Convict Ship Glatton 1803

 

Select from these Links to find more convict ships

 

 

Follow the Female Convict Trail

 

Embarked: males 270; females 135

Voyage: 169 days

Deaths 12-14

Surgeon's Journal: no

Previous vessel: Atlas arrived 30 October 1802

Next vessel: Rolla arrived 12 May 1803

 

Colonial Events 1803

 

Number of Female convicts embarked in England and Ireland:
 

1800

Minerva - 26

Speedy - 53

 

1801

Anne - 24

Earl Cornwallis - 95

Nile - 96

 

1802

Hercules - 25

Atlas (1) - 28

 

1803

Glatton 130

 

 

 

Captain James Colnett.  Surgeon Jacob B. Mountgarrett.

Midshipman James Hewett  First Officer John Bowen.


At the Battle of Copenhagen in 1801, the Glatton was commanded by Captain William Bligh, formerly of HMS Bounty. Having spotted a Dutch frigate manoeuvring to attack HMS Elephant, the flagship of Admiral Horatio Nelson, Bligh sailed directly into the line of fire and caught most of the enemy's broadside. The Glatton was severely damaged but remained afloat; the Elephant was saved.

The Glatton was reported in May 1802 to be fitting up at Chatham to carry convicts to Botany Bay and bring back masts. Fully fitted, she arrived at Portsmouth from the Downs on 31 August. The Morning Post reported in the shipping news of 4th September that she was lying at Spithead and convicts confined on the hulks at Langston Harbour were to be embarked on her. The Glatton was reported to have dropped down to St. Helen's on 14th September 1802.

In correspondence from Lord Pelham to the Treasury, the Historical Records of Australia reveal some of the clothing that was sent on the Glatton........Lord Pelham to the Treasury My Lords, Whitehall, 12th May, 1802

It being judged expedient to send forthwith from this country four hundred convicts to New South Wales, I am to desire that your Lordships will be pleased to cause the necessary directions to be given to the Victualling Board for providing a sufficient and proper quantity of provisions for their subsistence during the voyage, and salted beef or pork only for nine months for them after their arrival at New South Wales. I am also to desire that your Lordships will cause the necessary directions to be given for providing the 270 male convicts the particulars of cloathing as undermentioned, to be consigned to the Governor for the use of such convicts on their arrival at that settlement, and that the said provisions and cloathing may be put on board His Majesty's ship Glatton, which is now fitting at Sheerness for the conveyance of those convicts. It being also intended to allow about forty persons to embark on board the said ship who are going as settlers to that colony, I am to desire that directions may be given for providing the usual quantity of provisions for such number during their voyage thither. ............ 1 blue jacket or waistcoat, 1 p'r Russian duck trowsers, 3 checked shirts ,2 pairs of stockings, 1 pair of shoes, 1 woollen cap  (1)

The Glatton was the next convict ship to leave England for New South Wales after the departure of the Perseus in February 1802

The Glatton departed England on 23 September 1802, sailed via Madeira and Rio de Janeiro and anchored in Sydney Cove on 11 - 12  March 1803.

The Admiralty produced a set of instructions for Captain Colnett - Whereas we have thought fit that the ship you command shall be employed on that service, you are, in pursuance of H.M. pleasure signified as above mentioned, so soon as the convicts whom you have been ordered to receive shall be embarked, and the said ship in all respects be ready, hereby required and directed to put to sea and proceed in her to Port Jackson, in the said colony of NSW accordingly calling in your way thither at such place or places as you may judge most convenient and proper for the purpose of obtaining refreshment. You are to victual the convicts during their continuance on board in the same manner as convicts are usually victualled and on your arrival at port Jackson to deliver all the said convicts which may then be with you into the charge of the Governor. You are to be very careful to keep a sufficient guard upon the said convicts during the time they may remain on board the ship you command, so as to prevent the execution of any improper designs which they may form; and in case it should be requisite on your passage to New South Wales to provide necessaries for them at any port at which you may stop, you are to purchase such necessaries, if they can be procured, and to draw upon te Lords Comm'rs of H.J. Treasury for the amount thereof. An whereas the Governor of NSW has been instructed to cause a quantity of timber proper for H.M. service to be cut down and prepared in order to be sent to England for the use of H.M. Dockyards, you are hereby further required and directed to receive on board the ship you command such quantities of the said timber as well as any other produce of the said colony that may be judged proper to be sent Home as you can conveniently stow. (Admiralty to Captain James Colnett 2 September 1802. (3)

The previous vessel to arrive in New South Wales with female prisoners was the Atlas

The Sydney Gazette reported the arrival of the Glatton -

In her way the Glatton put into Rio de Janeiro to refresh. She left England with 270 Male, and 135 Female Prisoners-seven of the former, and five of the latter died; She also brought upwards of 30 Free Settlers, Eight Pieces of Heavy Ordnance, and a quantity of Ordnance Stores. The day before she got into the Cove 100 weak people were taken out, and put on board the Supply, 50 of the most ailing were soon after sent on shore to the General Hospital, where every attention was paid them. Their complaints were slightly scorbutic, of which they are recovering very fast. - (4)

Utensils for brewing and hops were also sent on the Glatton. A brewery was later set up at Parramatta.

