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# Surname First Name Ship Date Place Source
77205 Brown Robert Investigator 1802 1804 9 October Newcastle HRA Series 1 vol. V, pp. 420 - 422
  Taking his passage to Newcastle in the 'Resource'. To be given every Assistance and to be victualled from the stores
77206 Brown Robert Investigator 1802 1804 5 November Newcastle HR NSW, Vol. V, King 1803, 1804, 1805. . 482 - 483.
  'Since my return from Van Dieman's Land I have visited Hunter's River and examin'd all the branches as far as a very small boat could proceed. The unfriendly disposition of the natives, who even attacked my boat, rendered it unsafe for me to go far from the banks, or to trace any of the branches above where they are navigable. This excursion added about 50 species of plants to my collection, but in other departments absolutely nothing. For some months past I have not enjoyed good health. I have often been so weak as to be incapable of undertaking any laborious excursion. Caley has just returned successful from one that has been very fatiguing. - Correspondence of Robert Brown to Sir Joseph Banks dated 12 December 1804
167535 Brown Robert Investigator 1802 26 August 1804 Sydney SG
  On Friday arrived the Ocean transport from River Derwent with Lieut. Bowen, late Commandant of the Settlement at Risdon Cove. In the same ship Lieut. Moore with the detachment from the NSW Corps on duty at Risdon Cove, with Mr. Jacob Mountgarrett, Surgeon, Mr. (Robert) Brown, Naturalist and several other persons who composed that settlement
167536 Brown Robert Investigator 1802 24 July 1803 Sydney SG
  Captain Matthew Flinders put the Investigator out of Commission by discharging most of that Ships crrew into the Porpoise for whom room was made by the greater part of the Porpoise's people being discharged the Service at their own request. Dr. Brown, Naturalist, Mr. Bauer Natural History Painter; and Mr. Allen, miner to the Voyage of Discovery the Investigator was employed on, remain in the Colony until it is determined whether another ship is sent to complete the object of the Investigator's voyage
167534 Brown (obit.,) Robert Investigator 1802 1858 England The American Journal of Arts and Science
  III. BOTANY AND ZOOLOGY. 1. Obituary of Robert Brown.—"This distinguished botanist died on Saturday last, [June 12,] at his house in Dean street, Soho, in the eightyfifth year of his age. Though less popularly known as a man of science than many of his contemporaries, those whose studies have enabled them to appreciate the labors of Brown rank him altogether as the foremost scientific man of this century. He takes this position not so much from his extensive observations on the structure and habits of plants, as from the philosophical insight he possessed, and the power he displayed of applying the well-ascertained facts of one case to the explanation of doubtful phenomena in a large series. Till his time botany can scarcely be said to have had a scientific foundation. It consisted of a large number of ill-observed and badly-arranged facts. By the use of the microscope, and the conviction of the necessity of studying the history of the development of the plant in order to ascertain its true structure and relations, Brown changed the face of botany. He gave life and significance to that which had been dull and purposeless. His influence was felt in, every direction—the microscope became a necessary instrument in the hands of the philosophical botanist, and the history of development was the basis on which all improvement in classification was carried on. This influence extended from the vegetable to the animal kingdoms. The researches of Schleiden on the vegetable cell, prompted by the observations of Brown, led to those of Schwann on the animal cell; and we may directly trace the present position of animal physiology to the wonderful influence that the researches of Brown have exerted upon the investigation of the laws of organization. Even in zoology the influence of Brown's researches may be traced in the interest attached to the history of development in all its recent systems of classification. Brown had, in fact, in the beginning of the present century, grasped the great ideas of growth and development, which are now the beacon lights of all research in biological science, whether in the plant or animal world. "But whilst his influence was thus great, his works are not calculated to attract popular attention. They are contained in the transactions of our learned Societies, in the scientific appendices of quarto volumes of voyages and travels, or in Latin descriptions of the orders, genera, and species of plants. The interest taken in these works by his countrymen was never sufficient to secure for them