Free Settler or Felon?

Convict Ship Surgeons - B


James Baird   John Baird   Henry Baker   William Balmain   James Barr   John Fletcher Bayley    Robert Beith   David Wake Bell   Thomas Bell   Thomas Bellot   Augustus Jacob Beyer   James Billing   George Birnie   William Bland   Joseph Blyer   James Booth   John Bower   Robert Bower   Arthur Bowes   John William Bowler   James Bowman   John C. Bowman   David Boyter   Abraham Bradford    Edward Ford Bromley   Robert Browne   Colin Arrott Browning   Thomas Brownrigg    James Marr Brydone   Alexander Bryson   John Buist   Matthew Burnside   Benjamin Bynoe   

*Date of Seniority Royal Navy

BAIRD, James (or John?)

James or John Baird was employed as Surgeon Superintendent on the Lord Goderich to Hobart, departed Sheerness July 1841 and arrived 18 November 1841 (Note - Medical Journal of the Lord Goderich is Signed J. Baird. Signature appears to be different to that of John Baird who was superintendent on the Middlesex in 1840)



BAIRD, John *13 May 1835


John Baird was employed as assistant-surgeon on the Britannia on 13 September 1832

He was employed as assistant-surgeon on the Atholl in 1833 -34.....


John Baird (b) was appointed surgeon to the Wanderer 7 August 1835

John Baird was employed as Surgeon Superintendent on the convict ship Middlesex which departed Dublin 6 July 1839 and arrived in Port Jackson on 25 January 1840.  He kept a Medical Journal from 1st June 1839 to 1st February 1840.

He is in the Navy List of 1841 and was appointed surgeon to the Eurydice in 1843.



BAKER, Henry


Henry Baker was employed as Surgeon Superintendent on the Stratheden in 1845 .........


In 1846 he was appointed Surgeon Superintendent to the Thomas Arbuthnot (Lloyds London Weekly Newspaper 22 November 1846) and in 1850 to the William Jardine bound for Van Diemen's Land.....



Select here to find out more about Henry Baker (External)



BALMAIN, William


William Balmain, surgeon and landholder, was born on 2 February 1762 at Balhepburn, Rhynd, Perthshire, Scotland, the son of Alexander Balmain and Jane Henderson. He entered the navy in 1780 as a surgeon's mate. (1)

In October 1786 he was commissioned assistant surgeon to New South Wales, sailed in the transport Alexander next May and reached Port Jackson on the First Fleet in January 1788. He served there until October 1791, when he was appointed senior assistant surgeon to Norfolk Island.

William Balmain returned to England in August 1801 with his de facto wife Margaret Dawson and took up the position of Surgeon to His Majesty's forces. (2)

The Morning Chronicle reported his death in November 1803 - On the 17th instant in King Street, Bloomsbury, Dr. William Balmain, Surgeon to His Majesty's Forces and late Principal Surgeon to the territory of New South Wales.

Thomas Jamison was also stationed at Norfolk Island from 1788 to October 1799. He later succeeded William Balmain to the position of Surgeon General of New South Wales.



(1). Australian Dictionary of Biography

(2) Wikipedia



BARR, James R.N., *22 February 1831


James Barr was employed as Surgeon on the sloop Racehorse in 1834......

He was employed as surgeon-superintendent on the convict ship Waverley which departed Dublin on 22 February 1839 and arrived in Port Jackson on 17th June 1839 and the Mary Anne which arrived in VDL on 19 March 1841. He kept a medical journal on this voyage from 16th October 1840 to 30th March 1841.

He is listed in the Medical Register of 1865 - Registered 28 May 1861, Surgeon Royal Navy, Silverton Hill, Hamilton, Lanarkshire....Lic Royal College Surgeons, Edinburgh 1823;  M.D. University of Glasgow 1828.

He is entered in the 1851 Census and gave his birth place as Lesmahagow, Lanarkshire and age 53. He resided in Dumfrieshire with his wife Janet age 45. He was not practising as a Surgeon and ran a farm employing 11 labourers and other staff.

He was on the list of Surgeons of the Royal Navy retired in 1864

James Barr died in January 1867(Medical Pioneer Index)....




BAYLEY (Bailey), John Fletcher


John F. Bayley was appointed Assistant Surgeon on 7 March 1809

He was employed as surgeon superintendent on the convict ship Surry in 1816.


BEITH, Robert


Robert Beith, R.D. Pritchard, J. Patrick and E. D'Euvergne were appointed assistant surgeons to the Cornwallis in January 1842

Robert Beith was employed as surgeon on the Eden  to VDL & Port Phillip in 1849. He took over at the Cape when Robert McCrea became ill.

He resided at the Greenwich Hospital when the 1851 Census was taken and was employed as an assistant surgeon, unmarried and age 30. The other assistant surgeons were Nicholas Littleton and Christian Clarke. Alexander Nisbet was employed as Deputy Inspector at Greenwich at this time.

In the 1861 Census Robert Beith is listed at the Naval Hospital at Plymouth and employed as a surgeon (M.D. Glasgow). He is unmarried and aged 40. He employs a housekeeper, Caroline Bond age 39. Also employed at the Naval Hospital at this time is Edward Hilditch and his wife.

Medical Registry 1865 - Registered 31 December 1860, Deputy Inspector General of Hospitals and Fleets, Royal Naval Hospital, Plymouth. Lic Royal College Surgeons, Edinburgh 1841, M.D. University Glasgow 1845.




BELL, David Wake, R.N., *6 July 1780


David Wake Bell was employed as Surgeon on the convict ship Sugar Cane in 1793......

Lieutenant Bowen to Secretary Nepean, Navy Office, 28th January 1793

Sir, The bearer, Mr. David Wake Bell, surgeon in the Navy has got Sir Henry Martin's leave to go in the Sugar Cane in the room of Mr. Jamieson. He is strongly recommended as a very proper person for that service. I. am etc. J. Bowen. (HR NSW Vol 2. p.5)

David Bell returned to England on the Britannia.........The Britannia store ship having been dismissed from government employment was immediately engaged by the civil and military officers for the purpose of purchasing a variety of stores they stood in need of, with the particular view of fetching cattle from the Cape of Good Hope. Messrs, Richard Kent and David Wake Bell, the naval Agents who came out in the Sugar Cane and Boddingtons transports were instructed to take their passage by the Britannia it being the first opportunity that had offered of their returning to England unless a considerable expense had been incurred by their taking the route of India. (Grose to Henry Dundas 31st August 1794, HRA, Series 1, Vol 1., p 482)

It was reported in 1836 that David Wake Bell, surgeon R. N., formerly a physician in his Majesty's quarantine department at Scilly, had died at his residence, Bridge Terrace Topsham in his 76th year after a long and painful illness. According to the Topsham burial index he died on 19th October 1836. His wife Louisa died 11 March 1818 aged 45. 


