes, who resided there with
his wife and daughter. They were manufacturers of straw; plaiting it, in
the neatest manner, for the use of ladies. The daughter was a beautiful
girl; she was the prettiest violet that I saw growing at the Derwent.
In 1803 Ensign George Bond
of the New South Wales Corps published A Brief Account of the Colony of
Port Jackson detailing the fate of some female prisoners......
The convict indents for the Glatton includes
only the name of the prisoner, date and place of conviction and
The Glatton departed Port
Jackson bound for England on 17th May
1803 and the London Times
reported that she was on her way to
Leith for the purpose of receiving the
flag of Admiral Bligh. She was to be
stationed as guard ship for the
defence of Leith.
arrived as a prisoner on the Glatton and early Maitland
Richard Martin also.
Find out more about other early settlers in the district
4). Ann Hambleton, Mary Holloway, Grace
Mansell, Letty Manvill, Mary Bumball/Taylor, Mary Coulter and
James Hunt were all granted Certificates of Freedom in 1810.
5). Around 1803 convict artist John William Lancashire
produced the watercolour 'View
of Sydney taken from The Rocks'. The stone bridge of the Tank Stream
is on the extreme right while Government House is centrally located.
This is the layout of Sydney Town as the convicts of the Glatton would
have known it.
6). In 1803 Lieutenant
John Bowen offered his services to form the settlement which King
had previously decided to establish at Risdon Cove, Van Diemen's Land.
He was appointed Commandant and Superintendent. The expedition sailed in June but was damaged and delayed by storm, and
did not finally clear Port Jackson until the end of August, with Bowen
in command of the Albion. He arrived at Risdon Cove on 12 September 1803.
Accompanying Lieutenant Bowen were Mr. Jacob Mountgarret surgeon of the Glatton, Mr. Williams to act as storekeeper
at the settlement (3).
Click on the text below to read the full naval
career of John Bowen......
13). On Thursday week was received into the Castle,
William Simpson, late of Hunflet, in the Borough of Leeds, who was
sentenced for transportation at Leeds Sessions in April last and
escaped from out of that Gaol on the same night along with the
notorious John Williamson, who was also retaken, and lately
transported; the said William Simpson was apprehended at Liverpool
- The York Herald 3 January 1801.
14). The following were sentenced to transportation for seve
years viz. Ann Huddlestone, William Dobby, Charles Glave, and
William Dowse, for divers thefts.
The following convicts have been located in the Hunter Valley