Convict Ship Mariner 1827
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below to find information about Convict Ships arriving in New South Wales,
Norfolk Island and Van Diemen's Land between the years 1788 and 1850.
Embarked: 160 men
Voyage: 129 days
Surgeon's Journal: yes
vessel: Midas arrived 15 February
Countess of Harcourt arrived 28 June 1827
Captain Robert Nosworthy
Follow the Irish
Convict Ship Trail
was the next convict ship to leave Ireland after the departure of
in October 1826.
Patrick McTernan was appointed as Surgeon
Superintendent on the Mariner in November 1826. This was
his first appointment to a convict ship. He kept a Medical Journal
from 3rd November 1826 to 5 June 1827 in which he recorded a daily
weather report for the entire voyage.
He also included a
Hospital Diet Table including a Full Diet, Half Diet, Low Diet and
Fever diet. There was not even one case of scurvy. Apart from the
cases in his sick list another hundred were treated with medicine
from the hospital....indeed such was the mania amongst the
prisoners for taking medicine that very often mornings passed over
with ten or a dozen applicants besides those who were on the list,
some requiring purgatives others emetics and but almost all
sincerely complaining of 'the load at the heart' which was always
relieved by an emetic or two.
departed Cork on 14 January 1827 and sailed via the Cape of Good
Hope where about a dozen prisoners who had been convicted of crimes
at the Cape were embarked. Several of these were soldiers who were
assigned to the Engineers Department on arrival in New South Wales.
The Mariner departed the Cape on 28 March 1827 and
arrived in Port Jackson 23 May 1827, a voyage of 129 days in all.
The Guard comprised a detachment of the 39th Regiment of
Infantry under command of Captain Charles Sturt. They embarked on
the 21st November 1826 at Chatham. Some of the soldiers of the Guard
mentioned in the Surgeon's journal included Private John Iverson,
Private Patrick Trainor and Sergeant Smith.
When the Guard
were landed on 24th May, they marched through George Street, Sydney
to their quarters at noon with drums beating and fifes playing.
Select here to find other convict ships
bringing detachments of the 39th regiment to New South Wales.
Nineteen prisoners were assigned to the
Agricultural Company - William Barry, Thomas Brett, Thomas
Casey, Charles Connor, Owen Cronen, Patrick Cronen, Denis Crowley,
William Cummins, Michael Davitt, James Donahee, Daniel Donaghue,
Daniel Donovan, John Dwyer, Robert Hodnett, John McCaffrey, Patrick
McGarry, John Nash, Patrick Power and Matthew Rooney. This was
before the Company took over the coal mines at Newcastle and these
men were probably assigned to work as shepherds and agricultural
workers at Port Stephens.
Six years later the Company exchanged the Port Stephens grant for
land on the Liverpool Plains and some of the men were sent to work
Thomas Casey was reported to have been murdered by aborigines
at the Peel River in 1839.
Other prisoners were assigned
to private settlers - Matthew Boland, Thomas Collins and Michael
Kennelly were assigned to Beresford
Hudson at Hillsborough; William Cosgrove, Daniel Fallen and
James Kelly were assigned to work for John
Busby and James Buckley, Thomas Burke, James Hely and Gabriel
Russell were assigned to work for
Thomas Horton James.
Patrick McTernan was also
employed as surgeon on the convict ships Manlius to Van
Diemen's Land in 1828,
Stewart Forbes in 1830 and the
Notes & Links:
1). The three
youngest prisoners on the Mariner were all aged 14. - James
Cullen was assigned to the Australian Agricultural Company; Edmund
Eager to Lieutenant Warner at Portland Head; Edward Mahoney to the
2). Jeremiah Murphy and Thomas
Cunningham died on the voyage.
3). John Murphy age 36 from
Cork was transported again on the
Elphinstone in 1838.
Hunter Valley convicts / passengers arriving on the Mariner in 1827
Seventeen convict ships arrived in New South Wales in 1827 - Grenada,
Marquis of Hastings,
and the Louisa
6). Return of Convicts of the
Mariner assigned between 1st January 1832 and 31st March
1832 (Sydney Gazette 14 June 1832; 21 June 1832).....
||Gardener assigned to William
Hutchinson at Sydney
||Top sawyer assigned to
James Glennie at Darlington
||Blacksmith assigned to Dr Wardell
||Blacksmith assigned to J.E.
||Labourer assigned to Andrew Taylor
|Edmond or Thomas Eager
||Shoemaker assigned to Rev. R.
Cartwright at Liverpool
|Edmond or Thomas Eager
||Shoemaker assigned to John Dickson
at the Steam engine
Convict ships bringing detachments of the 39th regiment included the
William Sacheverell Coke
|Downs 6 May
|Cork 29 June
Thomas Edward Wright
Henry Clarence Scarman
George Meares Bowen
Countess of Harcourt
Quarter-master Benjamin Lloyd
|Dublin 2 June
|London 3 June
8). Captain Charles Sturt
became one of Australia's most famous explorers. He was the first to
chart the Murray River.
Following is an extract from Charles Sturt - His Life and
Journeys of Exploration. By J. H. L. Cumpston -
Project Gutenberg describing Charles Sturt's early life
and his arrival in New South Wales on the Mariner.........
About the middle of May 1827 the ship Mariner was forging
eastward with long lunges driven by a strong cold wind under
a wet dead sky: no one on board without previous knowledge
would have guessed that the bright land of their new life
was then to the north of them.