BELL, Thomas R. N.,


There were two assistant surgeons by the name of Thomas Bell.....

(1) Thomas Bell (a) *4 November 1805. This man was employed as assistant surgeon on the Perseus in 1843.

(2) Thomas Bell *22 November 1813)


Thomas Bell (c) was appointed surgeon 6 July 1827. (Navy List 1840)

The signature on the medical journal of the Thames in 1829 is similar to that of the signature on the Edward in 1831. Both were signed Thomas. Bell. Surgeon R.N., Superintendent.

Both the above signatures are different to those in the medical journals of the Eliza in 1832 and Prince George in 1837 and the Portsea in 1838 who were all signed Thomas Bell (c) Surgeon Superintendent

Thomas Bell was surgeon superintendent on the Lady Kennaway in 1835 however there is no surgeon's journal available to compare signatures.

BELLOT, Thomas R. N., *23 December 1831


Thomas Bellot was employed as surgeon superintendent on the Havering in 1849.

He was born at Manchester on March 16th 1806, the son of Thomas Bellot, a surgeon practising in Oldham Street, and Jane Hale, daughter of Thomas Hale, of Darnhall, Cheshire.

Thomas Bellot was listed in the Medical Directory of 1853.....Stockport, Cheshire - F.R.C.S. (Nom) 1844; M.R.C.S.E. 1828; L.S.A. 1826; Hon. Mem. of Natural History Soc., Geological Soc., and Botanical Soc. Manchester; Surg. Royal Navy. Translator of the 'Aphorisms of Hippocrates and Galen on the Hand'.

He died in 1857 at Manchester.......find out more about Thomas Bellot at Royal College of Surgeons (5)


BEYER, (Beier?) Augustus Jacob


Augustus Jacob Beyer was employed as surgeon on the convict ships Scarborough in 1790 and Britannia in 1797



BILLING, James R.N. *2 November 1796


James Billing was included in the Navy List of 1814

He was employed as Surgeon Superintendent on the convict ship Batavia in 1818. The Batavia departed Plymouth on 1st November 1817 and arrived in Port Jackson on 5th April 1818.

James Billing died on Sunday 30th October 1819 at Newington Green, Middlesex age 47 years; and on Wednesday Mr. John Billing, his brother, Messenger to the Commissioners of Bankrupts, also died aged 45 years, leaving nine helpless children, and a widow far advanced in pregnancy to lament his loss. (The Hampshire Telegraph, Monday 8 November 1819)

James and John both resided at St. Mary's Islington. They were buried on the same day - 11 November 1819

Billing v. Billing.......JAMES BILLING made his Will, dated the 29th of September 1817, in the following words: "I, Jas. Billing, Surgeon of the Ship Batavia, now bound to New South Wales, in the service of his Majesty's Government, do hereby make this my last Will and Testament. I do hereby give, devise and bequeath all the Property I die possessed of, whatever it may consist, Money, Goods, Pay, Debts, Estates and Effects, of every kind or sort, which I possess or am entitled to at my decease, unto John Billing, of Quality-court, Chancery-lane, and Allen Billing, of 86, Strand, London, in Trust that they, the said John Billing and Allen Billing, do invest and place the whole Proceeds and Amount, in such Securities, at Interest, for the use and benefit of my Nephew, Jas. Edw. Billing.    James Billing died on the 30th of October 1819 leaving his Father his sole Next of Kin. John Billing died in November 1819. The Testator's Father died in December 1823. The Defendant Allen Billing took out Administration to him, and also to the Testator, with the Will annexed. James Edw. Billing died on the 15th of July 1830, at the age of 19, and Intestate. The Plaintiff was his Administrator. ....Reports of cases decided in the High Court of Chancery: Volume 11



BIRNIE, George R.N. *26 May 1819


George Birnie was appointed assistant surgeon in the Royal Navy on 7 July 1813

He was employed as surgeon-superintendent on the Asia which departed Cork 6th August 1831 and arrived in Port Jackson on 2nd December 1831. He was appointed to the female transport Caroline which departed Cork 15 April 1833 and arrived in Port Jackson 6th August 1833. He was employed on the Layton to Van Diemen's Land and kept a medical journal from 13 August to 16 December 1835 on this voyage.

His last appointment as surgeon superintendent of a convict ship was to the Blenheim which departed Woolwich 15 March 1837 and arrived in Van Diemen's Land 16 July 1837.

The prisoners transported on the Asia, Caroline and Blenheim convict ships were fortunate in that George Birnie was appointed as surgeon on these vessels. He was not only well experienced but kind hearted and caring towards his patients -

"The Medico Chirugical Quarterly Review for January 1840 contains a paper by Dr. Fergusson of Windsor on the subject of yellow fever;  he is at the time discussing the question of contagion:

"In the year 1816, while yellow fever was raging at Barbadoes, it was my lot, I suppose from being an old seasoned subject, to be taken with very violent but irregular intermittent fever. Admiral Harvey invited me to go on a cruise with him among the islands in the flag ship; and, soon after leaving Carlisle Bay, yellow fever broke out among the crew. There were, if I recollect right, seven very bad cases; but Mr. Neale the surgeon a very sensible and excellent officer, at once negatived the smallest idea of contagion. The assistant-surgeon, Mr. Byrne* brought up his cot from the cock pit and slung it in the sick bay, in order that at all hours he might be near his patients. Their comrades were allowed the freest access, and the officers of the ship were encouraged to visit and show them every attention. The consequences were the happiest, for, although the cruise lasted several weeks, we did not carry back a single case of the disease to Barbadoes.

*Note. I write from memory and trust that I do not mistake his name, for his conduct was beautiful. I know no better term to express this tribute of my respect and, if in life, I hope he will accept it. I believe he afterwards sailed with Captain Basil Hall as surgeon of the frigate he commanded:

Those who have the pleasure of being acquainted with our fellow townsman, George Birnie Esq., will be at no loss to recognise him in the foregoing portrait; and it is in no small degree gratifying, among the conflicts of daily life, to find so just and pleasing a remembrance of one brother by another in the same arduous and harassing profession. Long may that gentleman live to be so appreciated by those who surround him, and remembered by the friends from whom he has been separated by time."...The Belfast News 4th February 1840.

George Birnie was on the List of Surgeons of the Royal Navy who were fit for service in 1841.

Extract of a Letter from Mr. George Birnie, Assistant-Surgeon of his Majesty's Ship Antelope, dated St. Christophers 4th January 1817 containing observations on yellow fever.