republication, although a collected edition of his works, in five volumes, is well known in Germany. He was of a diffident and retiring disposition, shunning whatever partook of display, and anxious to avoid public observation. Thus it is .that one of our greatest philosophers has passed away without notice, and many will have heard his name for the first time with the announcement of his decease. But for him an undying reputation remains, which must increase as long as the great science of life is studied and understood. "Robert Brown was the son of a Scottish Episcopalian clergyman, and was born at Montrose on the 21st of December, 1773. He was first entered a student at Marischal College, Aberdeen, and afterwards studied medicine at Edinburgh, where he completed his studies in 1793. In the same year has was appointed assistant-surgeon and subaltern in a Scotch Fencible Regiment, which he accompanied to Ireland, and stayed there till the end of 1800. Having through his love of botany made the acquaintance of Sir Joseph Banks, he was through his interest appointed naturalist to Capt. Flinders's Surveying Expedition to New Holland. During this voyage the whole continent of Australia was circumnavigated, many parts of the coast were visited, and eventually the ship in which in the Expedition sailed was condemned as unseaworthy at Port Jackson in 1803. Mr. Brown remained in New Holland, visiting different parts of the colony of New South Wales and Van Diemen's Land, and eventually returned to England in 1805. Australia was then an unexplored mine of botanical wealth. Brown returned with nearly 4,000 species of plants. He was shortly after appointed Librarian to the Linnean Society. Here he quietly examined his plants, and evolved with philosophic caution and patience those views which were destined to produce so extensive and lasting an impression on science. One of his earliest papers was published in the Transactions of the Wemerian Society of Edinburgh, and was devoted to the family of plants called by him 'Asclepiadae.' In this paper the character of mind of the author is well seen. The microscope had been used, the process of development had been watched, a new series of facts important to the laws of reproduction had been discovered, and a new order of plants established. Such was the nature of most of his future communications to the Linnean and Royal Societies. Such was the character of his great work on the plants of New Holland, which he published in the year 1810, with the title 'Prodromus Florae Novae Hollandiae et Insulae Van Diemen.' This work contained not only a description of the plants which he had himself collected in Australia, but also those collected by Sir Joseph Banks during Cook's first voyage. This book abounded in new facts and new orders. It was published as a first volume, but it was never succeeded by a second, as appeared to have been originally intended by the author. At the time this work was published, it was the practice of English botanists to arrange plants according to the .artificial method of Linnaeus, and Brown's 'Prodromus' was tie first English work devoted to a scientific and rational classification of plants. Although the Linnean system of classification survived some time after the publication of this work, it eventually succumbed before those principles of arrangement which were carried out in so masterly a manner by Brown, and the importance of which had been recognized by John Ray and Adanson, and even by Linnaeus himself. "In 1814 Capt. Flinders published a narrative of his voyage, and to this was attached an appendix by Brown, entitled 'General Remarks, Geographical and Systematical, on the Botany of Terra Australis.' In subsequent years several important papers appeared in the Transactions of the Linnean Society. Amongst others may be named, 'On the Natural Order of Plants called Proteacae,'—'Observations on the Natural Family of Plants called Composites' (vol. xii),—'An account of a New Genus of Plants called Rafflesia' (vol. xiii). In 1828 he published in a separate form 'A Brief Account of Microscopical Observations on the Particles contained in the Pollen of Plants, and on the general existence of active Molecules in Organic and Inorganic Bodies.' These movements, the full import of which is at present not understood, he was the first to point out, and draw attention to their importance. On the Continent it is the custom to allude to this phenomenon as the 'Brunonian movement.' He is the author also of the botanical appendices attached to the accounts of the voyages of Ross and Parry to the Arctic Regions, of Tuckey's expedition to the Congo, and of Oudney, Denham, and Clapperton's explorations in Central Africa. Assisted by Mr. Bennett, he has also