Free Settler or Felon
Convict and Colonial History

William Cummings - Land Owner

Beresfield - Map 2

This was a grant of 1000 acres promised to William Cummings of Sydney on 19 December 1822 and confirmed 1 January 1829.

Grant of 1000 acres to William Cummings of Sydney[3]

This is probably William Cummings who arrived on the William Shand in 1822.

William Cummings didn't reside on this land as he opened a hotel in Sydney:

The Sydney Arms revived - William Cummings- late Passenger per Ship William Shand, begs most respectfully to announce to the Inhabitants of Sydney, and Public in general that he has taken the House lately known by the Sign of the Sydney Arms, and at present occupied by the Principal Superintendent of Police, which he intends to Open on or about the 20th Instant, as a respectable Coffee house, Tavern, and Hotel; and having had several years' experience in that line, W. C flatters himself be shall be able to offer supply accommodation, and attention, to the comfort of those Gentlemen, and Families, who may kindly engage in his support, as will ensure him their future favours and patronage [2]

The location of his grant can be seen at the bottom right of the map below.

James Adair John Boughton Edward Collison Close - Green Hills George Cobb Edward Gostsyck Cory Gilbert Cory John Cory william cummings Andrew Dixon Robert Corum Dillon Leslie Duguid William Dun William Evans George Frankland William Hicks Beresford Hudson William Innes Richard Jones James Kelly Andrew Lang - Dunmore Robert Lethbridge Alexander Livingstone James McClymont Thomas McDougall George Muir Find out more about Maitland Timothy Nowlan Henry Dixon Owen - Aberglasslyn Richard Pritchett James Phillips James Read (Reid) George Shaw Rutherford Walter Scott Gentleman John Smith John Galt Smith Hugh Torrance John Tucker Susannah Matilda Ward Susannah Matilda Ward William Charles Wentworth John Wighton Gorge Williams Caleb and Felix Wilson John Thomas Maughan Early Settler Map 1

The grant was situated on the road from Newcastle to Maitland. After leaving Newcastle travellers passed through Platt's Farm. They then continued along the track opposite Ash Island where Alexander Walker Scott had received a grant. Further on they would cross the Iron Bark Creek and then pass through a village reserve.

The road then entered through the farm of William Sparke and opposite this was a large swamp called in 1832, Barrahinebin.

Description from the 1832 Postal Directory: here the locations commence, and the whole country to the west, in what may be called the Delta of the Hunter, is one mass of grants and improvements present themselves on every side. A little further along the road Sparke's Inn was situated. At this point the road would separate from the course of the river which meandered further north east for five or six miles before meeting the Williams river and turning west once more.

Map of the River Hunter, and its branches : shewing the Lands reserved thereon for Church purposes, the Locations made to Settlers, and the Settlement. Joseph Cross

At Sparkes Inn travellers could take the road to Port Stephens to the north or to Wollombi to the south. On the right nearby this cross roads was situated Cummings grant.

In 1832 a cottage had been erected. Five or so miles further travellers would cross the bridge at Four Mile Creek before entering the township of Maitland. [1]

Notes and Links

[1] 1832 Postal Directory

[2] The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (NSW : 1803 - 1842) View title info Fri 6 Dec 1822 Page 2 Classified Advertising

[3] State Records Authority of New South Wales; Copies of Deeds to Grant to Land alienated by Grant, Lease or Purchase; Series: NRS 13836; Item: 7/505; Reel: 2705