Notice on the Climate of the Western Coasts of South America and Mexico and the effects on the health of residents and of strangers by George Birnie, Esq. R.N., Surgeon of his Majesty's Ship Conway (published in 1824)

George Birnie is listed in the Belfast Street Directory for 1843. He lived at 21 York Street, Belfast



BLAND, William  R.N., *24 May 1831

William Bland was appointed Surgeon to the Firebrand in January 1834. (Hampshire Advertiser 11 January 1834)

He was appointed to H.M.S. Wolf in May 1834.

Notes on the Malay Woodpecker and Poisonous serpents and remedies by surgeon William Bland of H.M.S. Wolf

William Bland was employed as Surgeon Superintendent on the convict ship Mary Ann in 1839. He kept a medical journal from 4 June 1839 to 18th November 1839.

He was on the List of Surgeons of the Royal Navy who were fit for service in 1841.

As Surgeon on the Garland Grove to Van Diemen's Land in 1842, William Bland kept a Medical Journal between 17 August 1842 and 21 February 1843 on this voyage. He remarked in his journal....The routine of the economy and discipline carried on in this ship was the same as practised on board the Mary Ann convict ship detailed in my Journal of that ship in the year 1839.



BLYER, Joseph


Joseph Blyer was employed as surgeon on the convict ship William Pitt in 1806


BOOTH, James


James Booth was appointed to the Rover in August 1838.

He was on the List of Surgeons of the Royal Navy who were fit for service in 1841.

He was employed as Surgeon Superintendent on the Orator in 1843 and kept a medical journal from 1st July 1843 to 17th December 1843.

There are two surgeons by the name of James Booth entered in the Medical Registry of 1865

James Booth of Links, Montrose, Forfarshire Lic RCS Edinburgh 1825

and James Booth of 27 Queen St. Aberdeen Mem RCS England 1840, MB 1841, M.D. 1845, Marisch. College University Aberdeen.




John Bower was employed as Surgeon Superintendent on the female convict ship Emma Eugenia to Hobart in 1851. He kept a medical Journal from 25 October 1850 to 15 March 1851.

He was employed as Surgeon Superintendent on the Pyrenees to Fremantle in 1852 and kept a medical journal from 22 December 1852 to 16 May 1853.

In the 1861 Census John Bower aged 47, was employed as a surgeon on a vessel. Registration district Queensferry.

He is listed in the Medical Registry of 1865 - Residence Montreal Cottage, Perth, Lic, Royal College Surgeons, Edinburgh 1823 M.D. University of Edinburgh 1823.

State Library of Victoria.....Journey of convict ship Lord Raglan from London to Western Australia 1858 : surgeon's diary of the voyage and particulars of convicts transported / [transcribed by] Tony Satchell.



BOWER, Robert *7 December 1810


Robert Bower was appointed to the Ardasia in 1815

He was employed as Surgeon Superintendent on the convict ships Pekoe to New South Wales in 1840 and the Cadet to Van Diemen's Land in 1844. He kept a medical journal on the voyage of the Cadet from 15th April 1844 to 3rd September 1844.

Robert Bower was on the list of Surgeons of the Royal Navy who were unfit for service in 1841 and on the list of surgeons unfit for service in 1855.

He is listed in the Medical Registry of 1865 - Residence R.N., & Maryculter Manse, Aberdeenshire. Mem R. College Surgeons Eng 1815. M.D. Marisch College University of Aberdeen 1815.




Arthur Bowes Smyth was employed on the Lady Penrhyn in 1788 (First Fleet)

BOWLER, John William  *8 November 1837


John William Bowler arrived in Port Jackson in February 1837 as surgeon on the immigrant vessel Lady Macnaughten and in March 1839 the emigrant ship Aliquis .

In 1841 he was stationed at Jamaica and employed as surgeon on the vessel Victor. On 4th March he was court-martialled for drunkenness and sentenced to be severely reprimanded and placed at the bottom of the list. (Caledonian Mercury 3 April 1841)

John William Bowler was employed as Surgeon Superintendent on the John Calvin to Van Diemen's Land in 1848 and the Hashemy to Western Australia in 1850.... 


He was appointed to the Phoebe Dunbar to Western Australia in 1853 and the Lord Raglan to Western Australian in 1858.

The Hampshire Telegraph reported his death on 19th November 1864 -

We have to record the death of Wednesday of Dr. John William Bowler, surgeon-superintendent of Portsmouth convict Prison. The deceased officer entered the navy in 1837 as assistant-surgeon. His last appointments were to the Victor, 16, Capt. Dawson, on the West India station; the Hazard, 18, Capt. Bell, in which ship he took part in the operations on the coast of China, and for which he received the China medal. His last service afloat was in the Alarm, 26, on the North America and West India station from which he returned in the summer of 1847. Dr. Bowler was a retired Deputy Inspector of Her Majesty's Naval Hospitals and Fleets.




BOWMAN, James R. N., *29 October 1807


James Bowman was included in the Navy List of 1814

James Bowman was employed as Surgeon Superintendent on the convict ships Mary Anne in 1816, Lord Eldon in 1817 and John Barry in 1819

James Bowman was on the List of Retired Surgeons on Commuted Allowance in 1841

Find out more about James Bowman here


BOWMAN, John Cornthwaite *25 August 1841


John Cornthwaite Bowman was appointed Assistant-Surgeon in October 1834 (The Morning Post 6 October 1834)

He was appointed Surgeon Superintendent on the convict ship Cadet in 1849 (to VDL) . He kept a medical journal on this voyage from 16th October 1848 to 17th April 1849.

James C. Bowman died in September 1851 - There was a Coroners' Inquest into his death- On Tuesday 16th September at Mylor, on the body of John Cornthwaite Bowman aged 37 years, surgeon in the Royal Navy. It appeared that on Monday, the deceased went out shooting, having with him two dogs - a large Newfoundland dog, and a kind of terrier. As some men belonging to Tregew farm were going into the house to dinner, they saw him near, and after they had entered the house, heard the report of a gun. On their going out on the farm after dinner, they found him near a hedge on the farm, lying on his back, a corpse, the two dogs lying by his side, and resisting the approach of any stranger. The gun was lying by his side, and the whole of the right side of his face was so shattered that it was impossible to recognise a feature. It would appear from the evidence of the persons who had examined the spot, that the deceased must have slipped his foot in attempting to get over the hedge, while holding the gun by the barrel in his right hand, and that in putting it down hard on the ground to keep himself up, the concussion must have caused the gun to go off, discharging the whole contents obliquely into his head through the right jaw and cheek. The gun was loaded with small shot, some of which were afterwards extracted from the pique of his cap, which was blown off at the time of the accident. It was a double barrelled gun, and the left hand barrel, which did not go off, was found to be full cocked; so that it is probable the other battel had also been full cocked. Verdict "accidental death". (The Royal Cornwall Gazette 19 September 1851)



BOYTER, David, R.N.,*13 June 1810


David Boyter was included on the Navy List of 1814

He was on the List of Medical Officer who had served at War. He was employed as Surgeon on the Hebrus at the capture of L'Etoile in 1814 when 13 men were killed and 25 were wounded and was commended by Captain Edmund Palmer for his care and attention....


