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Convict Ship Medina 1823

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(Convicts and passengers from this ship only)


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Select from the Links below to find information about Convict Ships arriving in New South Wales, Norfolk Island and Van Diemen's Land between the years 1788 and 1850

A B C D E F G H I
                 
J -K L M N - O P - Q R S T - V W - Y




Embarked: 177 men
Voyage: 115 days
Deaths: 1
Surgeon's Journal: yes
Previous voyage: Isabella arrived 16 December 1823
Next voyage: Castle Forbes arrived 15 January 1824
Captain Robert Brown
Surgeon Superintendent John Rodmell

Follow the Irish Convict Ship Trail


The Medina was the next vessel to leave Ireland bound for New South Wales after the departure of the Isabella in August 1823.

On 19th July 1823 when surgeon John Rodmell joined the Medina at Deptford carpenters from the dockyard were still employed fitting up the prisoners for the reception of the prisoners.

John Rodmell kept a Medical Journal from 19th July 1823 to 16 January 1824. On the 30 July the ship was reported ready to sail.

A detachment of the 40th regiment were embarked consisting of Lieutenant Frederick Charles Ganning; one ensign; assistant surgeon Coleman; one sergeant, two corporals; 31 privates; 4 women and 5 children. The 40th had been serving in Ireland.
 
Following is an excerpt from  Historical Records of the 40th (2nd Somersetshire) Regiment By Raymond Henry Raymond Smythies listing the ships that brought detachments of the 40th regiment to New South Wales in 1823 and 1824..........

Early in March 1823, the commanding officer, Lieutenant-Colonel Thornton received an intimation that it was intended to send the regiment to New South Wales. In the meantime it was ordered to proceed to Dublin, thence by sea to Liverpool, and after that by road to Chatham, in order to form guards for convict ships when required.
 
The head quarters reached Dublin on 15th March and occupied the Royal Barracks. On the 30th the whole regiment embarked at Pigeon House, in eight small vessels, and reached Liverpool the following day.

A twenty eight days' march, including three Sundays, brought the regiment to Chatham. The Regiment marched in three divisions; the first arrived at Chatham on 21st April; the second, consisting of two companies, halted, and remained at Deptford; and the 3rd reached Chatham on 23rd April.

During the next year the 40th was sent out, in small detachments, as guards on board convict ships to Australia. This was after several years' rough service in Ireland, and but a short period of rest in England........

Embarkation Command Ship  
25th April 1823Lieutenant Lowe Albion  
5th July 1823 Captain Bishop Asia
10th July 1823 Lieutenant Millar Isabella  
18th July 1823 Captain Hibbert Sir Godfrey Wilestoe  
29 July 1823 Captain Thornhill Guildford  
31st July 1823 Lieutenant Ganning Medina  
5 August 1823 Lt.- Col. Balfour Castle Forbes  
29 December 1823 Captain Stewart Prince Regent  
5th February 1824 Captain Jebb Chapman  
25 February 1824 Captain Morow Countess of Harcourt  
14 June 1824 Lt.- Col Thornton Mangles  
14 June 1824 Lieut Neilley Princess Charlotte  


Other ships bringing detachments of the 40th regiment included the Minerva and Ann & Amelia. Passengers included Lieut. Futter, R.N., and Mrs. Futter.

On the 6 August they cast off from the Hulk and made sail down the river. At 3.30 pm they came to  anchor at Gravesend and on the 8th August at 10 am, they departed from there. On the 9th August, at 11am they weighed anchor and made all sail for the Downs. They had received on board 3 boats with rigging for the use of the Preventative Service in Ireland. They departed the Downs and made their way to Cork, arriving there 26 August. br>
The following day they received on board 180 male prisoners. The men came from districts throughout Ireland - Sligo, Clare, Leitrim, Tipperary, Waterford, Westmeath, Galway etc and were probably held in one of the hulks in Cork Harbour while the Medina was being fitted up at Deptford. Some of the men had been tried under the Insurrection Acts. Two days before their departure from Cork three of the convicts were taken off the vessel. It was intended to replace them, however the Medina's stay in Cork was short and so the final number that embarked was 177 men.

On the 5 September they got under way from the Cove of Cork and made all sail for Port Jackson where they arrived on 29 December 1823 .

The men were mustered on board before being landed. The indents include such information as name, age, when and where convicted, sentence, native place, trade, physical description. There is also occasional information about tickets of leave and colonial sentences. The prisoners were landed on Tuesday morning 6th January and underwent the usual inspection by the Governor Sir Thomas Brisbane who had arrived in Sydney the previous evening from Parramatta. The prisoners expressed their gratitude for the kind treatment met with during the voyage.

Correspondence in the Colonial Secretary's Papers reveal that 122 of the men were forwarded to Parramatta. Twenty seven of those men were to be assigned to the Parramatta area and the remaining 95 were to be forwarded to the interior district. Another forty men were to be sent to the Liverpool district. Others were sent to Bringelly, Airds, Windsor, Penrith, Emu Plains and Bathurst.  


