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Newcastle and Hunter Valley History

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Item: 78445
Surname: Newcastle gaol
First Name: -
Ship: -
Date: 1827 9 May
Place: Newcastle
Source: Australian
Details: Found by GrandJurors to be clean and in good order with wholesome provisions


 
Item: 80530
Surname: Newcastle gaol
First Name: -
Ship: -
Date: 1834 2 May
Place: Newcastle
Source: Australian
Details: Iron gang men attempted to burn the Newcastle gaol where they were confined until the Stockade is finished


 
Item: 87636
Surname: Newcastle Gaol
First Name: -
Ship: -
Date: 1825 18 May
Place: Newcastle
Source: CSI
Details: John Large per 'Atlas' Constable and assistant Turnkey H.M. Gaol Newcastle


 
Item: 106311
Surname: Newcastle gaol
First Name: -
Ship: -
Date: 1830 7 October
Place: Newcastle
Source: Index to Colonial Secretary Letters to Sherif 5 July 1828 - 31 December 1850
Details: Samuel Bailey employed as Turnkey at Newcastle gaol


 
Item: 106315
Surname: Newcastle gaol
First Name: -
Ship: -
Date: 1838 21 November
Place: Newcastle
Source: Index to Colonial Secretary Letters to Sherif 5 July 1828 - 31 December 1850
Details: William Berry employed as constable at the gaol


 
Item: 107208
Surname: Newcastle gaol
First Name: -
Ship: -
Date: 1841 21 January
Place: Newcastle
Source: Register Book of Christ Church Cathedral Newcastle. Burials p5
Details: Death of Matthew Frazer, turnkey at Newcastle gaol


 
Item: 107227
Surname: Newcastle gaol
First Name: -
Ship: -
Date: 1847 27 March
Place: Newcastle
Source: MM
Details: Findlay Kerr, clerk at Newcastle gaol died aged 40 after a sudden illness


 
Item: 115603
Surname: Newcastle gaol
First Name: -
Ship: -
Date: 1832 11 October
Place: -
Source: Sydney Morning Herald
Details: 40 female prisoners being sent from the Female Factory at Parramatta on the Government schooner 'Isabella'


 
Item: 124577
Surname: Newcastle gaol
First Name: -
Ship: -
Date: 1842 30 May
Place: Newcastle
Source: SH
Details: 160 prisoners confined in Newcastle gaol. 100 for trial at the next Quarter Sessions including a soldier and 4 convicts who escaped from Nobbys Island


 
Item: 125985
Surname: Newcastle Gaol
First Name: -
Ship: -
Date: 1836 27 July
Place: Newcastle
Source: GG
Details: John Battersby, David Cole and John Dallinger apprehended after absconding from Newcatle gaol


 
Item: 125996
Surname: Newcastle gaol
First Name: -
Ship: -
Date: 1836 20 July
Place: Newcastle
Source: GG
Details: Timothy Bolster and Patrick Conlon absconded from Newcastle gaol 8th July


 
Item: 132178
Surname: Newcastle gaol
First Name: -
Ship: -
Date: 1947 5 September
Place: Newcastle
Source: SMH
Details: Convict coalmine tunnel on Nobbys near the base on the seaward face provided coal for the local gaol


 
Item: 168926
Surname: Newcastle Gaol
First Name: -
Ship: -
Date: 13 April 1886
Place: near Newcastle
Source: MM
Details: Home Bush Estate - A Grant from the Crown to the Late John Field, Governor of Newcastle Gaol in 1837 and subsequent years. This splendid property comprises sixty acres of pasture and orchard beautifully situated on the banks of the navigable river Hunter midway between Newcastle and Maitland. Also a Stone Built Dwelling House containing four rooms, hall, verandah; two rooms 15ft by 12 ft; two rooms 15 feet by 15 feet; height of ceiling 11 feet; kitchen, two rooms built of stone. Outbuildings - shed, swine house etc.


 
Item: 168927
Surname: Newcastle Gaol
First Name: -
Ship: -
Date: 18 March 1844
Place: Newcastle
Source: SMH
Details: Elizabeth Danford in custody at Newcastle gaol on a charge of bigamy


 
Item: 168928
Surname: Newcastle Gaol
First Name: -
Ship: -
Date: 14 October 1846
Place: from Newcastle
Source: Sydney Chronicle
Details: Petition to the Legislative from Eliza Jane Field, widow of the late John Field, a native of the Colony and for twenty years governor of Newcastle gaol, praying that some consideration might be granted her on account of the long services of her late husband


 
Item: 174161
Surname: Newcastle gaol
First Name: -
Ship: -
Date: 11 January 1911
Place: Newcastle
Source: NMH
Details: Correspondence of Major Crummer to E.D. Day re Refusal by of the officers of the Newcastle gaol to receive a lunatic into the gaol.