He was still on the Hebrus in 1815. One of his assistants described one of the procedures that took place:

'Twas at the commencement of July, in the delightful summer of the year 1815 soon after Napoleon's disastrous defeat at Waterloo, that two British frigates, Hebrus and Pactolus, with the Falmouth corvette, were assembled at the mouth of the river Gironde for the avowed purpose of assisting the royalists to equip and organize themselves in military parties, that they might be enabled to rise and overthrow the power of General Clausel, then established at Bordeaux.......Mr. Boyter, our surgeon, asked me to render some little assistance in performing the operation upon poor Huntley (for such was our unfortunate shipmate's name). The poor fellow's jacket was quickly ripped off, and it was a lamentable spectacle to behold his mutilated frame; his only words were, "Doctor, bear a hand." The most stern and iron nerve, I am sure, must give a momentary shudder, when the surgeon, after having made the first incision, and drawn back sufficient skin to cover the stump, grasps the knife with firmness, and cuts determinedly through the quivering flesh, severing the arteries and muscles down to the bone; then, I am confident, is the time to try the wretched sufferer's courage: poor Huntley winced at this terrible period, but afterwards continued only to mutter, as before, "Bear a hand, good doctor". Tis a mistake, I doubt not, to believe the suffering either severe or excessive, in comparison, when the bone is severed, and the marrow touched by the saw; but the most courageous heart will flinch when the arteries are hooked out until the ligatures are fastened. The operation on his arm was skilfully completed in little more than twelve minutes, but the agony he suffered was excruciating when the splinters were extracted from his face and breast; after which, having a cordial restorative administered, he was laid in a cot from whence he never rose again. .....The United Services Magazine

In the early 1830's David Boyter was employed as Surgeon Superintendent on the convict ships Mermaid in 1830 (returned to England on the Dunvegan Castle in August 1830);  Camden in 1831, Andromeda in 1833 and Hero in 1835. He returned to London on the Norfolk in February 1836. Surgeon Obadiah Pineo returned on the same vessel.

Early in the year 1836 Dr. Boyter was appointed agent of emigration to New South Wales on the plan suggested by Sir Richard  Bourke, subject to the confirmation of the Secretary of State. He was instructed to proceed to Scotland, and in that country to select mechanics for emigration to the colony, of the following descriptions, and in the following proportions: viz., carpenters, one eighth; joiners one eight; stone masons, one half; blacksmiths, one eighth; and bricklayers one eight. These artificers were all to be married men, and accompanied by their wives and children; the ages of neither of the married couple to exceed thirty years. ......(112)

The Australian reported that Dr. Boyter was to offer a passage to Sydney on the following terms:

Each married couple under thirty years of age a bounty of 30; Each child above two and under seven years 5; Each child above seven and under 15 years 10; Each unmarried daughter above fifteen and under thirty years 15; any young woman, under the protection of a family above 18 and under 30 years 15.

This bounty according to the present rate of passage money in London is perfectly adequate to pay the whole expense; it may, therefore be considered a free passage.

Dr. Boyter entertains the fullest expectations of being able to procure as many respectable families for Forfarshire and the adjacent counties as will require a ship of large tonnage for their conveyance; in which case, a ship of the first class will be brought into the Tay, and receive every person on board, with all their necessaries and luggage; and Dr. Boyter will feel bound to proceed direct to NSW in the vessel himself. As Dr. Boyter has frequently been in the Colony and made himself fully acquainted with everything relating to emigration, the whole superintendence and direction have been entrusted to him. (113)

David Boyter was on the List of Surgeons of the Royal Navy who was fit for service in 1841.

Marriages - Walker Boyter - At Edinburgh on the 11th inst., by the Rev. A.E. Watson, M.A. of St. George's Episcopal Church, George Harry Walker Esq., son of the Rev. G.E. Walker, rector of Farleigh Surrey, to Helen Cecilia, only child of the late David Boyter M.D., R.N., (Caledonia Mercury 13 June 1863)



BRADFORD, Abraham Rose (*20th July 1838)


Abraham Bradford was born in 1807 at Alverstoke, Hampshire, the son of Alexander and Harriett Bradford

He joined the Royal Navy on 24th July 1827.

In 1834 Abraham Bradford was employed as Assistant-Surgeon on the Winchester in the East Indies. (Navy List)

He was promoted to Surgeon 20 July 1838

He was employed as Surgeon Superintendent on the convict ship Henrietta to Van Diemen's Land in 1843. He kept a journal from 23 June 1843 to 28th November 1843. The Henrietta, Captain George Longford, departed London 13th July 1843 with 190 male convicts. There were no deaths on the voyage out but there was an outbreak of ophthalmia that caused a great deal of trouble....the pain and irritability became excessive. The conjunctiva of the eye the colour of red cloth forming an elevated border round the cornea wit h the external eyelids puffed up to the extent of causing blindness for several days.

On 19 December 1844 he was appointed Surgeon on the Actaeon off the Coast of Africa

On 3rd February 1848, he was appointed Surgeon to the Blenheim, 450 horse-power Steam Guard Ship at Portsmouth.

Abraham Bradford's name can be counted among the intrepid Artic explorers of the mid 19th Century after he joined the flag ship Resolute as Surgeon. During 1850-51 the Resolute (flagship), Assistance, Pioneer and Intrepid, supported by a store-ship, the former warship North Star, searched the eastern Arctic under the overall command of Horatio Thomas Austin in search of Artic explorer Sir John Franklin. The only positive trace of Franklin they found was the remains of his first winter camp on Beechey Island. Click on the text below to find out more about the Artic Expeditions and vessels.......


In 1852 he was appointed Surgeon to the Magicienne and in August 1852 he was appointed to the Hogue. (Morning Post 31 August 1852)

In 1856 it was announced that Surgeon Abraham Rose Bradford of the Hogue, 60, screw., had been promoted to Deputy Inspector of Hospitals and Fleets. (The Standard 12 May 1856)

In 1861 he resided at 57 Camden Road Villas, Middlesex. He was 55 years old and in the Census gave his occupation as Deputy Inspector -General of the Royal Navy (on half pay). His status is 'married', however his wife is not listed.  His daughters Kate age 7 and Ellen age 4 1/2 reside with him. He employed a governess Ellen Littleton and a Housemaid Charlotte Arnold, Cook Keziah Mayhew. William Kavanagh age 57 was a lodger and his unmarried niece Emily Kempster age 20 also resided with them. (1861 Census)

In 1870 it was announced that Abraham Rose Bradford, Deputy Inspector General of Hospitals and Fleets, was placed on the retired list.

