Convict Ship Georgiana 1831
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(Convicts and passengers from this
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information about Convict Ships arriving in New South Wales, Norfolk
Island and Van Diemen's Land between the years 1788 and 1850
|Embarked: 182 men
Voyage: 117 days
Surgeon's Journal: Yes
Previous vessel: Camden
arrived 25 July 1831
Exmouth arrived 28 July 1831
Captain John Thomson
|The Georgiana was built in Quebec
Prisoners were transported to Australia on the
Georgiana in 1828 (VDL), 1831 (NSW) and 1832 (VDL).
John Tarn kept a Medical Journal from 4 March to 11 August 1831.
On 10 March 1831 the military Guard, a detachment of the
11th Dragoons and 16th regiment, consisting of 3 officers and 29
men, 4 women and 1 child, were embarked at Deptford. The surgeon
considered them chiefly young healthy recruits. On the 24 March
1831, 182 convicts from the Leviathan and York hulks were received on
to the Georgiana at Portsmouth, having first been examined
as to their state of health and capability of performing the
voyage to New South Wales.
The prisoners were generally young men and lads
and appeared in a tolerable state of health although not in full vigour in consequence of confinement, scanty diet and other causes.
The Georgiana departed England on 1st April 1831.
During the detention of the ship at Spithead in the early part of
the voyage a good deal of cold damp and changeable weather was
experienced occasioning a few catarrhs and pneumonia attacks of
moderate severity, and easily manageable. On approaching the warmer
latitudes a corresponding increase took place in the temperature of
the atmosphere and many of the prisoners complained of lassitude,
want of appetite and general debility. During the latter part of
the voyage the weather was cool and changeable, often boisterous in
consequence of which the prison was at times exceedingly damp for
leakage. Catarrhs inflammatory throats and rheumatic attacks were
the diseases which then made their appearance but they were few and
of little importance.
There were two deaths on the voyage
- Charles Perkins who died on 9th May 1831 and Dennis McCarthy who
died on the 5th June 1831.
The general healthy state of
the ship during the voyage may be attributed mainly to the
regulation invariably adhered to in fine weather viz, that of having
the whole of the convicts on deck during the day. By this means, the
prisons became thoroughly ventilated and dried and all accumulation
of effluvia was effectually prevented. Great attention was also paid
to cleanliness both in the prison and habits of the convicts and
dryness was promoted by the frequent use of the stoves provided for
that purpose - John Tarn
arrived in Sydney on 27 July 1831.
Cabin Passengers included
Captain Clements of 16th regiment; Lieutenant Minter, 45th regiment;
Lieutenant Reynolds 11th Light Dragoons; and Assistant-Surgeon
The prisoners of the Georgiana were landed
on Monday 8th August 1831. The Sydney Gazette reported that
the men generally appeared robust, able men, and a considerable
portion of them were distributed to various applicants in the town.
Notes & Links:
1). John Tarn was also
employed on the convict ships
George Hibbert in
Merchant in 1836, Surry in 1840 (to Van Diemen's
Land) and the
Pestonjee Bombanjee to Van Diemen's Land in 1849.
Hunter Valley convicts / passengers arriving on the Georgiana in
Return of Convicts of the Georgiana assigned between 1st January
1832 and 31st March 1832 (Sydney Gazette
28 June 1832; 5 July 1832).....
||Gunsmith assigned to James
Nicholson at Sydney
||Errand boy assigned to William
Hutchinson at Sydney