Convict Ship Albion 1827
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Norfolk Island and Van Diemen's Land between the years 1788 and 1850.
|Embarked 192 men
Voyage 133 days
Surgeon's Journal - No
Previous vessel: Brothers
arrived 2 February 1827
Midas arrived 15 February 1827
Captain James Ralph
Dr. Walker (or Walk)
|The Albion transported prisoners to Van
Diemen's Land in 1823 and
to New South Wales in 1827 and
to be embarked on the Albion came from counties throughout
England and Scotland. Some of the prisoners who were transferred
from the Retribution hulk at Woolwich to the Albion on
the 16th September included James Atherton, Richard Leeming, William
Mitchell, John Greenwood, John Shuttleworth, Richard Pennington,
Thomas Percival, Joseph Hart, John Badger, Thomas Palmer, John
Linforth, Henry Bullock, William Bowes, Thomas Throp, Henry Pope,
William Bairstow, William Bagnall, Edward Sugden, Thomas Clegg,
Charles Jebson, Francis Fenwick and William Grayson.
reported in the London Morning Post on 20th September 1826
that a detachment of the 39th regiment was ordered to embark at
Sheerness as Guard on the Albion. The Guard was under
orders of Capt. Francis Crotty
of the 39th. Assistant Surgeon James Evans of 57th regiment came
Select here to find other convict ships
bringing detachments of the 39th regiment to New South Wales.
The Albion departed Portsmouth on 4th October 1826 and
arrived in Port Jackson on a warm pleasant day - 14th February 1827.
The men were mustered on board the ship on 17th February by the
Colonial Secretary. The indents include prisoners' name, age,
education, religion, marital status, family, native place, trade,
offence, when & where tried, sentence, prior convictions, place/to
whom assigned and occasional information of colonial sentences and
tickets of leave.
The Australian reported on 1st March:
The male prisoners from the Albion were landed yesterday forenoon.
Those which arrived by the Midas will be landed this morning. The
whole of the prisoners are ordered for distribution. There are but
few mechanics among them. They are for the most part labouring men.
This was an interesting assessment by the editor of the newspaper
for while there were many farmer's men, ploughmen, errand boys,
shepherds and labourers there were also quite a number of skilled
workers. Some of the following are the occupations they gave
....brassfounder, blacksmith, whitesmith, cabinet maker,
paper maker, stonemason, brazier, plumber, butcher, cork cutter,
table knife cutler, tallow chandler, foundry and steam engine worker
and sugar baker. Quite a few had also worked in the textile industry
- stocking weavers, a needle bobbin maker, button makers, cotton
spinners, cotton weavers, calico printers, ribbon weaver, cloth
weaver, carpet weaver, leg horn hat presser, frame worker, horse
hair manufacturer, silk dresser and fustian cutter. Despite these
varied occupations, unless they had a particular skill such as John
Fordham, a printer's compositor who was assigned directly to Robert
Howe at the Sydney Gazette, they were likely to be assigned
to settlers to work as agricultural labourers and shepherds. Several
were assigned to John Pike and
Col. Henry Dumaresq in the Hunter
Valley, to Standish Lawrence Harris near Maitland and to
Davis near Paterson.
Several were assigned to the
Agricultural Company.....John Dodd, John Dunnivan, Thomas Harrison,
Henry Horton, Thomas Leeson, John Linforth, Peter Lomax, John
Mathieson, William Maulden, John McGraghe, John McNichol, John
Murphy, Joseph Perara, Charles Simpson, John Tipping and Thomas
Williams. The Company's holdings were in the
Port Stephens district
at this time. They did not expand north to the Liverpool Plains
until the 1830s and their Newcastle coal mine wasn't operating until
1831, so the men who were assigned would probably have been employed
as shepherds and agricultural workers on the Port Stephens land.
From the Sydney Gazette - 'There is a considerable number of
young delinquents on board the Albion. On an inspection of the
prisoners, which took place on Thursday last, by the Honorable Mr.
McLeay, one precocious youth, in particular, of not more than 14
years of age, as he, himself stated, was asked, amongst other
questions, how often he had been tried. He replied, four times!
"What trade are you?" was the next interrogatory. He had not been
taught any. "What were you brought up to?" said Mr. McLeay. "To
thieving your Honour!"
The youngest prisoner on the
Albion was John Brelsford a thirteen year old errand boy from
Liverpool who was tried in Lancaster and sentenced to 7 years
transportation for stealing in a dwelling house. He was 4ft 1" in
height when he arrived and grew to be 5ft 5in. In 1830 he had three
years added to his sentence for robbing a hut at Sutton Forest. He
was sent to Cockatoo Island where he was to remain until he became
free which would not be until June 1845.