In the 1881 Census the family resided at 62 Blomfield Rd. Paddington. Abraham was 75 and his wife Ellen who was born in Cornwall was 51. Their daughter Kate age 27 was unmarried and resided with them and their son John R. age 19 was an undergraduate in London.

Abraham Bradford died in 1884 in Kensington, London


BROCK, Henry Gordon, R.N., * 9 March 1821


Henry Gordon Brock was the son of James Brock and was born about 1790.

He was appointed assistant surgeon on 24 August 1812

He was appointed assistant surgeon to the Leander in 1819

Edinburgh Medical and Surgical Journal July 1825 - On the 1st August, the Senatus Academicus of the University of Edinburgh conferred the degree of Doctor in Medicine on the following Gentlemen in number one hundred and forty, after having gone through the appointed examinations and defended publicly their inaugural dissertations. Among the graduates was Henry Gordon Brock - (Tetano)

In 1828 he was employed as surgeon-superintendent on the convict ship Marmion (to VDL). He kept a medical journal from 15 October 1827 to 14 March 1828. His next appointment was to the Surry which sailed from Spithead in August 1829.

Henry Brock was appointed to the convict ship Argyle in 1831. The Argyle sailed for Van Diemen's Land with 250 convicts of which 150 were embarked from the Captivity hulk. It was reported in the Hampshire Advertiser that convict ships had never left Plymouth with so great a proportion of notoriously desperate characters as the Argyle. ....'we augur favourably respecting the issue of her voyage, from the experience of the Medical Officer in charge of the convicts, who has accomplished three voyages in that service, and also the increase and efficiency of the guard, which has been effected by orders from the Commander in Chief'...(42)

On his return to England he married Elizabeth Caroline Barnes on 17 July 1832 at St. John the Evangelist, Westminster,  Middlesex.

In 1833 he was appointed to the Lotus, which arrived in Van Diemen's Land in May 1833. While in Hobart he wrote to the newspapers regarding the living quarters on convict ships.. In 1834 he was surgeon on the William Metcalfe (to VDL). In 1836 he was employed as surgeon on the  Thomas Harrison  which brought 112 female prisoners to New South Wales.

He was on the List of Surgeons remunerated for services as Surgeon Superintendents. He was paid 200 for his employment on the immigrant vessel Orontes which arrived in Sydney on 18 May 1838.

He was on the list of Medical Officers who received pensions for wounds received in the service -  16 December 1843 (Navy List)

A widower by 1854, he married Eleanor, the eldest daughter of Edward W. Jenkyns of the Stock Exchange on 1st August 1854 (44)

Henry Gordon Brock died in 1862.........

Notice:  - On the 16th inst. at Burleigh House, (Burial Records states Holly House) Old Brompton, Dr. Henry Gordon Brock, R.N., of the Red Rock, Tasmania. - Morning Post 19 December 1862. His estate was valued at under 600. The addresses on his Will were Clarendon Lodge, Kensington Park and afterwards 10 Sidney street Fulham road and lately of Burleigh House Old Brompton all in the County of Middlesex. Administration was granted to his son,  the Rev. Frederick Davies Brock of St. Marys terrace Scarborough (45)

BROMLEY, Edward Foord R.N., *11 August 1795

Edward Foord Bromley was born c. 1770s.  He died on 29 June 1836 at Strood, Kent aged 59.

He was appointed Surgeon in the Royal Navy in 1795.

He first arrived in Australia as Surgeon Superintendent on the vessel Calcutta in 1803. The Calcutta arrived in Port Phillip on 9th October 1803, after a voyage of 168 days.

He was employed as Surgeon Superintendent on the convict ship Ocean in 1816 and the Almorah in 1817. The Almorah departed the Downs 26 April 1817 and arrived in Port Jackson on 29 August 1817. Dr. Bromley returned to England via Batavia in September 1818 on the Ocean.

On 7 April 1819 in England he gave evidence before the Select Committee as to conditions of prisoners on convict ships.

He was Surgeon on the Lord Wellington  arriving in Sydney on 19th January 1820. After arriving in Sydney in the Lord Wellington, he travelled on to Hobart on the Castle Forbes (50) where he took up the appointment of Naval Officer succeeding John Drummond in the role. (114)

He married his housekeeper Miss Sarah Greennow on 25 November 1820 at St. David's Church Hobart. Rev. Robert Knopwood officiated at the ceremony. (116)

A daughter Sarah Jane was baptised on 2 March 1821 in Tasmania. (Sarah Jane died 17 August 1826 age 5)

A son, Edward Samuel Foord G. Bromley was born to Edward and Sarah on 8 September 1823 in Tasmania. (Edward died in Victoria in 1874).

A son Charles Bullen was born in 1828. He died on the 16th instant at Montford Cottage, Lower Clyde, after a short illness,  aged 14. (youngest son of the late Dr. Bromley R.N. formerly Naval Officer of this colony much regretted by all his friends to whom his kind and affectionate disposition had endeared him. Cornwall Chronicle 31 December 1842).

A son Sidney was christened on 13 February 1828, son of Edward and Sarah. (IGI)

In December 1821 the Hobart Town Gazette reported the arrival on the Minstrel passengers Miss Bromley and Miss Eliza Foord Bromley, daughters of Edward Foord Bromley, Naval Officer (115) Eliza Foord Henrietta Bromley (Steele) was probably a daughter of Dr. Bromley's first marriage. She died on 14 December 1874 at the residence of her son in law Mr. Hawthorn 18 Montpelier St. Hobart. A Christening took place in Tasmania on 27 December 1828 of Elizabeth Ford Henrietta Bromley, daughter of Edward and Susanna Bromley.(IGI)

Edward Bromley was appointed Treasurer of the Police Fund and was a Magistrate and a founder of the Bank of Van Diemen's Land. As President of the Agricultural Society in Van Diemen's Land on 13 August 1823 he gave an Address to the Agricultural Society

In September 1824 the Sydney Gazette reported the robbery of Government money from the Bromley's premises. - The large sum of money in his possession which is always deposited in a strong iron chest, placed for security in his own bed room. The key of this chest has been invariably locked up in his bureau, in another apartment on the same floor, at the other end of the building, and the key of it carried about his person. Notwithstanding this and other precautions, one or two of the domestics found means to obtain the key of the chest, by opening the bureau with a picklock key; and on Sunday morning last while Dr Bromley was from home, one of them was detected in the act of rifling the chest of its contents. In attempting to secure the prisoner, Mrs. Bromley had to struggle with him from the top to the bottom of the the stair case, where he extricated himself and got clear of with his booty. (SG 30 September 1824)

Edward Bromley was suspended from his position of Treasurer of the Police Fund and Naval Officer in October 1824 after it was found that colonial funds were misappropriated.  His clerk Bartholomew Broughton was tried in 1826 for embezzlement of money however was found not guilty of the charge. Another explanation was put forward in the Colonial Times a few years later, however Bromley was held accountable as he had been lax and incompetent but the degree of his guilt was never established . He remained in the colony for the next three years. (117) Much of his property was confiscated and sold in an attempt to replace the missing money. When he finally returned to England in 1829 to plead his case, he left behind his wife Sarah and young children.