Standing by the port
rail of the quarterdeck was one man who knew it; and whose
memories and forebodings were stirred by the knowledge. For
him the warm sunlight of Cape Town was fading to a pleasant
dream, the sullen rollers a depressing illusion of
immobility and desolation, and the solitary albatross a
symbol of life spent in ceaseless movement with an uncertain
goal and an unknown destiny.
These things affected
his thoughts and produced a mental depression which was to
recur more than once in later life.
He was a
professional soldier--a captain of the 39th Regiment of
Foot--and as he looked back to the west he reviewed the past
and all that he was leaving. His career as a soldier began
when, at the age of eighteen years, he had, through the
patronage of the Prince Regent, been gazetted ensign in the
39th Regiment. Service in the Pyrenees against the French
was followed by service in Canada against the Americans,
soon ended by the hurried recall of the regiment after
Napoleon's escape from Elba. As they arrived in France after
Waterloo the regiment served as part of the army of
occupation in France until the end of 1818.
had, therefore, five years of varied experience--the first
two on service under active warfare conditions, the last
three on garrison duty.
From 1818 to 1825 the
regiment was on duty in Ireland, without incident especially
affecting his personal career but involving long delay in
military promotion. He was twenty-eight years old when he,
at last, became Lieutenant; and, at thirty, he became
Captain. Then, removed from Ireland to Chatham, he was sent
in charge of a detachment of the regiment as guard over
convicts on this present voyage to New South Wales, which
had begun in December, 1826.
He remembered his
boyhood and his family life. He could barely remember his
childhood in India as he had been, in his fifth year, sent
with his elder sister to England to live with their mother's
sisters. A happy childhood lasted until his fifteenth year
when,, on his parents' return to England, he was sent to
Harrow. Memories of his happy days with his uncle Charles,
who taught him the management of small boats; with his
sister Susan, with his cousin Isaac Wood, were clouded by
the unhappiness and misfortunes of his father, Napier Sturt.
Napier Sturt was a judge in Bengal under the East
India Company, and it was shortly after his marriage that
the prospects of easy wealth, which was the main attraction
to India, had been greatly reduced by the impeachment of
Warren Hastings. His second son, Charles, was born on 28th
April, 1795, in the, very month of Hastings' acquittal.
A large family--there were eight
sons--unsuccessful speculation, failure of an Indian bank,
gravely affected the economic position of the family and
saddened the family life.
He remembered with quiet
satisfaction that in respect of family and ancestry he was,
in the standard of those times, of "good birth." The Sturts
and the Napiers were Dorsetshire county families of
standing. But he remembered that his grandmother was a
confirmed gambler for high stakes and that all her fifteen
children, including his own father, were distinguished for
good looks, fine manners, and the fatal habit of being in
All this passed through his mind as he stood
there. He, a soldier without influence, for whom promotion
had already been very slow, was posted on service in a
lonely outpost at a time when there seemed no possibility of
war, with its chances of quick promotion, and no prospect of
promotion otherwise. He was in his thirty-third year, with
no hope of marriage on his pay. And he had already in his
mind prejudged and condemned this new country which, as yet,
he still could not see--he condemned it because of the
uninteresting nature of the military service there; and
because of the character of the population--the majority
He admitted later that these
prejudices were formed in complete ignorance of the real
conditions, but his depression as he shivered in his great
coat was real enough.
The master of the ship,
sensing this, came over from the other side of the deck and
told him that within the next few days they would have
turned the corner and would be moving northward into, if the
glass did not lie, calmer seas and warmer weather. And so it
was; within a few days the ship was moving northwards under
full sail driven by a southerly breeze, yielding easily to
the gentle Pacific swell, and the young army officer, well
forward on the forecastle deck, enjoying the warm sun, was
examining all that he could see of this new country.
Behind the flat, heavily-timbered coast were the ranges,
sometimes coming down to the sea, sometimes very distant,
but always dominating the landscape. No one on board could
tell him what was behind the ranges, but he wondered with
that wonder which was to be the consuming passion of his
life. For two or three days the weather remained bright and
fresh, but, on the morning of 23rd May* the wind changed to
a light north-easterly breeze, and on a crisp bright autumn
morning the ship turned in between South Head with its
Macquarie Tower and the bold, flat face of North Head. The
ship moved gently up the Harbour, taking in sail after sail
until she came to anchor in Sydney Cove, and Charles Sturt
came to the country which was to be his home for twenty-six
years, and his major interest for life. With him came his
faithful soldier-servant Joseph Harris, who "would never
(* Both Mrs. Sturt and Sturt himself
give other dates; but this date is correct.) (** See
Appendix D, Note 1.)
Sturt wrote of his own feeling
on this occasion: [1-1]"With mingled feelings I gazed for
the first time on the bold cliffs at the entrance to Port
Jackson, nor did I anticipate anything equal to the scene as
we sailed up that noble and extensive basin. The fact was, I
had not conceived, from anything I had read or heard that,
in that remote region, so extensive a town could have been
reared in so brief a period. It is the very triumph of human
skill and industry over Nature. [1-1. Life p.22.]
"In a climate so soft that man scarcely requires a dwelling,
and so enchanting that few have left it but with regret, the
spirits must needs be acted upon, and the heart feel
lighter. Such, indeed, I have myself found to be the case;
nor have I ever been happier than when roving through the
woods or wandering along one of the silent and beautiful
bays for which the harbour of Port Jackson is celebrated."
He never lost this admiration and affection for
This young man, whose name will be always
part of Australian history, was 5 feet 10¾ inches in height,
and had brown hair, bright blue eyes, an aquiline nose, and
sensitive, rather humorous mouth. .....Title: Charles Sturt
- His Life and Journeys of Exploration Author: J. H. L.