Other boys who were
transported on the Albion included Thomas Kent who was
tried in Hertford and was 15; John McGregor from Edinburgh was 16;
Henry Moir from London was 15; Thomas Percival from Lancaster was
16; James Thomas from London was 16; John Wilday from Warwick was
15. They were all sent to the
Carter's Barracks on arrival.
showing the location of Carter's Barracks
departed the colony on 29th March bound for Batavia via Hobart
lading eight casks of sea elephant oil, 100 chests of tea and an
organ for St. John's Church, Launceston, Passengers D.A.C.G. Wemyss,
Mrs Wemyss & servant, Ensign Lewis and Charles Cowper.
Albion returned to Sydney from Hobart on 12th May with
sheep, potatoes, wool, kangaroo skins and passengers including
D.A.C.G. Wymss, Charles Cowper, Captain Dumaresq, Mr. Flahety, Mr.
Townsend, Dr. Tytler and son, Mr. Day and steerage passengers.
Notes & Links:
1). The Albion
was built at Bristol in 1813.......
East India Company Ships
2). James Frazer arrived on the
Albion. With the aid of another prisoner, he escaped from the
colony. The Sydney Gazette reported on 28 February 1833.....Charles
Robert Kelly, a prisoner of the crown, and one of the crew of the
Custom House Boats, was brought before the Worships charged with
having aided and assisted in the escape from the Colony of James
Frazer, a prisoner of the Crown for life who held a ticket of
exemption for the last eighteen months Several witnesses were called
whose evidence went to show that there had been some slight intimacy
between the prisoners and Frazer, and that he had represented Frazer
to be free. Mr. Raymond gave the prisoner a good character for
activity and general good conduct and had known him to refuse money
in similar transactions. Their Worships intimating to the prisoner
that the evidence had been insufficient to commit him, he was
discharged. James Frazer was apprehended in London in 1833 and
again sentenced to transportation, this time for life for escaping.
He arrived back in the colony on the
Fairlie in 1834. In November
1836.....Our readers may remember that a prisoner of the crown
for life named James Frazer, some years since very coolly went to
the Custom House, and cleared himself as a passenger for London by a
ship then on the point of sailing; he reached London in safety, but
was captured a few days afterwards coming out of his mother's house,
when, a good round sum of money was found upon him. He was again
convicted of returning before the expiration of his sentence, and
forwarded to this Colony. When he absconded he was considerably
indebted to several merchants, he carrying on the business of a
general dealer, the Government have now come to the equitable
conclusion that the . money found upon him when apprehended in
London shall be fully divided as far as may be practicable among his
creditors. ' (Sydney Gazette 1 November 1836)
3). Several prisoners had been tried in
Scotland - Robert Hall from Edinburgh was first transported to VDL
on the Atlas in 1816. He was re-transported on the Albion in 1827.
He died in Sydney Hospital in 1834.
4). Other prisoners
tried in Scotland (some gave their native place as Ireland) included
George Dodds, Charles Lamard ; Duncan McCarthur; John McGregor;
David Malligan; John Mathieson; Andrew Marten; Thomas McKenna; Denis
Murphy; Trafalgar Neilson McPherson; Charles O'Neil; David Robertson
and John Stoddart
to find Albion
prisoners / passengers who later resided in the Hunter Valley.
6). Seventeen convict ships arrived in New South Wales in
1827 - Grenada,
Brothers (F), Albion,
Marquis of Hastings,
and the Louisa
Cashel Crotty - Deaths - On the 29th of May last at Abele Grove,
Epsom, the residence of his brother in law the Rev. J. Wellings,
Francis Cashel Crotty, Esq., Major of His Majesty's 39th Regiment of
Foot, quartered at Bangalore, Madras, whence he returned by the ship
Wellington. - Sydney Gazette 30 October 1834
8). Return of Convicts of the Albion assigned between
1st January 1832 and 31st March 1832 (Sydney Gazette 14 June
1832; 21 June 1832; 28 June 1832).....
||Painter and glazier assigned to J.B. Bettington at
||Factory boy assigned to Thomas Bray
||Bricklayer assigned to R. lambert
||Silk dresser assigned to Donald
McLeod at Argyle
||Bargeman assigned to Major Rhode at
Convict ships bringing detachments of the
39th regiment included the
William Sacheverell Coke
|Downs 6 May
|Cork 29 June
Thomas Edward Wright
Henry Clarence Scarman
George Meares Bowen
Countess of Harcourt
Quarter-master Benjamin Lloyd
|Dublin 2 June
|London 3 June
9) 39th Regiment.........
The Monitor 17 February 1827