He was appointed to the guard ship Donegal at Sheerness in September 1829 (118)

On 4th June 1830 Sarah Bromley placed an advertisement in the Colonial Times, Hobart of the sale by auction of the whole of her household furniture and farm stock to be held at Montford Cottage, Lower Clyde. She was planning to proceed to England, however was still in the colony early in 1831(119)

Bromley was employed as Surgeon Superintendent on the convict ship Surry which departed Cork 15th November 1832 and arrived in Port Jackson on 9th March 1833. He returned to London on the Mary departing in May 1833

His next appointment was to the convict ship Numa.  The Numa departed England on 24 January 1834 and arrived in Port Jackson 13 June 1834. He returned to England on the Caroline departing in October 1834. In January 1835 he arrived in Hobart from Sydney on the Syren.

In March 1836 Dr. Bromley returned to England on the Auriga (120). He died in June 1836.

The article below in The Mercury (Hobart) on 22 February 1938 tells a little more about the Bromley family -

The great grandchildren of the late Dr. Edward Foord Bromley - Mr. A. Hawthorn of Augusta Rd and Mrs. E. C. Walshe of Moonah,- form a link with the early aquatic contests held in Tasmania. Dr. Bromley took part in a gig race on March 12 1824, from Hobart Town to Kangaroo Point. The prize was a dinner and Dr. Bromley's crew won.

Previous to settling in Tasmania Dr. Bromley was a surgeon in the Royal Navy, and in various convict ships. He was later appointed to a civil position in New South Wales, and in 1819 was appointed first naval officer at Hobart Town. He became Colonial Treasurer, and held the positions of president of the Van Diemen's Land Bank and the Agricultural society. His country residence was Montfort, on the River Clyde at Hamilton. The property was named after Lord Montfort, Baron of Horseheath, from whom he was descended . The family traced its descent from Sir Walter Bromleghe of Bromleghe, County Stafford. Sir Walter Bromleghe lived in the reign of King John and Sir Thomas Bromley, another ancestor was Lord High Chancellor of England in 1579. A large area of ground was originally granted Dr. Bromley at New Town, including the site of St. John's Park. The father of Mr. A. Hawthorn and Mrs. E.C. Walshe was the late Mr. George Hawthorn who was shipping master at Hobart for 50 years.

FROM THE COLONIAL TIMES. Aug. 10 1827. It has been stated to us, that letters have been received by Dr. BROMLEY, the late Colonial Treasurer and Naval Officer, with reference to his case, of the most satisfactory description; even more so than his most sanguine hopes could have anticipated. We are very happy to hear of it; but we cannot perceive of how very great an extent these letters can be "satisfactory" The utmost that we can conceive is, that he is permitted to quit the Colony, on giving good mid sufficient security, for the amount of the claim on his funds, about, we believe 4 000 having .already been paid by sales effected of his property. We know the Doctor offered the security Long ago to the local Authorities but we are of opinion that they could not take upon themselves, with any feelings of self justification, to accept of it, without reference to the Home Government. Therefore, to this extent, no further can the letters from England be possibly satisfactory. The case is too important to admit of any thing more. The defalcation was serious. It was clearly proved to have originated in carelessly kept accounts; whereby Bromley suffered himself to be related. Consequently, further excuse or lenity could not in justice be shown. We pity Dr. Bromley- and always did. We consider him to be a man more sinned against than sinner. He was too generous, too hospitable, and too unsuspecting of his situation. But he was careless in the extreme, and for this even his dearest friends themselves will censure him. In corroboration of our statement, that the Colonial Treasury chest was repeatedly plundered while under Dr. Bromley's charge, we have the dying testimony of one of his own servants. It will be recollected that man named Piner (Pyner) pardoned through Dr. Bromley's recommendation, went home with Colonel Sorell, on the Guildford. It appears from accounts subsequently received, that this man, having committed some depredation in England, has been tried, convicted, and executed. Previous to his death, he confessed that he had not only robbed Dr. Bromley, his generous master, but the Colonial Treasury chest repeatedly ;and this statement is fully borne out by the further testimony of a female now in the Colony, who was present at the time. We now again repeat, we hope Dr. Bromley's letters may be as satisfactory as they are said to be ; and nothing will ever give us greater pleasure than to have to record the extrication of that Gentleman from all his embarrassment. (*John Pyner arrived on the Richmond in 1822)



BROWNE, Robert *7 August 1805


Robert Browne was appointed assistant surgeon in the Royal Navy on 23 January 1809.

He was included in the Navy List of Medical Officers of 1814

He was employed as surgeon superintendent on the Canada in 1815


BROWNING, Colin Arrott R.N., 8 February 1817

Colin Arrott Browning was appointed Assistant-Surgeon 7 July 1813

He was on the List of Medical Officers who had served at War and was employed as Assistant-Surgeon in the Hebrus at Algiers

His first appointment as Surgeon Superintendent on a convict ship was to the Surry in 1831. He published England's Exiles; or a View of a System of Instruction and Discipline (London, 1842) which he writes of the Surry....Click on the print below to read this publication


He was also Surgeon Superintendent on the following convict ships:  Arab 1834 (VDL);  Elphinstone 1836 (VDL);   Margaret in 1840; Tortoise 1842 (VDL); Earl Grey 1843 (VDL);    Theresa 1845 (VDL); Pestonjee Bomanjee in 1847 (VDL); and Hashemy in 1849

State Library of Victoria....The convict ship : a narrative of the results of scriptural instruction and moral discipline as these appeared on board the Earl Grey, during the voyage to Tasmania :with brief notices of individual prisoners  by Colin Arrott Browning. Colin Arrott Browning 1791-1856. 

Colin Arrot Browning's last appointment was to the Hashemy in 1849......


Colin Arrot Browning was the grandfather of Walter de la Mare.

Find out more about Colin Arrot Browning at Australian Dictionary of Biography




BROWNRIGG, Thomas *2 March 1824

Thomas Brownrigg was appointed assistant surgeon 21 March 1814 and appointed Staff Surgeon Royal Navy 17 July 1817


He was appointed assistant surgeon to the Leander in 1819.

Thomas Brownrigg was promoted to the position of Surgeon in the Royal Navy in 1824. Other men promoted at the same time included Joseph Steret and Andrew Douglas Wilson (111)

He was employed as surgeon on the Tortoise to VDL in 1842. The Tortoise sailed from Plymouth 26 October 1841 and arrived in Van Diemen's Land on 19 February 1842 with 394 male convicts.

