John Rodmell first boarded the Mary on 26th July
1821 at Deptford where the carpenters were kept busy fitting up the
prison. On the 12th August, the ship dropped down to Gravesend and
on the 16th weighed anchor for the Nore. On the 17th August they got
underway again but were obliged to anchor again in consequence of
very light wind and ebb tide. On the 18th they sailed with a light
wind and at 7pm came to in the Queen Channel. On the 19th they made
sail for the Downs where they procured Irish beef and vegetables,
departing there for Portsmouth which they reached on 21st August.
Embarked: 176 men
Voyage: 140 days
Surgeon's Journal: yes
vessel: Providence arrived 7
Southworth arrived 9 March 1822
Captain Charles Arcoll
John Rodmell, R.N.
|The Mary departed Portsmouth in
September 1821. There were no deaths of prisoners on the voyage out,
however one child belonging to a serjeant of the guard passed away.
On the voyage the prisoners were employed picking oakum and knotting
John Rodmell kept a Medical Journal from 26 July
1821 to 28 January 1822 the entries of which highlight the
difficulties vessels sometimes encountered getting out to
By 22nd August they had arrived at Spithead. A sloop with
176 convicts from the Leviathan and
York hulks, a guard, two women and 3 children came
alongside once they had anchored. The convicts as well as the guard,
a detachment of the 67th regiment under command of Lieut. Sutherland
of 46th regiment and passengers Rev. Thomas Hassall, eldest son of
Rev. Rowland Hassall; and Captain Brown, owner of the Mary all embarked at this time.
The convicts were berthed, put into messes and had beds given
out to them. On the 28th August, Mr. McIntosh joined the vessel as
On 31st August, still at Portsmouth, they
received two boxes from the store keeper of the dock yard,
containing 11 bibles, 44 prayer books for the use of convicts and
guard. They also received 6 tons of sand and 16 puncheons of water.
On the 5th September 1821, at 4 pm they weighed anchor, but
were obliged to anchor again at Cowes.
On 7th September 1821,
the ship got under way but found it necessary to come to an anchor
On 8th September 1821 at 5.30 they got under way
and made sail through the Needles and at noon the pilot left the
On 12th September 1821, the ship was unable to make any
progress, but on the contrary was drifting to the Eastward very
fast: there being no appearance of the weather moderating nor the
wind becoming at all favourable, it was deemed advisable to put into
Plymouth, and at noon they came to an anchor in the Sand and found
there HMS Hyperion, Lee Cameleon all wind bound.
By the time they sighted the Island of Madeira on 5th October
1821, the prisoners and guard had been on board for about six weeks
and John Rodmell commenced doses of lemon juice and sugar to deal
with the possibility of scurvy. By the 11th October, they arrived at
Porto Praya Island of St. Jago where they intended to get water.
The prisoners had irons replaced on them for the duration of the
They crossed the Equator on the 2nd November and the
surgeon remarked that the old custom of shaving and ducking was
performed, and the ceremony was carried on in great good humour.
Select here to read an account of "crossing the line" in 1800.
They made the land near Cape Ledo on the Brazil Coast on 7th
November 1821 and on 23rd January 1822 arrived in Port Jackson, the
voyage having taken 140 days.
On 28th January the
disembarked and inspected by the Governor Sir Thomas Brisbane
who was said to be highly satisfied at their general appearance
A list of 79 men from the
Mary was forwarded to the Magistrate at Parramatta that same
day with the names of the settlers they were to be assigned to and
the men were forwarded by water that same day.
assigned to Captain King
2 assigned to Rev. Samuel Marsden
4 assigned to Rev. Thomas Hassall
5 assigned to Mr.
Mrs. Samuel Hassall
6 assigned to George Blaxland
assigned to John Blaxland
1 to John Rogan at Castle Hill
3 to Nicholas Bayley
2 assigned to Mr. Noble at Pitt
8 assigned to James McHenry at Penrith
assigned to government agricultural establishment at Emu Plains
assigned to John Wood
4 assigned to John Lees
assigned to Mr. Hovell
James Grist assigned to Captain Irvine
4 assigned to William Redfern
Thomas Germany alias
Jermyn assigned to Dr. Townson
assigned to Thomas Laycock
3 assigned to J. Campbell
3 assigned to Mrs. Minchin
Eighteen convicts were sent to
various magistrates to be assigned to settlers in other districts
Those advertising their intention to leave on the Mary in February
1822 included Captain Arcott; Mr. Usher, 1st Officer; Mr. McKintosh,
2nd Officer; Mr. Sergeant, 3rd officer; Mr. Brown and Dr. Rodmell.
Notes & Links:
1). John Rodmell was
also employed as surgeon on the convict ship
Medina in 1823. He
died on the voyage of the Woodman in 1826
Charles Arkoll was also captain of the convict ship
Minstrel in 1825.
Hunter Valley convicts and passengers arriving on the Mary in 1822
4). Another detachment of the 67th regiment arrived on the
Daphne in 1819
Rev. Thomas Hassell - Australian Dictionary of Biography
6). Return of Convicts of the Mary assigned between 1st January 1832 and
31st March 1832 (Sydney Gazette 14 June 1832; 21 June 1832).....
||Salesman assigned to Henry Jupp at
Field of Mars