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Item: 177480
Surname: (Indigenous) Tomahawks
First Name: -
Ship: -
Date: 19 October 1932
Place: Pantaloon Bay near Dora Creek, Lake Macquarie
Source: Sydney Mail
Details: Stone tomahawks discovered by V. Taylor, which had been unearthed from a large mound of cockle shells which had been disturbed by heavy storms


 
Item: 168658
Surname: (Indigenous) Tools
First Name: -
Ship: -
Date: 21 March 1865
Place: Lochend (near East Maitland?)
Source: MM
Details: In 1865 the Maitland Mercury reported the finding of an aboriginal tomahawk at Lochend (there was a Lochend near East Maitland and also at Lake Macquarie).....A Buried Aboriginal Tomahawk - Most of our readers have doubtless seen the curious stone tomahawks of the aborigines, with their finely sharpened edges. Last week one of them was dug up out of a paddock at Lochend, which has been in cultivation for more than twenty years probably -but the present tenant happening to dig deep with the spade, disinterred the buried stone in very good condition.


 
Item: 72514
Surname: (Indigenous) Tracker
First Name: -
Ship: -
Date: 6 February 1838
Place: Port Stephens
Source: Sydney Gazette
Details: Constable Conway tracked robbers Lampshaw, Harrigan with assistance of aborigine from the area


 
Item: 182044
Surname: (Indigenous) Trackers
First Name: -
Ship: -
Date: 18 Augusts 1826
Place: Newcastle
Source: NSW Courts Magistrates, Newcastle Police Court: 1823-1825, 1826-1827 (Ancestry)
Details: John McNichol, in service of Charles Griffiths charged with theft and absconding from his masters service. Charles Griffiths states - the prisoner was assigned to me last week. I purchased a pair of shoes for him, for which I paid twelve shillings; I also gave him a blanket. On Tuesday last he absconded from my farm taking away the blanket and shoes. I also lost at the same time a bag, a knife, 2 balls of cotton, 3 silver spoons about ten pounds of flour and seven pounds of beef. I cannot say the prisoner stole these articles but they disappeared about the same time that he did. Thomas Bishop constable, being sworn states - I was sent in pursuit of the prisoner. On my way to Wallis Plains I met Mr. Sparke s shepherd who told me that McNichol had been at his hut and had exchanged with him a blanket for a shirt. I took the blanket form him. He told me McNichol had gone to Wallis Plains. I followed and found him there and took him into custody. I was assisted in the pursuit by two black natives. I took the shirt from him. That and the blanket are those before the court. The shoes now produced were on his feet at the time I took him. The prisoner admits having taken the blanket and shoes - states they were given to him by Mr. Griffiths. Denies knowledge of the other articles. John McNichol sentenced to 3 years in a penal settlement


 
Item: 182904
Surname: (Indigenous) Trackers
First Name: -
Ship: -
Date: 24 April 1833
Place: Invermein
Source: Invermein Court of Petty Sessions. Deposition Books 1833 -1834 (Ancestry)
Details: James Godber per ship Manlius, assigned to Stephen Coxen and James Fitzpatrick per ship Jane also assigned to Stephen Coxen, charged with stealing in a dwelling house. John Bingle states - Early on Thursday morning my servant called me stating that the harness room had been robbed of saddle and bridles and the groom s clothes. I got up and found it correct. I then sent to the Mounted Police to inform them of the robbery; they came up and we found fresh tracks near the building; we procured three native blacks and put them on the tracks near the building which had been robbed which is used as a store, barn, coach house, harness room; likewise used as a dwelling house by my servants. We followed them on and traced them into one of the huts at Mr. Coxen s. I then ordered the men who lived in that hut to be brought to me. I examined their shoes and found them to correspond with the tracks; taking the men back some distance to satisfy myself I left them in charge of the farm constable and proceeded on the same tracks from the hut; we traced them twice across the brook and then through Mr. Coxen s paddock to his sheep station where we found concealed in the sheep dung a four bushel bag containing the property stolen from my harness room, consisting of a new saddle and bridle, breaking in gear, grooms clothing, all taken out of my harness room which I swear is my property with the exception of the saddle which is the property of Dr. MacCartney at present residing with me. The value of which exceeds five pounds. Mr. Bingle further states that there were a few nails in the heels and tow of one of the tracks the latter rather remarkable which exactly corresponded with the shoes the men had on when I took him back to prove them; the other tracks had been trodden a little to one side which also corresponded with the other man s boot. Corporal Keeling of the Mounted Police states - On Thursday morning the 25th inst. Mr. Bingle sent a message down to me to inform me that he had been robbed. I immediately went up the weather being wet, I thought I could easily come upon the tracks. Mr. Bingle with myself went round the farm in search of tracks and came upon two tracks leading to the place which had been robbed. We got three native blacks which I put on the tracks and followed them to one of Mr. Coxens huts where we questioned the men. Mr. Coxen states - a pair of trousers now produced were found in a waterhole yesterday behind my garden and near the hut where the prisoners reside. I have reason to believe that they belong to the prisoner Fitzpatrick from the circumstance of their being ship trowsers and there being none of the kind on the farm with the exception of one other pair which are still in the possession of the proper owner and have been altered to fit him. I obliged the prisoner Fitzpatrick at his work that day he had the trowsers now produced on in comparatively a clean condition to what they are at present being a wet day he was employed indoors handing tobacco. I remarked next morning when he came out to work he had on a clean pair of trowsers. The prisoner Godber denies the charge and says that the print did not correspond with his boot. The prisoner Fitzpatrick denies the charge and says that most of the men on the farm have their shoes made from the same last. The Bench direct the prisoners shall be committed to take their trail at the Supreme Court. George Elery and Charles James charged with being accessories to the robbery on Wednesday night last, the Bench determine that although the circumstances are very suspicious against them they would not be warranted in committing them for trail They therefor discharge them.