Thomas Brownrigg died in 1866......Obituary - This gentleman, who died at Keighley on the 18th inst. was an old surgeon in the Royal Navy, having joined the service nearly sixty years ago. He had been employed in various parts of the world, and in early life was at the capture of the City of Washington, acting with the naval force under Admiral Sir George Cockburn. He had served in the Baltic, North America, West Indies, East Indies, China, Australia, and the Pacific For several years he held an appointment as surgeon to the convict establishment at Bermuda (a naval depot and station in the Southern Atlantic); and it is believed the last public appointment he held was that of surgeon-superintendent of the *Dromedary convict ship when she took out 500 convicts to Tasmania. Of very retired habits, Mr. Brownrigg was but very little known in the vicinity where he spent the last few years of his life, but he was held in high esteem by his old naval friends and messmates, who had the opportunity of duly estimating his character and worth. Many of these friends have passed away, and all are hastening to that "bourne from which no traveller returns," but one of the number still living is thus permitted to give this little outline of the services of his friend and messmate, with whom he had been on terms of intimacy for a period of more than half a century.   Mr. Brownrigg was a native of the county of Westmoreland.....(111)


*George Fairfowl was surgeon on the Dromedary in 1820.


BRYDONE, James Marr R.N., *26 August 1806


James Brydone was born in 1779 in Selkirk, Scotland.

He was included in the Navy List of Medical Officers of 1814

He married Elizabeth Hislop, daughter of the late Alexander Hislop Esq., of Knightsbridge on 11th June 1818 at Marylebone New Church. (The Morning Post 18 June 1818)

James Brydone was employed as Surgeon Superintendent on the convict ship Eliza in 1820.  The Sydney Gazette reported the arrival of the  Eliza-  Captain Hunt, with 160 male prisoners, one having died on the passage. The Surgeon Superintendent Dr. Bryden of the Royal Navy, whose care it will be perceived, by the loss of only one person must, with that of the Captain and Officers, have been as diligent as exemplary, and entitled to our best thanks. She sailed from England on the 15th October, and touched nowhere. He remained in New South Wales for some months and became President of a Medical Board assembled by Governor Macquarie to enquire into the state of disease in the Colony. He departed on the Tuscan in August 1820. John Morgan, surgeon superintendent of the Mary in 1819 returned to England under the care of Brydone having become ill while in the colony

By 1851 he resided at Petworth Sussex - On the 1st inst. at Spalding, by the Rev. William Moore, D.D., Walter Marr Brydone, Esq., son of James Marr Brydone Esq., Royal Navy, of Petworth Sussex to Hannah Maria, daughter of Thoms Smith, Esq., of Spalding  ( The Standard 3 October 1851)

He died at Petworth in 1866 - On the 29th Ult, at Petworth Sussex in his 87th year, James Marr Brydone, Esq., retired Staff Surgeon R.N., (Hampshire Telegraph 4th April 1866)




BRYSON, Alexander R.N., *17 September 1836


Alexander Bryson was born in Renfrewshire, Scotland in 1802 (146). He began his professional studies at Edinburgh and continued them at Glasgow where he took his doctor's degree and was admitted a member of the Faculty of Physicians and Surgeons. He also became a fellow of the Royal College of Physicians, London. He entered the navy as assistant surgeon in 1827. (145)

He was appointed Assistant Surgeon to the Castor in 1832 and the Griffon in October 1832 and spent almost a decade serving off the coast of Africa.....In 1836 the crew of the Griffon, on the paying off of the vessel, testified their gratitude to Alexander Bryson for his attention to them when in a state of sickness in the river Gambia, by presenting him with a full dress coat, epaulette, and strap, cocked hat, and sword; the latter with an appropriate inscription. (142).


He was promoted to the position of Surgeon in 1836 and was on the List of Surgeons of the Royal Navy who were fit for service in 1841. He was appointed to the Salamander and to the Madagascar in 1841

He was employed as Surgeon Superintendent on the convict ship Marquis of Hastings  to Van Diemen's Land in 1842. He kept a medical journal from 17 June to 30 November 1842. He recorded that the convicts were received at Portsmouth from the Hulks York and Leviathan - 120 from each, all apparently in good health. Those from the York were the first to show scorbutic symptoms - probably her position off Haslar Creek may have had some influence in this. Two prisoners died on the passage and all the others were landed although not quite free from Scorbutus, in good health and able to proceed on the instant to the out stations.

He was appointed Surgeon to the William and Mary in 1845 (143)

In 1847 he published  Report on the Climate and Principal Diseases of the Africa station.

In 1850 he published On the Respective Value of Lime Juice, Citric Acid and Nitrate of Potash in the treatment of scurvy ........(Instructions were given several years ago to the surgeons of convict ships, that if scurvy broke out during the voyage, they were to try the relative effects of lime-juice, nitrate of potash, and citric acid; choosing similar cases for experiment, and placing the patients under like circumstances of diet and exercise. Dr. Bryson details some results which have been thus obtained.)  ...........(continued)

He was head of the department of naval medical statistics and compiled the Statistical reports on the Health of the Navy and an article 'On medicine and Medical Statistics' (145)

In 1854 the Morning Post announced that Alexander Bryson, serving as surgeon of the Fisgard, flag ship at Woolwich was appointed Deputy Inspector of Hospitals. It was expected that he was to be ready for service in a hospital ship about to be commissioned for the purpose of accompanying the fleet under the command of Vice Admiral Sir Charles Napier K.C.B. (144)

He was appointed Honorary Surgeon to Her Majesty in November 1859 (Caledonia Mercury)

In the 1861 Census he was recorded as residing at Hermitage, Barnes, Surrey. He was unmarried and age 58. His niece Mary Bryson was a visitor at his residence and he employed a cook and a housemaid.

He was appointed director-general of the medical department of the navy on the retirement of Sir John Liddell in January 1864 (145) and made a companion of the Order of Bath.

  The Lancet July 1867

His death was announced in the Glasgow Herald in December 1869 -  At the Hermitage Barnes, London on 12th instant, Alexander Bryson, M.D., C.B., F.R.S., Honorary Physician to the Queen, late Director General of the Medical Department of the Navy, aged 67.

His obituary appeared in the Lancet - Dr. Bryson, though a valuable public servant in his own peculiar line, was neither an efficient nor a popular Director-General.  An officer, however zealous, who has never done duty as a deputy-inspector or inspector of hospitals ought to be, and for the future we are happy to know ill be, held unfitted for promotion to higher rank; and it is no disparagement to Dr. Bryson's memory to say that he was by education totally unfitted to cope with the many difficulties of a Director-General's position. Statistical details of the Department had always the greatest interest for Dr. Bryson; but a question affecting the position of a medica l officer, in some dispute with a commanding officer, received from him no sympathy or attention; and the member of the naval medical profession felt that they had no real chief to represent their interests at head quarters, and to defend them against the encroachments of the executive.

