Convict Ship Edward 1831
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(Convicts and passengers from this
Select from the Links below to find
information about Convict Ships arriving in New South Wales, Norfolk Island
and Van Diemen's Land between the years 1788 and 1850
8). Convict Ships bringing detachments of the 17th regiment........
Embarked 158 men
Voyage 128 days
Surgeon's Journal: yes
Crew: 32 men
York arrived 7 February 1831
Lady Harewood arrived 4
Captain James Gilbert.
William Thomas Bell
the Irish Convict Ship Trail
|The Edward was built in Bristol in 1806. Convicts
were transported to New South Wales on the Edward in
1829, 1831 and to Van
Diemen's Land in 1834.
The Edward departed Cork
on 17 October 1830 with 158 male convicts. The Guard
consisted of Captain Duds and Ensign Irskine with 29 men, five
women and seven children of the 17th regiment.
Select here to find convict ships
bringing detachments of the 17th regiment.
kept a Medical Journal from 23 August 1830 to 14 March
The diseases on board the Edward on
the passage from Cove of Cork to New South Wales were
principally dysentery, fever and two cases of cholera. For the
first month they were all free from disease until they put into
Porto Praya in St. Jago for a fresh supply of water.
None of the
convicts would have been allowed on shore, however the seamen
and perhaps the surgeon and captain may have ventured out. Two
years later in September 1832, Lieutenant William Henry Breton
on his voyage to the colonies went on shore at Porto Praya - he
described the scenery in his 1833 publication Excursions in
New South Wales, Western Australia, and Van Diemen's Land
Surgeon William Thomas Bell reported on this
after leaving Porto Praya almost all were attacked with
disease of the bowels. On the slightest motion of the
vessel all became immediately sea sick. And
notwithstanding that the greatest cleanliness and
ventilation was used during the voyage together with as
much exercise as was possible to allow them, yet it was
of no avail.
The principal reason I can assign for the
convicts being so easily affected is in consequence of
their minds have been kept in since July last when some
of the most evil disposed attempted to burn the Essex
Hulk in consequence of which those who remained (after
the full number of prisoners were sent on board the
Hercules for New
South Wales) were sent to the Surprise Hulk from which
121 cases on board the Edward. Although the burning did
not succeed in Dublin, they again ventured three times
to commit the same horrid act in Cove.
to the agitation of the minds of the prisoners and of
which I have a spoken, I must remark that the greater
number of them being born in a country place the scenes
they passed through since they became prisoners not at
all contributed to their peace of mind.
The Standard reported the burning of the Essex on 17
June - The Essex Hulk stationed in Kingstown harbour is on
fire and nearly consumed! A number of convicts are on board. The
sloop of war Trincolo, and the revenue brig Shamrock, with some
transports, have sent all their boats to the assistance of the
unfortunate prisoners; and a strong force of horse and foot
police from the city has been ordered off to Kingstown.
The Essex was an American Frigate of 36 guns, and was taken
during the late war at Valparaiso, by his Majesty's frigate
Phoebe, of 36 guns commanded by Captain Hillier.
The Edward arrived in Port Jackson on 22 February 1831
with 153 male prisoners. A muster was held on board on 26th
February by the Colonial Secretary. One hundred and forty-eight
prisoners were mustered, five were in hospital in Sydney and
five men died on the voyage out. The indents include name,
age, religion, education, marital status, family, trade,
offence, where and when convicted, sentence, previous
convictions, physical descriptions, where and to whom assigned.
There are also occasional notes concerning colonial sentences,
deaths and Tickets of leave.
Peter Kilroy, James Moore
and Patrick Carroll died at sea. William Armstrong and Richard
Mooney died at the General Hospital Sydney soon after arrival.
There were possibly two different convict ship surgeons
by the name of Thomas Bell. The signature on the medical journal
of the Eliza,
in 1837 and Portsea
in 1838 are all similar. The signature on the medical journal of
the Thames in 1829 (VDL) and of this one of the
Edward appear to have been signed by a different
surgeon to the Eliza, Prince George and Portsea.
Notes and Links:
State Library of Victoria.....Contents/Summary: A) Journal
kept on board convict ship Thames, 17 Jun-23 Nov. 1829, on a
voyage from Deptford to Hobart -- B) 'Convict ship Edward. From
Cove of Cork to New South Wales. Copy of Hulk and Sail List'.
Signed by Thomas Bell, Surgeon Superintendent. Lists names of
158 convicts, with county of origin, age, physical appearance,
date of trial, crime, sentence and character during the passage,
with a second list giving names and character -- C) Journal kept
on board the convict ship Edward 24 Aug 1830-16 Feb 1831.
Although the first page is inscribed 'Cove of Cork to N.S.W.,
journal commences at Deptford and concludes while the ship is
still at sea. Edward arrived in Sydney, 22 Feb 1831..........
Notes: Original held by Mitchell Library, State Library of New
South Wales at ZML MSS 34.
2). Select here to read
about the punishment that convict Henry Hewitt endured at
Campbelltown in 1833
Hunter Valley convicts/passengers arriving on the Edward
4). Prisoners convicted of white boy crimes included Bernard
Cox - stealing arms - Longford Dominick Farrell - stealing arms - Longford.
Michael Kenny - compelling to leave a farm - Longford William
Moran - compelling to quit a farm - Longford Bernard Murphy -
assault and riot - Monaghan William Noles - stealing a pistol -
Cavan Bernard Shanley - stealing arms - Longford Michael Sharpe
- ribbonman - Queens Co. Lawrence Shortall - found armed at
night - Queens Co Thomas Fingleton - ribbonman - Queens Co...
Queens County Outrages...On the 4th instant, about one
o'clock a.m. the house of Patrick Brenan of Cloppook in this
parish (Stradbally) was visited by a party of the nightly
legislators, demanding arms. Brenan, who is a Roman Catholic,
bluntly refused compliance; upon which a sledge was stoutly
applied to batter in his door. Parley having, of course, ceased
on both sides, Brenan fired at the man who wielded the sledge -
a deep groan was heard, and the body was removed behind the
house by some of the party, who soon returned to enforce their
demand for arms. Threats, intimidation of every kind, were held
out, and at length a show of fire to burn the house was made. By
the light, afforded by the blown coal and burning wisp, Brenan
distinguished one of his next door neighbours in this horrid
preparation and he also had the good fortune to get a view of
another person - at the latter individual he took aim and shot
him on the spot. The marauders then took to flight, carrying
with them both the bodies. ON the next morning, Brenan lodged
information against his neighbour whose name is Fingleton. He
was soon afterwards apprehended at Timahoe, through the activity
of Major Cosby, and lodged in Maryborough gaol. On the same
night the house of Thomas Brenan, brother of Patrick was
attacked and a case of pistols taken. (Freemans Journal 13
5). Anthony Brown who arrived as a
convict on the Edward accompanied
Livingstone Mitchell's expedition
6). Return of Convicts of the Edward assigned between 1st January 1832 and 31st March
1832 (Sydney Gazette 14 June 1832; 5 July 1832).....
7). Returns of
corporal punishment 1833.....
||Shoemaker assigned to Charles Turner at Sydney
||Sailor assigned to Alfred Kennerly at Rooty hill
||Labourer assigned to William Wilkinson at Liverpool