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Newcastle and Hunter Valley History

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Item: 173928
Surname: (Indigenous) Employment at Lake Macquarie
First Name: -
Ship: -
Date: 6 March 1827
Place: Lake Macquarie
Source: The Australian
Details: Native assisting Rev. Threlkeld to clear the land for his Mission


 
Item: 74431
Surname: (Indigenous) Encampment
First Name: -
Ship: -
Date: 7 June 1843
Place: Maitland
Source: CO
Details: About 100 encamped at Campbell s Hill


 
Item: 173686
Surname: (Indigenous) Encounter
First Name: -
Ship: -
Date: 21 October 1846
Place: Dungog
Source: MM
Details: ...We regret to say that the aboriginal natives of this part have had a serious encounter with the natives of Port Stephens. They met in the woods near Stroud, armed with muskets and kept up a treacherous fire, until one or more of the Stroud blacks were killed. The Commissioner Captain King immediatley espatched an express to Mr. Cook the magistrate to send over the troopers stationed in Dungog barracks to scour the bush, and scatter the blacks who had collected in great strength in the neighbourhood of Stroud...


 
Item: 181006
Surname: (Indigenous) Evidence in Court
First Name: -
Ship: -
Date: 11 September 1824
Place: Newcastle
Source: NSW Courts Magistrates, Newcastle Police Court: 1823-1825 (Ancestry)
Details: John Kendall in the service of government for wantonly injuring several cedar logs, the property of the crown by chipping them for fire wood. This charge being proved on the evidence of several black natives who were present as they state when the prisoner was cutting them and the prisoner when called on for his defence not being able to give any satisfactory reply to the charges adduced against him and being a notoriously bad character he was sentenced to 50 lashes and sent to the gaol gang


 
Item: 174705
Surname: (Indigenous) Expedition
First Name: -
Ship: -
Date: 9 December 1824
Place: -
Source: SG
Details: Two natives from the Hunter River tribe accompanied the Governors expedition to Moreton Bay on the Amity in 1824


 
Item: 72518
Surname: (Indigenous) Freedom Granted
First Name: -
Ship: -
Date: 6 February 1847
Place: Newcastle
Source: Maitland
Details: Governor Sir Charles Fitzroy discharged an aboriginal native from Newcastle gaol on his visit to Newcastle


 
Item: 145371
Surname: (Indigenous) Hyde
First Name: James
Ship: -
Date: 14 April 1852
Place: Newcastle
Source: Register Book of Christ Church Cathedral, Newcastle. Baptisms p.72
Details: Son of Charlotte. Baptism


 
Item: 181629
Surname: (Indigenous) Ill treatment by convicts
First Name: -
Ship: -
Date: 23 January 1826
Place: Newcastle
Source: NSW Courts Magistrates, Newcastle Police Court: 1823-1825 (Ancestry)
Details: Thomas Jones, in government service charged with ill-treating a native black girl. The Rev. Middleton states - I was walking near the beach yesterday and hearing some outcries I looked around and saw the prisoner attempting to force a little black girl into the thicket near him. He had a stick in his hand with which he appeared to be menacing the child. I walked towards them as fast as possible and ordered him to desist and to return to the town; he obeyed my orders in regard to the girl but refused to return to the town, saying he was looking for stray cattle being a government stockman. The Rev. Threlkeld (missionary) states...It has come within my knowledge that the prisoner is in the constant practice of annoying the black natives, they frequently complain of him to me; I have had some difficulty to prevent them from taking personal vengeance on him. The prisoner denies any intention of doing any black native the slightest injury. On his being asked if he is at present a Government Stockman, states, he was so last week but that he now belongs to the miner s gang. Thomas Jones sentenced to six months in the gaol gang


 
Item: 181734
Surname: (Indigenous) Ill treatment by convicts
First Name: -
Ship: -
Date: 27 October 1820
Place: Newcastle
Source: Convict Settlement
Details: Robert Davis Punished for inhumanely ill treating and cutting ablack native and intimidating him against bringing in bushrangers