Following are of some of the free passengers who arrived on the Glatton (not a complete list)...... Rev. Twistleton; assistant surgeon John Savage with his wife; William Cuddie (Cuddy); Bartholomew Morley; William Cannop and wife; Jeffrey Bolton and wife; Richard Wall, tanner; Chris and Mary Frederick and three children; John and Ann Stroud; Isaac Knight, former sergeant of Marines on the First Fleet and wife Elizabeth; Serjeant Peat and son; Mrs. Jones; Bridget Heath; Frances Jennings; Mr. Bedell; Aaron Birt (Burt).(5)

William White, later a wheelwright at Parramatta came free

There were families of convicts also who arrived free on the Glatton - Some of those mentioned in the 1811 Muster and/or 1828 Census include -

Sarah Alcorn, wife of convict Richard Alcorn and their son Edward Alcorn;

Aaron and Elizabeth Byrne (possibly the same person as Aaron Birt above);

Mary Greenshaw;

Elizabeth Melville, wife of convict Robert Melville

Mary Pickett wife of convict Henry Pickett

Ann Pugh wife of convict Samuel Pugh

Isabella Moss

Martha Hayes daughter of convict Mary Hayes became Lt. John Bowen's mistress. Martha was described by Joseph Holt in 1805.....I went on to the next farm, which belonged to a Mr. Hayes, who resided there with his wife and daughter. They were manufacturers of straw; plaiting it, in the neatest manner, for the use of ladies. The daughter was a beautiful girl; she was the prettiest violet that I saw growing at the Derwent. (6)

In 1803 Ensign George Bond of the New South Wales Corps published A Brief Account of the Colony of Port Jackson detailing the fate of some female prisoners......

 

 

The convict indents for the Glatton includes only the name of the prisoner, date and place of conviction and sentence.

The Glatton departed Port Jackson bound for England on 17th May 1803 and the London Times reported that she was on her way to Leith for the purpose of receiving the flag of Admiral Bligh. She was to be stationed as guard ship for the defence of Leith.

ˆ

Notes and Links:

1). Royal Naval Biography; Or, Memoirs of the Services of All the Flag-officers - John Bowen ... By John Marshal.........

 

2). Convict Richard Binder arrived on the Glatton. Richard Binder later held the licence for the Australian Inn in Newcastle.

3). Joseph Onus arrived as a prisoner on the Glatton and early Maitland settler Richard Martin also. Find out more about other early settlers in the district HERE.

4). Ann Hambleton, Mary Holloway, Grace Mansell, Letty Manvill, Mary Bumball/Taylor, Mary Coulter and James Hunt were all granted Certificates of Freedom in 1810.

5). Around 1803 convict artist John William Lancashire produced the watercolour 'View of Sydney taken from The Rocks'. The stone bridge of the Tank Stream is on the extreme right while Government House is centrally located. This is the layout of Sydney Town as the convicts of the Glatton would have known it.

6). In 1803 Lieutenant John Bowen offered his services to form the settlement which King had previously decided to establish at Risdon Cove, Van Diemen's Land. He was appointed Commandant and Superintendent. The expedition sailed in June but was damaged and delayed by storm, and did not finally clear Port Jackson until the end of August, with Bowen in command of the Albion. He arrived at Risdon Cove on 12 September 1803. (2) Accompanying Lieutenant Bowen were Mr. Jacob Mountgarret surgeon of the Glatton, Mr. Williams to act as storekeeper at the settlement (3).

Click on the text below to read the full naval career of John Bowen......

 

7). Find out more about Captain James Colnett at the Canadian Dictionary of Biography Online

8). The Calcutta was also a Royal Navy vessel built by the East India company.

9). Precursor to an exposé on forest trees and timber.... Volume 1 By William Layman....

 

10). Report on the State of the Convicts in Portsmouth Harbour in 1802.......

 

 

11). Report on the Condition of Convicts on board La Fortunée at Langstone Harbour 1802....

 

12). Hunter Valley convicts/passengers arriving on the Glatton

13). On Thursday week was received into the Castle, William Simpson, late of Hunflet, in the Borough of Leeds, who was sentenced for transportation at Leeds Sessions in April last and escaped from out of that Gaol on the same night along with the notorious John Williamson, who was also retaken, and lately transported; the said William Simpson was apprehended at Liverpool - The York Herald 3 January 1801.

14). The following were sentenced to transportation for seve years viz. Ann Huddlestone, William Dobby, Charles Glave, and William Dowse, for divers thefts.

 

The following convicts have been located in the Hunter Valley region.....

Name Convicted Location NSW
Richard Alcorn Middlesex Windsor/Singleton
John Baker Norfolk Newcastle
John Bedder Nottingham Newcastle
Thomas Beddowe Essex Newcastle/Paterson
Richard Binder Northampton Newcastle/Patterson's Plains
Michael Cassidy Middlesex Newcastle
John Dodds Westmoreland Newcastle
Richard Martin Kent Wallis Plains
William McFaddyn Berkshire Newcastle
Robert Melville Perth Broken Bay
Edward Mundy Middlesex Newcastle
Thomas Murray Yorkshire Newcastle
Joseph Onus Kent Patrick Plains/ Richmond
Samuel Pugh Middlesex Wallis Plains
Mary Sandle Somerset Newcastle
Mary Ward London Newcastle
Samuel Whitney Huntingdon Newcastle
     

 

References:

(1) HRA Vol IV page 752

(2) Australian Dictionary of Biography Online

(3) HR NSW., Vol IV, p. 836

(4) Sydney Gazette 19 March 1803

(5) HR NSW., Vol. IV, p. 806

(6) Memoirs of Joseph Holt, General of the Irish rebels in 1798, ed. by T.C. Croker By Joseph Holt

 

ˆ

 

 

 

© Free Settler or Felon

 

   

web counter