Dr. Bryson was, however, as we have said, a valuable public servant, if placed in a false position; and he certainly deserved better treatment than he received at the hands of the present Admiralty. Sudden notice to vacate office was accompanied by an order to continue to do the duty of the department until, at the convenience of the authorities, a successor was appointed, and was followed, without the slightest reference to or consultation with the Director-General, by the appointment of a commission of civilians to inquire into and overhaul the great naval medical establishments of the country. Then came the question of pension, and the public will hardly believe that this question was still being fought with Admiralty when death stepped in an cut the matter short.

That the slights to which he was subjected, including the refusal of the knighthood ordinarily given to a Director-General, had an effect upon Dr. Bryson's health is unquestioned. During the past summer he consulted Dr. Russell Reynolds on account of noises in the ears, deafness, pain in the back of the head, and confusion of ideas, which, at times, troubled him much, but from which he recovered by rest and other measure. On Thursday the 9th instant, Dr. Bryson seemed remarkably well, and in the afternoon was walking in his garden in good spirits and apparent health. But, on coming into the house he felt suddenly ill, became strange in manner and then became unconscious.......his rights side was found to be completely paralysed and he remained in a coma until death on the Sunday morning.




John Buist was employed as surgeon on the Rolla in 1803

He was appointed assistant surgeon in the Royal Navy on 11 December 1806

He was appointed to the Resolute on 13 December 1812.

He was one of several supernumeraries to the Severn in January 1819

John Buist was employed as assistant surgeon at the Royal Naval Hospital at Greenwich in 1837

He died at Greenwich Hospital in May 1837......


BURNSIDE, Matthew R.N., *1 July 1813


Matthew Burnside was born in Londonderry, Ireland c. 1802.

He was included in the Navy List of Medical Officers in 1814

He was on the 1841 List of Medical Officers who had served at War. He was wounded when Assistant surgeon in the gun boat San Josef, in the Walcheren expedition.

He was appointed assistant surgeon on the Slaney in 1819 and the Clio in 1823

He was employed as Surgeon on the Regulus emigrant ship to Canada in 1825 and kept a Medical and surgical journal from 7 April to 13 July 1825. A summary of his Journal for this voyage has been published and can be purchased online - On the 17th of May 1825, the Regulus sailed from the Cove of Cork, carrying 24 men, 25 women and 108 children from some of the most distressed districts in the south of Ireland. These people were being transported, at Government expense, as part of an experimental emigration that settled over 2000 Irish paupers in the backwoods of Upper Canada. Responsibility for the success of this enterprise fell to Peter Robinson (1785 1838), who had conducted a similar experiment on a smaller scale in 1823. Robinson was aided by a team of medical officers one of whom was assigned to each of the nine ships hired for the trans-Atlantic passage.

Matthew Burnside was employed as Surgeon Superintendent on the Providence which departed the Downs 24th December 1825 and arrived in Van Diemen's Land on 16 May 1826 with 99 female prisoners, one having died on the voyage. He kept a medical journal from 1st November to 18th May 1826.(19)

According to the Log of Logs by Ian Nicholson Matthew Burnside was banned from further transport service after the voyage of the Providence.

He was on the List of Surgeons of the Royal Navy who were fit for service in 1841

Matthew Burnside (Hyndman Grove, Old Kent Road) was insolvent in 1846 and was declared bankrupt in 1862 (18)

The 1861 Census recorded him residing at 12 Graham St., St. Mary Newington, Lambeth with his wife Sarah and their children Selina age 9, Robert age 7, Paul age 6, Henry age 4, Jane age 2 and Norah age 8 months. By the time of the 1861 Census they had added five children to their family - William, Kate, Patrick, Frederick and Andrew.

Matthew's occupation was given as Half Pay Officer of the Royal Navy.

He died on 7th July 1869 at Delaune road, Kennington Park, age 74 (17)



BYNOE, Benjamin


Benjamin Bynoe was born in Barbados, West Indies c.1803 (16). He was on the list of new Fellows of the Royal College of Surgeons in 1825(13) and joined Charles Darwin's expedition as assistant-surgeon on the Beagle in 1831. In April 1832 he was appointed acting surgeon when Robert McCormick departed the Beagle.


The voyage returned to England in October 1836 and Benjamin married Charlotte Ollard in December 1836 at St. Saviour, Southwark.(15) Charlotte was the daughter of John and Margaret Ollard. She was baptised with her brother in 1811 at Southwark.

Benjamin Bynoe joined the next expedition which departed England in July 1837 and returned to England in October 1843.  The Bynoe mouth, one of the outlets of the Flinders River, about 200 yards wide was named by Captain Stokes R.N. of the Beagle in 1841 in honour of Bynoe.  John Gould wrote of Bynoe in 1839: -

  (This is a link. Click to find the species attributed to Bynoe)

Benjamin Bynoe was appointed Surgeon Superintendent on the convict ship Blundell in 1844.  The Blundell departed England in March 1844 with 324 people including the ships company, and arrived at Norfolk Island on 7th July 1844. There was little illness on the first part of this voyage until they reached the equator when catarrhal and other complaints emerged. The prisoners were mostly well behaved and only three men were punished, all for petty thefts. Bynoe kept a medical journal from 20 February 1844 to 1st August 1844.(6)

He was appointed to the Crocodile in April 1847 (7) and transferred to the Ocean guard ship in October 1847. He was appointed to the Ganges (11) and then to the Wellington (9) in 1848 and the Monarch in December 1850. His appointment to the Aboukir  was announced in November 1851. The Aboukir departed England on 28th December 1851 and arrived in Hobart with 279 male convicts.

Benjamin and Charlotte can be found in the 1851 Census and resided at 5 Carleton Terrace, Peckham, Surrey. He is 46 years old and Charlotte 41. He is noted as being on half-pay, not practising. Their servant Eliza Parvhak age 19 resided with them.  In September 1853 he was appointed to the Madagascar store ship

The quality of Bynoe's long, devoted, and adventurous service typified the careers of so many nineteenth century naval medical officers who made their contribution to the social history of their more about Benjamin Bynoe at the Journal of the History of Medicine.

Benjamin Bynoe was employed as Staff-Surgeon when he died at 440 Old Kent Road, Surrey on 13th November 1865 (12), He was buried at Norwood Cemetery, Lambeth.(14) and was survived by his widow Charlotte. His effects were valued at 450. Charlotte was listed as one of two elderly female lodgers living with a family at Albany Road Camberwell in the 1881 census.

Proceedings of the second expedition, 1831-1836 Philip Parker King, Charles Darwin




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