Free Settler or Felon?

Convict Ship Surgeons - J


Alexander Jack   Jameson   Thomas Jamison   Edward Jeffery   Thomas Jewell   Ebenezer Johnston   James Wingate Johnston   John Johnston   William B. Jones   William H.B. Jones     

*Date of Seniority Royal Navy

JACK, Alexander *26 May 1804


Alexander Jack was entered in the Navy List of Medical Officers of 1814.

He was employed as Surgeon Superintendent on the convict ship Caledonia in 1820 (to VDL)

His Will was dated 15 June 1822 (National Archives UK)




Surgeon on the convict ship Pitt which arrived on 14 February 1792.

Many of the seamen and soldiers became ill on the voyage although the convicts were not affected with the same illness. While at Rio, Surgeon Jameson was said by Captain Edward Manning, to have attended to them with his usual care and punctuality. (HR NSW., Vol. 1 part 2 p.528)





Thomas Jamison arrived in the colony with the First Fleet as surgeon's mate.

He was stationed at Norfolk Island from March 1788 until October 1799 when he was relieved by James Mileham. In 1795 - 96 there was an outbreak of dysentery at Norfolk Island, some cases of which he treated with success. He later published a letter in the Gentleman's Magazine regarding the methods he used. He returned to Sydney in 1799 and was granted twelve months leave and took a passage back to England.

He was appointed Surgeon-General of New South Wales to succeed William Balmain in 1801 and embarked on the convict ship Atlas in 1802 for the return to Australia, however because of a dispute with Captain Brooks disembarked at Rio de Janeiro and continued the remainder of the voyage of the Hercules.

He took action against Sir Henry Browne Hayes, a convict on board the Atlas, who resided with the master on the voyage, and against the master himself for assault. Governor King later wrote to the Transport Commissioners regarding the case -  having suffered considerably by his property being damaged. H.B. Hayes was sentenced  by the magistrate to six months imprisonment for his threatening and improper conduct towards Mr. Jamison. The Court of Vice-Admiralty and the Court of Civili Jurisdiction, not considering the master of the Atlas within the jurisdiction of those Courts, have declined trying him for the assault. Mr. Jamison commenced an action of damages against him for the recovery of the value of the goods he had damaged in consequence of their improper stowage, also for the losses he sustained on being obliged to leave the Atlas at Rio Janeiro, in consequence of the ill treatment he received and paying for his further passage in the Hercules, remuneration of all which he craved (HRA., Vol.IV, p888 (King Papers)

Thomas Jamison was amongst those who deposed Governor Bligh in January 1808 and he sailed for England on the Admiral Gambier in 1809 to be a witness for George Johnston:

Lieutenant Colonel Johnston having applied for the Services of Thomas Jamison, Esq., Principal Surgeon of the Territory, and also John Harris, Esq. Surgeon of the New South Wales Corps, the Lieutenant Governor consents to their proceeding to England; and those Gentlemen are to hold themselves in readiness to embark on board the Admiral Gambier, which vessel is expected to sail in a week from this day (SG 26 February 1809)

According to the European Magazine Thomas Jamison died in 1811 aged 58 at at Upper Berkeley street, Portman square.

Thomas Jamison was father of Sir John Jamison, naval surgeon (appointed 1807) who arrived on the Broxbornebury in 1814



JEFFERY, Edward R.N., *8 July 1825


Edward Jeffery was employed as Surgeon Superintendent on the convict ships Recovery in 1837 (to VDL)  ;

and the Marquis of Hastings in 1839 (to VDL). He kept a medical Journal from19th February 1839 to 30 July 1839 on this voyage;

and the David Clark in 1841. The David Clark departed Plymouth 7 June 1841 and arrived in Van Diemen's Land 4 October 1841.



JEWELL, Thomas W.


Thomas Jewell was employed as surgeon superintendent on the Elizabeth and Henry 1845 (VDL)



JOHNSTON, Ebenezer R.N., *17 April 1818


Ebenezer Johnston was appointed to the position of Assistant Surgeon on 9 November 1812.

He was appointed Surgeon to the Mersey in 1818 (Edinburgh Magazine)

Ebenezer was employed as Surgeon Superintendent on the convict ships William Miles in 1828 and Manlius in 1830 (both to VDL).  Having discharged her convicts at Hobart Town, the Manlius proceeded thence to Soorabaya, Samarang, and Singapore, and obtained at the last place her freight for England. Ebenezer Johnston returned on the Manlius as a passenger. (1)

and the Captain Cook which arrived in Port Jackson on 2nd April 1832



JOHNSTON, James Wingate R.N., *27 June 1832


James Wingate Johnston was employed as Surgeon Superintendent on the convict ship Asia in 1840 ( to VDL)

He was appointed Surgeon to the Dublin in 1841 and to the convict ship Pestonjee Bomangee in 1845.



JOHNSTON, John *18 November 1812


John Johnston was entered in the Navy List of Medical Officers in 1814

John Johnston was employed as surgeon superintendent on the Earl St. Vincent which departed England on 9th August 1818 and arrived in Port Jackson on 16th December 1818.

Soon afterwards he submitted a request for payment by government for his lodgings while in the colony. He received the following reply:

Having submitted to His Excellency The governor, your letter of the 23 inst. soliciting to be provided with lodging money during your stay here, until the 'Shipley' shall be dispatched by which opportunity a passage home is provided for you. I am instructed to inform you that His Excellency regrets that he cannot comply with your requests in either form, as the constant usage here affords no precedent of such allowance (however reasonable it itself) being made. Colonial Secretary Correspondence. 26 December 1818.

John Johnston returned to England in April 1819 on the Shipley with seven other naval surgeons(2)



JONES, William H. B.  (M.D.) *20 October 1837

William H.B. was employed as Surgeon Superintendent on the Bangalore to Moreton Bay in 1850 with 292 men.

William H.B. Jones was employed as Surgeon Superintendent on the convict ship Elphinstone to Van Diemen's Land in 1842 and the Marion in 1844 also to Van Diemen's Land










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