James Osborne kept a Medical Journal
from 11 May to 17 November 1829. His first patient on the
Layton was Samuel Horton on 11th May who had been transferred
from the Dolphin Hulk at Chatham. The surgeon found that
Horton had ulcerated legs from leg irons. The legs were swollen as
high as the knees from the pressure of the irons. James Osborne
treated him with simple dressings and he was later taken off the
ship to the Retribution Hulk on the orders of Mr. Capper.
The Military Guard for the Layton embarked on
Wednesday 20th May 1829 - Lieutenant Miller of the 40th regiment and
29 soldiers of different corp, together with four women and three
children. The soldiers were on the way to join their regiments in
The Layton departed Sheerness 19th
June and Deal on 23 June 1829.
The Layton arrived at Port
Jackson on Sunday 8 November 1829 which was a rainy day in Sydney
with winds from the W. and NW. Temperature at midday was 23C.
A muster was held on board by the Colonial Secretary Alexander
McLeay on the 11th November 1829. The convict indents reveal the
name, age, religion, education, marital status, family, native
place, occupation, offence, date and place of trial, sentence, prior
convictions, physical description and to whom assigned on arrival.
There is also occasional information about conditional pardons,
colonial crimes and deaths.
The prisoners were landed on Tuesday morning 17th November 1829.
The Australian noted an extract from the Log book of the
Layton: - Thursday, 4th September at 3pm caught a Cape
pigeon, with a label round its neck, thus inscribed: "Symmetry, T.
Stevens, bound for the Mauritius and Ceylon, all well on the 2nd
September, 1829, South Lat. 30. 0 West Long. 22 deg". It appears
remarkable that the Layton spoke the Symmetry off the Cape de Verde
about two months before. It appears that the vessels must have kept
company within two days sail of each other, or at least within two
days of a Cape pigeon flying for two months. What that distance was,
we have yet to learn. (1)
Notes and Links:
The State Library of Victoria Catalogue contains the following
information about convict William Sydenham Smith who arrived on the
Layton......Contents/Summary: Letter written by Edward
Fosbery of the Police Department, Inspector General's Office, Sydney
12 March 1868 to Gideon G. Lang in Queenscliff, Victoria. The letter
refers to the pardon of convict William Sydenham Smith. The
accompanying documents refer to the conviction and transportation of
Smith in 1828. The 'additional pardon' document is dated 6 March
2). Find out about
bushranger John Hobson (Opossum Jack) who arrived on the Layton
Hunter Valley convicts / passengers arriving on the Layton in 1829
4). James Osborne was also employed
as surgeon superintendent on the convict ships
Palambam in 1831 and
the Royal Admiral
5). Return of Convicts of the Layton assigned between
1st January 1832 and 31st March 1832 (Sydney Gazette 14 June
1832; 21 June 1832; 28 June 1832).....
||Stonecutter assigned to Thomas
Shepherd at Darling Nursery
||Stonecutter assigned to
at Pickering, Hunter's River
||Plasterer and labourer assigned to
William Hutchinson at Sydney
||Scissor grinder assigned to Thomas
Arkwell at Richmond
||Butcher and shoemaker assigned to
Pierce Collets at Mount York
||Mason and slater. Assigned to Sir
John Jamison at Regent Ville
||Lamplighter, labourer. Assigned to
John White in Sydney
||Pewterer assigned to
Mary Ann Sparke at Hunter's River
||Cabinet maker assigned to R.V.
Dulhunty at Bathurst
The Australian 9 December 1829