 
Item: 181983
Surname: (Indigenous) Ill treatment by convicts
First Name: -
Ship: -
Date: 17 July 1826
Place: Newcastle
Source: NSW Courts Magistrates, Newcastle Police Court: 1823-1825, 1826-1827 (Ancestry)
Details: James Jackson, in the service of John Thomas charged with gross disrespectful and threatening language to the Rev. Threlkeld and exciting a disturbance tending to endanger the life of that Gentleman. The Rev. Threlkeld states - I was returning yesterday evening from Newcastle to my residence at the Farm Cottage accompanied by Mrs. Threlkeld and the maid servant. Near the Cedar Ground I heard a noise amongst the blacks and I perceived the prisoners amongst them. On my approach I heard him reply to some observations made to him by the blacks, - Bugger the bloody parson, what do I care for him - He had a spear in his hand and he came towards me brandishing it in a threatening posture. I seized the spear and ordered him to lose his hold of it, which he refused and struggled to retain it and it was only from my threatening to shoot him that he gave it up; he had also a waddie which was spotted with blood and I afterwards ascertained that a black woman was severely cut on the head, but cannot say it was done by the prisoner. He frequently addressed the blacks in their native language and seemed to be exciting them to violence indeed his conduct and language was most outrageous and disgusting both to Mrs. Threlkeld and myself. The prisoner was intoxicated but I think not so much so as to be incapable of knowing what he was doing. From his menaces to me and my family, I do not consider it safe if he is allowed to be at large. Ellen Moore, servant to Mr. Threlkeld states - I was accompanying my master and mistress home yesterday and on the way we heard a black woman screaming and a great noise among some blacks at a little distance; we went towards them and saw the prisoner of the party. I heard him make use of some very bad language about my master. He had a spear in his hand and seemed as if he would have thrown it at my master. He had also a waddie in his hand and I thought he would have struck my master with it. Constable Peter Riley states - at the desire of Mr. Threlkeld I went in pursuit of the prisoner yesterday evening. I found him in the street with a spear and throwing stick in his hand. He was intoxicated when I took him to the watch house. The prisoner in his defence states - I had received a pint of rum in payment for some work I had done. I got intoxicated and did not know what I was about. James Jackson sentenced to 75 lashes


 
Item: 182349
Surname: (Indigenous) Ill treatment by convicts
First Name: -
Ship: -
Date: 23 January 1827
Place: Newcastle
Source: NSW Courts Magistrates, Newcastle Police Court: 1823-1825, 1826-1827 (Ancestry)
Details: Catherine Ryan in the service of Mr. P. Reilly, charged with general neglect of work, drunkenness and insolence. Mr. Patrick Reilly states - On Saturday last my wife being from home, the conduct of the prisoner came more particularly under my notice, and I observed her general inattention to her duty about the house. In the course of the afternoon I detected her drinking spirits with some soldiers who were at my house and eventually she became so much intoxicated as to commit an outrage on a black native girl which caused considerable disturbance, so much so, that Mr. McLeod and other gentlemen who were with him left their room to enquire into it. Her general conduct is insufferable and when remonstrated with she answers with the utmost insolence. The prisoner states in her defence - I only pushed the black girl out of the house and in so doing I obeyed my mistresses orders - it was not my fault that the girl fell. I could not help the noise. It is impossible to please either master or mistress. Catherine Ryan sentenced to 3rd Class of the Factory for six months


 
Item: 174174
Surname: (Indigenous) Illness
First Name: -
Ship: -
Date: 25 January 1911
Place: Newcastle
Source: NMH
Details: The following letter written to the Bench of Magistrates on 14th September 1849 by the Rev. C.P.N. Wilton at that time vice president of the hospital, indicates that the magistrates wished to make the hospital a benevolent home. This was objected to by the committee. The letter written in a hand which might in truth be called a scrawl, is as follows: Gentlemen, In reply to your letter, received from the police yesterday, relative to the admission of an aboriginal black into the Newcastle District Hospital for support, I have the honour to inform you that your letter has this morning been laid before the committee of that institution; and I am directed to acquaint you that no individual can be admitted into the hospital unless he or she as the case may be, require either medical or surgical treatment, I have the honour to be, gentlemen, your most obedient, C.Pleydell N. Wilton