 
Item: 180182
Surname: Newcastle Gaol
First Name: -
Ship: -
Date: 10 November 1845
Place: Newcastle
Source: Newcastle Court of Petty Sessions Letter Book
Details: Letter 45/131. Correspondence from Magistrate Major Crummer re the escape of John Taylor, free, committed for trial, from the Newcastle gaol. His escape was effected without the knowledge of the officers of the gaol and might have remained a secret but for the unusual appearance of slabs being found against the wall of the airing yard which created suspicion as the precautionary measure of calling the roll of the prisoners upon their transfer to and from the airing yard previous to the constable taking charge of them had not then been adopted by the present gaoler or his predecessor Mr. Field. The constable William Nelson had no reason to believe the prisoner was conniving to escape. The plank found against the wall which assisted the prisoner in his escape were up from the lining of the brick platform in the yard but even without this assistance the state of the interior face of the wall of the airing yard affords very great facility for escape as the bricks are so decomposed as to present sure parting to any prisoner of activity disposed to take advantage of any favourable opportunity that should present itself for escaping. This state of the walls of the prison yard has been represented and reports sent in to the Colonial Architect some time back but without the desired result and I feel confident that had the wall been in a proper state of repair that the present occurrence would not have to be recorded. The prisoner was captured and taken back to the gaol by Constable Lackey in the course of a few hours


 
Item: 180340
Surname: Newcastle Gaol
First Name: -
Ship: -
Date: 7 February 1848
Place: Newcastle
Source: Newcastle Court of Petty Sessions Letter Book
Details: Correspondence from the Magistrate Major Crummer re Supply of Fuel and Water to the Gaol.....I do myself the honor to state that one hundred gallons of water are required for daily use for cooking, drinking, washing etc., where the average number of persons amount to seventy. The distance at present from whence the supply of water can be obtained is upwards of a quarter of a mile through land. The number of fires during winter are seventy and in summer four for which an allowance of nine tons of coal has been granted being at the rate of three pounds daily for each person. The distance from the A.A. Company place of delivery to the gaol is about half a mile the greater part is land hills. The duties of messengers are as follows - the conveyance to a distance from the gaol twice each day of the soil from the privies, wards, cells etc.,. Drawing the rations for the prisoners daily to procure from the town bread, tea, sugar and other articles for prisoners committed for trial etc and conveying reports and messages to the visiting Justice , also the medical attendant and Chaplain of the Gaol at various and uncertain hours when necessity requires. One man is required to accompany the gaoler to Maitland six times each year to draw rations and water to cook and attend the prisoners sent for trial at the sittings of the Circuit Courts and Court of Quarter Sessions which would deprive the gaol of a messenger in the event of there being but one servant allowed to the Establishment during the periodical attendance at the above Courts


 
Item: 182152
Surname: Newcastle Gaol
First Name: -
Ship: -
Date: 18 October 1826
Place: Newcastle
Source: NSW Courts Magistrates, Newcastle Police Court: 1823-1825, 1826-1827 (Ancestry)
Details: Richard Edwards per ship Grenada, in government service, charged with disobedience of orders. Mr. James Crofts, keeper of the gaol states - This morning I saw the prisoner who is a wards man at the gaol, in the act of handing up some fire through one of the windows to a prisoner confined in an upper room, by means of a cord which had been let down for that purpose. This is a practice which I have strictly forbid as it endangers the safety of the gaol and it is only a few days since that the gaol was partially on fire from that cause. The prisoner is well aware of my orders on this head, and must have been conscious at the time that he was acting in defiance of them. The prisoner expresses contrition for the offence says, he was not aware of its being contrary to orders. Richard Edwards sentenced to 25 lashes


 
Item: 182388
Surname: Newcastle Gaol
First Name: -
Ship: -
Date: 19 February 1827
Place: Newcastle
Source: NSW Courts Magistrates, Newcastle Police Court: 1823-1825, 1826-1827 (Ancestry)
Details: John Smith in service of government charged with neglect of work. Mr. James Crofts, states - The prisoner with others belonging to his gang were sent about 10 or 12 days ago to plaister and white wash the gaol. I pointed out to him what was to be done. They worked well the first day; the next Smith asked me for a task, which I refused, telling him it was the Government regulation to work from morning till night, upon which Smith observed I should get nothing by it in the long run. He then began to work in a very careless manner, cursing and swearing all the while. He and his assistants took two days to white wash the cells....William McDonald being duly sworn states - I have white washed the gaol at different periods during the last ten years. With good brushes aI have white washed the range of cells in two hours - it never took more than four hours when I have had slight repairs to make. It makes a deal of difference between hair and grass brushes as to time and appearance, it would take just double the time with a grass brush to what it would with a hair one. The prisoner in his defence denies the gaolers statement, says it is impossible to do the work in the time specified by MacDonald. John Smith sentenced to 30 lashes



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