 
Item: 176316
Surname: (Indigenous) Treatment of natives
First Name: -
Ship: -
Date: c. 1857
Place: Morpeth Wharf
Source: A voyage to Australia and New Zealand, including a visit to Adelaide ... By John Askew
Details: In the midst of the bustle incidental to landing (at Morpeth) two natives came on board to help in removing their luggage ashore. One of the firemen the most brutal of the lot, who annoyed us so much on the previous night had a great antipathy to the natives by whom he said he ws once nearly murdered. When this man saw these poor harmless creatures come on board, he struck the foremost down with his fist, and with as little compunction as if he had been felling a bullock. The other native jumped upon the wharf to avoid similar treatment. The more compassionate of the crew lifted up the poor bleeding native who was severely cut above the left eye and carried him ashore


 
Item: 168783
Surname: Abraham (Indigenous)
First Name: -
Ship: -
Date: 1845
Place: Butterwick, Clarence town etc
Source: Australia Birth Index (Ancestry)
Details: Birth registered at Butterwick/ Raymond Terrace district


 
Item: 176244
Surname: Abraham (Indigenous)
First Name: -
Ship: -
Date: May 1835
Place: Phoenix hulk
Source: State Archives NSW; Roll:189 Ancestry.com. New South Wales, Australia, Gaol Entrance Books
Details: Long Dick, Jack Jones, Abraham and Gibber Paddy admitted to the Phoenix Hulk under sentence of 4 years in an iron gang at Goat Island for robbery


 
Item: 5898
Surname: Abraham (Indigenous) Brisbane Water
First Name: -
Ship: -
Date: 25 October 1834
Place: Brisbane Waters
Source: R v Long Dick, Jack Jones, Abraham & Gibber Paddy
Details: Aboriginal indicted for stealing property of Alfred William Jacques and William Ross. Found guilty.


 
Item: 57494
Surname: Abraham (Indigenous) Brisbane Water
First Name: -
Ship: -
Date: 19 May 1835
Place: Brisbane Water
Source: Sydney Gazette
Details: Sentence of death recorded against Long Dick, Jack Jones, Abraham and Gibber Paddy for stealing property belonging to Alfred William Jacques


 
Item: 165657
Surname: Abraham (Indigenous) Brisbane Water
First Name: -
Ship: -
Date: 9th August 1838
Place: Brisbane Water
Source: Registers of Coroners Inquests and Magisterial Inquiries (Ancestry)
Details: Died of natural causes


 
Item: 182483
Surname: Abraham (Indigenous) Brisbane Water
First Name: -
Ship: -
Date: 28 April 1835
Place: Brisbane Water
Source: Gosford (Brisbane Water) Court of Petty Sessions, Letter Books, 1826 - 1874 (Ancestry)
Details: Correspondence from Magistrate Jonathan Warner re depositions of William Rust, Moses Carroll and George Turner against aboriginal natives Jago, Paddy and Abraham who had been forwarded to Sydney gaol


 
Item: 182545
Surname: Abraham (Indigenous) Brisbane Water
First Name: -
Ship: -
Date: 9 September 1838
Place: Wyong, Brisbane Water
Source: Gosford (Brisbane Water) Court of Petty Sessions Bench Books, 1835 - 1842
Details: Enquiry relative to Abraham, black native....G.K. Mann states - I recollect having seen the deceased whose name I believe to be Abraham in a very debilitated state. About a fortnight ago he was suffering from decline and I ordered him to call for some medicine. It was reported to me last night that his man had died between 12 and 2 o clock yesterday at the saw pits. Today I have seen the corpse at the saw pits and I am of opinion that he had died from the disorder above mentioned as he appears in the most emaciated state and apparently had no arks of violence about him... Joseph Ball having been sworn stated - I and Allcock have been working at the saw pits lately. The deceased came to the saw pits on Tuesday last; he was then very ill. He remained til yesterday about 11 o clock then went away for some rations. When we came back about 2 we found him dead. He has been ill to my recollection about two years past. Peter Allcock states...I knew the deceased. He came to the saw pits on Friday night, he was very ill then. He has been very ill a length of time. We went for rations. When we returned about three hours afterwards we found him dead. No blacks were with him that day nor any one but ourselves that I know of. I and Bell buried him today after the Police Magistrate had viewed the body. There were no marks of violence on him.