 
Item: 73571
Surname: (Indigenous) Land
First Name: -
Ship: -
Date: 10 April 1850
Place: Lake Macquarie
Source: MM
Details: 800 acres on Lake Macquarie being part of a reserve for the aborigines cancelled and land to be offered for lease by auction


 
Item: 174119
Surname: (Indigenous) Language
First Name: -
Ship: -
Date: 19 March 1913
Place: Lake Macquarie
Source: NMH
Details: The work done by the Rev. L.E. Threlkeld in connection with the aborigines of New South Wales and more particularly those resident in the Newcastle and Lake Macquarie districts and his publications dealing with the language of the natives were noticed by scientists and some of the leading men of the day. Some of the letters received by him were never published but were kept in the Mitchell library. Here and there in the collection is one of special interest not only because of the contents but because of the fame of the author. One was from Sir George Grey at that time Governor of New Zealand..Sir George wrote asking for a copy of a work published in 1826 by the Rev. L.E. Threlkeld entitled Specimens of Australian Dialect. In other letters he offfered to pay for a copy of St. Lukes Gospel and also for other works by Mr. Threlkeld in the aboriginal tongue. Amongst the works of Mr. Threlkeld were evidently those which he called the Kamilaroi books containing specimens of the language of that great branch of the aborigines of NSW


 
Item: 180370
Surname: (Indigenous) Laws
First Name: -
Ship: -
Date: 17 May 1848
Place: Newcastle
Source: Newcastle Court of Petty Sessions Letter Book
Details: Correspondence from Major Crummer to Robert Plunkett, Attorney GeneralThe remains of an aboriginal native having been recently discovered in this neighbourhood and it being generally suspected that deceased was murdered by members of the Newcastle and Port Stephens tribes I do myself the honor to request that I may be informed whether equal protection is afforded to the aboriginal natives of this colony as to British subjects by the Laws relating to injuries against the person and whether proceedings are to be instituted against the suspected murderers in the present instance


 
Item: 72519
Surname: (Indigenous) Maitland Hospital
First Name: -
Ship: -
Date: 29 September 1847
Place: Maitland
Source: MM
Details: Dr. Sloan to amputate arm of native as it had been badly set . Native disappeared


 
Item: 84924
Surname: (Indigenous) Maitland Tribe
First Name: -
Ship: -
Date: 22 January 1842
Place: Maitland
Source: Hunter River Gazette
Details: Blacks returned to Maitland from one of their short periods of absence and commenced drunken gaity and savage quarrelling


 
Item: 167441
Surname: (Indigenous) Maitland Tribe
First Name: -
Ship: -
Date: 3 December 1881
Place: -
Source: Maitland Mercury
Details: The Aborigines by John Fraser.....The aborigines are rapidly disappearing from amongst us. Not so long ago a score of blacks of the Maitland tribe could have easily been collected here; now only two or three are to be seen in our streets; soon the tribe will be extinct


 
Item: 145370
Surname: (Indigenous) Mary Ann Hide (Hyde)
First Name: -
Ship: -
Date: 8 February 1859
Place: Newcastle
Source: Register Book of Christ Church Cathedral, Newcastle. Baptisms p.72
Details: Daughter of Charlotte


 
Item: 167729
Surname: (Indigenous) Midwife
First Name: -
Ship: -
Date: 1802
Place: -
Source: History of NSW - George Barrington
Details: AMONG the natives of this country, neither the midwife, or man-midwife, would find any employ, for females receive no assistance, and women only are suffered to be present, as the children are suffered to come into the world by the efforts of nature, and it is by no means uncommon to see the woman a few hours after her delivery walking about as usual. The new born infant is carried about a short time by the mother on a piece of bark, till it acquires strength



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