described the rarer plants collected by Dr. Horsfield during his residence in Java. "After the death of Dryander in 1810, Dr. Brown received the charge of the library and collections of Sir Joseph Banks, who bequeathed them to him for lite. They were afterwards, by his permission, transferred to the British Museum in 1827, and he was appointed Keeper ofsBotany in that Institution. In 1811 he became a Fellow of the Royal Society, and has several times been elected on the Council of that body. In 1832 he received the degree of D.C.L. from the University of Oxford. In 1833 he was elected one of the eight Foreign Associates of the French Academy of Science. In 1839 the Royal Society awarded him their Copley medal for his discoveries during a series of years ' On the subject of Vegetable impregnation.' In 1849 he was elected President of the Linnean Society, a post from which he retired in 1853. During the administration of Sir Robert Peel he received a pension of 200Z., as a recognition of his scientific merits. He also received the decoration of the highest Prussian civil order, 'Pour le Merite,' of which his friend and survivor at the age of eighty-eight, the Baron von Humboldt, is Chancellor. Humboldt long since called him 'Botanicorum facile Princeps,' a title to which all scientific botanists readily admitted his undisputed claim. "He died surrounded by his collections in the room which had formerly been the library of Sir Joseph Banks. In private, Dr. Brown was greatly admired by a large circle of attached friends for the singular soundness of his judgment, the simplicity of his habits, and the kindness of his disposition. He was buried on the 15th inst. at the cemetery at Kensal Green, when his funeral was attended by a large body of his scientific and personal friends."—The [London] AtJtenceum, June, 1858.
169404 Brown (obit.,) Robert Investigator 1802 1858 Buried at Kensal Green The Edinburgh New Philosophical Journal:
  On the death of Sir Joseph Banks in 1823, Brown became, by his will, the possessor of the Banksian Herbarium for life (after which it was to pass to the British Museum), together with the remainder of the lease of Sir Joseph Bank's house in Soho Square, which had become the centre of London scientific society. Brown offered the Herbarium to the British Museum, on the condition that he should be appointed keeper, with a suitable salary, which offer was accepted. The Banksian Herbarium forms the most valuable part of the General Herbarium at the British Museum. He continued until his death to occupy that portion of, the house in Soho Square which looked into Dean Street, the remaining portion being let by him to the Linnean Society until the expiry of the lease, soon after which the Society removed to Burlington House, where apartments have been assigned to it by Government, as also to the Royal and the Chemical Societies. His interest in the progress of science, and especially in the Royal and Linnean Societies, continued unabated to the last; and his wonderful and almost unique powers of mind, his memory and his sagacity, remained wholly unimpaired till the very day of his decease. In the spring of this year he was attacked with bronchitis, from which he recovered, but which left him for some weeks in a very enfeebled state. Dropsy and loss of appetite supervened, under which he gradually sunk, suffering little pain, perfectly conscious of his condition, and retaining to the end his singularly placid demeanour, his affectionate interest in all who were dear to him, and a most tranquil and peaceful frame of mind. He died at the age of 83, surrounded by his collections, in the room which had previously been the library of Sir Joseph Banks. He was buried on 15th June in the cemetery at Kensal Green, and his funeral was attended by a large body of his scientific and personal friends. There are few men among us who, with an equal claim upon the gratitude of their fellow-countrymen, enjoyed less popularity, or obtained less consideration on the part of society in general, than the deceased. Beyond the narrow circle of scientific men his illustrious name was, and is, almost unknown in Great Britain; but go wherever you will on the continent of Europe, or the remotest corners of the globe where science is cultivated, and you will discover a familiarity with his writings and researches truly astonishing. Foreigners have often expressed their surprise on finding how little we seemed to appreciate this great naturalist; but the fact of the matter was, the deceased neither seemed to care to enjoy popularity, nor did he care to avail himself of all those well-known means by which people bring themselves into public notice. If at all ambitious of fame, he trusted to the more lasting immortality.