 
Item: 168793
Surname: Annie (Indigenous)
First Name: -
Ship: -
Date: 1851
Place: Hexham
Source: Australia Birth Index (Ancestry)
Details: Daughter of Jane. Birth registered at Hexham


 
Item: 72520
Surname: Ash Island (Indigenous)
First Name: -
Ship: -
Date: 1834 July
Place: Newcastle
Source: NHJ
Details: Lieutenant Henry Zouch went to Ash Island to try to restore calm after a native was shot by a constable


 
Item: 166482
Surname: Ash Island (Indigenous)
First Name: -
Ship: -
Date: 30 September 1826
Place: Newcastle
Source: The Australian
Details: The tribes of Aboriginal natives, in and about the district of Newcastle, are estimated, as we are informed, at, nearly one thousand strong. If these were to act in concert, it may easily be seen that they would be rather awkward customers to deal with, in a fight where even muskets were opposed only to waddies and spears. They never, we believe, assemble in greater numbers than two or three hundred at a time if even so strongly as that. There are six tribes under the chiefs McGill, Wolungal, Jemmy, Chagc, Cockee, and Mullet. Each tribe contains from one hundred and fifty to two hundred. Then respective stations, from which they receive their names, are at the Coal River, Ash island, Reid s Mistake, Tugarah Beach, Sugar Loaf, and Kangaroo. They are pretty quiet just now. The dressings they lately got has tamed their spirits a little and may eventually render them either good subjects or peaceable allies


 
Item: 166487
Surname: Ash Island (Indigenous)
First Name: -
Ship: -
Date: 11 October 1834
Place: near Newcastle
Source: SG
Details: SINCE the publication of our last number, we have heard from good authority that that part of Mr. HALL S letter to the Attorney General, respecting the shooting of the Aboriginal Natives on Baker s Island, near Newcastle, is erroneous. Our authority is one of the jury who sat on the inquest; and he informs us that the evidence adduced was to this effect: petty pilfering had been carried on to a considerable extent, for a long time, by some of the natives on Ash Island, and Baker s Island. Some of the servants of the settlers there were set to watch for, and apprehend the aggressors; one of whom, accidentally meeting with the servant of a Mr. PLATT, who was armed with a gun, watched his opportunity, and attempted to take it from him; in the struggle the gun went off and the native was killed, but there was not a tittle of evidence to show that the death was other than accidental. With respect to the indiscriminate shooting the natives which has been alleged to have subsequently taken place; we are assured that the report originated in their circumstance that some seamen belonging to the brig Craigevar, remained on Baker s Island during the night after the native was shot, for the protection of the family on whose premises the accident took place, and discharged fire-arms at intervals, in order to deter other natives from approaching the neighbourhood, to take revenge for the death of one of their brethren. Mr. BROOKES, though present at the inquest, took no part whatever in the examination of the witnesses, but merely gave evidence, as a surgeon, respecting the cause of the death of the deceased native. This transaction is altogether distinct from what is alleged to have taken place at Port Stephens; though, from its being mixed up with the latter affair, in Mr. HALL S letter to the Attorney General, it would appear to be merely a part of a regularly organized system to destroy the aborigines..


 
Item: 156548
Surname: Ashby (Indigenous)
First Name: Eliza Jane
Ship: -
Date: 1853 4 December
Place: Hexham
Source: Australian Births and Baptisms - Family Search Historical Records
Details: (part Aboriginal) Baptism of Eliza Jane, daughter of Joseph and Charlotte Ashby(born 31 October 1853)


 
Item: 177437
Surname: Atare (Indigenous)
First Name: -
Ship: -
Date: -
Place: Paterson River district
Source: Fifty Years Ago; An Australian Tale by Charles de Boos
Details: Description of three natives of the Paterson River district - Macomo (the leader); Atare and Opara


 
Item: 184745
Surname: Attunga (Indigenous)
First Name: -
Ship: -
Date: 3 August 1932
Place: Peel River district
Source: Sydney Mail
Details: A few miles away across the Peel river is the village of Attunga, the name of which in the aboriginal language means main camp. In reality the main camp of this particular Peel River tribe of blacks was at a spot now known throughout the district as the Melon Hole. This place is between the river and the main road not far from Gidley.



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