Notes & Links:

1). Twenty four prisoners of the Medina have been identified residing in the Hunter Valley region in the following years. Select HERE to find out more about these men. Some were assigned to Edward G. Cory, Vicars Jacob and Lieutenant William Hicks near Paterson, others high up the Hunter Valley to Merton the estate of William Ogilvie.

2). John Rodmell was also surgeon on the convict ship Mary  in 1822.

3). Convict Ships bringing Political Prisoners and Protesters

4). Historical Records of Australia Vol. XI reveal the fate of some of the prisoners of the Medina.....

The Pardon of William Fitzgerald......In correspondence dated 24 December 1823, Earl Bathurst to Sir Thomas Brisbane

Sir, In consequence of some favourable circumstances which have been represented to the Lord Lieutenant of Ireland with respect to William Fitzgerald, a convict who was tried under the Insurrection Act in the County of Clare and sentenced to be transported, His Excellency has been pleased to grant him a free pardon; and the said William Fitzgerald having been embarked on board the Medina, which sailed from Cork on the 5th September last for New South Wales, I am to desire that you will give the necessary directions in order that William Fitzgerald may be sent back to this country by the first opportunity. (HRA Series 1, vol. XI, p. 187)

Case of mistaken identity of John Grady.....Correspondence of John Grady to Mrs. John Grady. Sydney Cove, New South Wales,
My dear Wife,
5th Jany., 1824.
I embrace this favourable opportunity of writing these few lines to you, hoping to find you and the Child in good health as this leaves me in at present, thanks be to God. My dear, I sailed from the Cove of Cork on Septr. 5th, 1823, and arrived here on Monday Evening, Decr. 29th, attended with the happiest voyage that could be mentioned, there had been but one Died during the passage.

My dear, I have a very grievous circumstance to mention in this letter to you, which occurred against me after my Arrival in this Country, which is the following : at my Inspection here by the Secretary, he asked me what was my Sentence; I told him 7 years; he told me I was for Life, which his sentence, thunder struck me; I answered him that I was tried under the Insurrection Act, and that no Individual could be sentenced to more than 7 years ; he thought I was scheming on him and asked the Doctor of the Ship my character, which he could not give better to his Brother, had he been in my place.

My dear, I told the Secretary that there was one John Grady from Burne Leigh which is But Twelve Miles from Nenagh; that the said John Grady had been tried at the Clonmell Assizes for House burning and received Sentence of Death, but had been respited to Transportation for Life, My dear Wife, when I was sent to the Depot of the City of Cork in a few days after I been at the Depot, this John Grady from Burne's Leigh near Nenagh came from Clonmell Gaol to the Depot, and whether it had been a mistake of Mr. Murphy's or at the Castle of Dublin, this John Grady was sent off in the Brampton Convict Ship under my Sentence, and I remained under his.

Now, my dear wife, you must do all in your power to get the Sentence Altered and my former Sentence renewed. Go to Mr. O'Hara, the Magistrate, and show him this Letter, and let him let all the other Magistrates know, that were at my trial, this unfortunate circumstance, and to make no delay but to write to Judge Blacker, and also let him know it, as no other man can decide the Business but him, and to forward the Account as soon as possible to the ovr. of New South Wales as I will suffer Death by the Laws of this Country If I am for Life.

So, my Dear, I am still in hopes, as I am innocent of this laid Against me. My dear, I have sent a letter before this to Councillor Dillon concerning this affair. But the Letter to you had some delay on Account of this Ship; she was to go to the Indies for her Cargo, Before she would return to London; it is by one of the Sailors, I have sent it; he was from Cove where we Sailed from ; this was the Ship I came in, called the Medina. You know my dear, this is a serious circumstance to be left undone and would have rendered me of ever seeing yen again. My dear keep up your spirits, and if this Business can he decided, I will see you again, with the assistance of God, I will he able to return home after my time being expired. I cannot give you any Particular Account this time concerning the country; but will write to you by the next opportunity ; only that I see young Tom Dwyer, the sawyer, and let his Mother know that he is very well, and likewise let Tomas Kenny's mother know that he is very well, and John Joice's brother known that he is well; those are all in Sidney town. But I do not know where I am to stop as yet.

My dear, there is a great difference between this John Grady and me, as he is not a Nailor and I am, which can be settled in the Castle, as my trade has been sent to the Castle along with my crime. No more at present from your Dear. Husband Until Death, John Grady. Sidney Cove, New South Wales, 5th Jany., 1824. I was nearly forgetting my dear Mother and Sisters; let them know that I am well and that I send my kind Love to them and to all enquiring friends.
(HRA, Series 1, Vol. XI, p. 643)

Punishment of Christopher Lawler.....17th July 1824 Christopher Lawler, convict per Medina. Attached to Rooty Hill. Charged with having a quart tin in his possession stolen from the huts on Mr. Campbell's farm. Sentenced to receive 25 lashes every 2nd morning until he produces the remainder of the property stolen. Received 100 lashes and was returned to his gang. (HRA, Series 1, Vol. XI, p. 805)  


5).  Return of Convicts of the Medina assigned between 1st January 1832 and 31st March 1832 (Sydney Gazette  5 July 1832).....  Felix Prtichard 0 Ploughs. Assigned to John D. Campbell at Liverpool




 

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