Embarked 200 men
Voyage 121 days
Surgeon's Journal - Yes
vessel: England arrived 18
Next vessel: Speke
arrived 26 November 1826
Captain William L. Pope
Follow the Irish Convict Ship Trail
prisoners to be embarked on the Boyne in 1826 had come from
counties throughout Ireland.
Many were tried in March and
April 1826, however some had been held for much longer. Among their
number were petty thieves, murderers and rapists.
also men who had been convicted of administering unlawful oaths.
Seven of these came from Co. Longford - James Dooley, Christopher
Finley, Michael Jordan, Fergus McGarry, James Shanley and brothers
John and Edward Fitzsimmons. After being transferred from county
gaols, some of the prisoners may have been held in the depot at Cork
prior to transportation...... ...
of Commons 1826)
The Guard on the Boyne consisted
of Captain Thomas Edward Wright of 39th Regiment, Lieut. Barr and
Ensign McDonald (of 3rd Reg), 2 sergeants, & 50 rank and file of
39th and 2 rank & file of the Buffs. They embarked on the Boyne
in London on 31st May 1825. Two of the Guard who were later
treated by the surgeon were Sergeant John McGuire and Peter Casey.
Select here to find other convict ships
bringing detachments of the 39th regiment to New South Wales.
The Boyne sailed from London bound for Cork on the 6th
June 1826. Two hundred prisoners were embarked at Cork. One man,
Thomas or John Cunningham was sent back to shore too ill to make the
voyage. The Boyne departed Cork on 29 June 1826. On
the passage she put into Rio de Janeiro to be refitted after being
de-masted at sea.
This was Harman Cochrane's third voyage
as surgeon superintendent on a convict ship. The first two
transports he was employed on carried female prisoners - the
Mary in 1823 and
the Mariner in
1825. On this voyage of the Boyne he kept a Medical Journal
from 13 May 1826 to 28 November........
He attributed the low
death rate and exemption from serious disease to the strictest order
of regularity, cleanliness and dryness and good ventilation. He
noted that their conduct was good and he seldom found it necessary
to confine any of them below deck. They mostly had free access to
the upper deck from morning to night and he thought this contributed
to the preservation of their health and spirits.
of illness including both soldiers and convicts were noted in his
journal, including the following......
John Hennessy was treated
on 11th July and John Madden also on 11th July suffering from sea
John McFarlane and Bryan McCormick were both treated
Daniel Connor suffered with an asthmatic illness
in September and
Daniel Gleeson was treated for pains in his
legs which began when the weather turned cold in September. He had
been confined to his bed for most of the two years he had been in
prison in Ireland. It may have been Daniel Gleeson that The
Australian later referred to .........Deaf and dumb
prisoners are occasionally ordered off on a transportation voyage;
but we never knew of a cripple like one, who, it is said, has
arrived per Boyne, have his passage paid by his country, and for
such a reason too; for sheep stealing. This cripple walks on his
hands and knees. (1)
The Boyne arrived in
Port Jackson on Saturday 28 October 1826 after a voyage of 121 days.
The convicts were mustered on board by Colonial Secretary Alexander
McLeay on 2nd November 1826. The Monitor remarked that the
detention of the prisoners of the Boyne was protracted
because they were awaiting arrangements to be made for the immediate
assignment of all of the prisoners*. They were not landed until
early in the morning on 10th November when they were inspected by
the Governor and were reported to be clean and healthy.
The convict indents reveal the name, age, education, religion,
marital status, family, occupation, offence, when and where tried
and physical description. Most entries give the information as to
where the men were assigned on arrival. Also included is occasional
information such as colonial sentences, deaths and relatives already
in the colony.
Five of the prisoners were under the age of
sixteen - Patrick Cuffey (15); Timothy Hennesy (15); John Ledy (16);
Owen McNalty (16); and John Ryan (16). No place of assignment was
recorded for these boys in the indents and they were probably sent
Carter's Barracks on arrival.
The Boyne was
advertised to be intending to leave in November 1826....For
London via China, the fine teak built ship the Boyne commanded by
W.L. Pope; has superior accommodation in a very roomy poop, for two
Notes & Links:
Convict Ships bringing Political
Prisoners and Protesters
2). National Archives UK -
619 tons. Principal Managing Owner: George Green. Voyages: (1)
1825/6 New South Wales and China. Cork 29 Jun 1826 - New South Wales
- Whampoa 1 Mar 1827 - 29 Jun St Helena - 11 Sep Blackwall.
3). Harman Cochrane was later employed as surgeon on the convict
ship Mangles in 1828
4). Find out more about convict Patrick Cuffe who was executed in 1838
Hunter Valley convicts and passengers arriving on the Boyne in 1826
Eleven convict ships brought prisoners to New South Wales in
Marquis of Hastings,
Boyne, Speke and
7). Anthony Ryan, a father of four and his son John both
from Queens County but tried in Kilkenny, were assigned to
at Lake Macquarie. Anthony Ryan died at Lake Macquarie in 1828/1829.
8). Return of Convicts of the
Boyne assigned between 1st January 1832 and 31st March
1832 (Sydney Gazette 14 June 1832; 21 June 1832; 28 June
1832; 5 July 1832).....
||Quarryman assigned to William Long
||Carman assigned to William
Johnstone at Bathurst
||Pedlar assigned to William
O'Donnell at Maitland
||Farm man assigned to John Leak at
||Farm labourer assigned to Roger
Connor at Wilberforce
||Glover assigned to Sydney Stephen
||Slater and setter assigned to L.
Macalister at Argyle
||Farm labourer. Assigned to Joseph
Morley at Sydney
Convict ships bringing detachments of the
39th regiment included the
William Sacheverell Coke
|Downs 6 May
|Cork 29 June
Thomas Edward Wright
Henry Clarence Scarman
George Meares Bowen
Countess of Harcourt
Quarter-master Benjamin Lloyd
|Dublin 2 June
|London 3 June
Captain Thomas Edward Wright
served as Commandant at Norfolk Island in 1827 and 1828. He was
attacked there by convict
Patrick Clynch ......
(1) The Australian 4
*The Monitor 10 November 1826