Free Settler or Felon?

Newcastle and Hunter Valley History

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Item: 182026
Surname: Higgins
First Name: Constable George
Ship: -
Date: 9 August 1826
Place: Newcastle
Source: NSW Courts Magistrates, Newcastle Police Court: 1823-1825, 1826-1827 (Ancestry)
Details: Patrick Kavanagh, in government service charged with absconding from his gang and taking to the bush. Mr. George Muir, chief constable, states - On 3rd August, Kavanagh ran from his gang on the Wallis Plains road. He was brought back on Monday evening by Constable George Higgins who informed me he had taken him into custody at the 1st branch of Hunter River....The day on which the prisoner absconded a prisoner who worked in the same gang Kavanagh belongs to was stripped of all his clothing. Kavanagh previous to absconding had not a grey slop jacket, but more a duck frock, but now he has a jacket of the same as that stolen. Prisoner admits having absconded from his gang, and throws himself on the mercy of the court. Denies having taken away any slop clothing, says he bought the jacket from a man whom he does not know for a dump. Patrick Kavanagh sentenced to 75 lashes


 
Item: 182243
Surname: Higgins
First Name: Constable George
Ship: -
Date: 17 November 1826
Place: Newcastle
Source: NSW Courts Magistrates, Newcastle Police Court: 1823-1825, 1826-1827 (Ancestry)
Details: Patrick Hoy, Samuel Harris, Edward Flyn, William Ward and John Austin, all in the service of the Australian Agricultural Company at Port Stephens charged with being at large without passes....Mr. George Muir, chief constable states - On Wednesday evening the prisoners were delivered to my custody by Constable George Higgins and a soldier of the Buffs who stated they had received them from Mr. Joseph Pennington, overseer and some native blacks at the 1st branch of the Hunter River. A letter from Mr. Joseph Pennington, a free settler, produced and read of which the following is a copy.....Leigh Farm, Hunters River, 14th November 1826...I beg leave to report that my overseer in junction with the following named black natives viz doughboy, Kennedy, Bremen, Taylor and Jemmy Murray, captured the five following named convict servants assigned to the A.A. Co., who ran from their service on Saturday evening last viz - Edward Flyn (Surry 4th), Samuel Harris (Norfolk), Patrick Hoy (Isabella), John Austin (Hebe) and William Ward (Ann and Amelia). I should conceive my overseer as well as the Blacks are entitled to some reward as a stimulus to future exertions and request they may be noticed as others are performing similar services, I am, Sir, Joseph Pennington......The prisoner being called on to account for their being absent from their assignments - Patrick Hoy states as follows - Our reason for leaving Port Stephens was for the purpose of proceeding to the nearest Magistrate to make our complaint - We were on the way to Newcastle when we met Mr. Pennington s overseer to whom we surrendered ourselves and accompanied him without objection altho we were five in number. Four of us belong to the same gang at Port Stephens and were employed in breaking up new ground. There were sixteen in the gang and every Monday morning one hundred rod per man was measured off for our weeks work. The ground was hard to work and we were not able to accomplish the task, upon one occasion 15 of the gang received 25 lashes each for not performing it. I escaped from being on the sick list, besides which it was sometimes the custom to stop our allowance of tea and sugar if the task was not completed. It is impossible to do 100 rod in a week on new ground such as we had to work. We tried to do it but could not. We have even got to work in the morning before the Bugle sounded for work to try what we could do but with our utmost efforts from day break to sun set we could not succeed. Our rations are good. We have no complaints on that account. Harris, Flyn and Ward corroborate this statement. John Austin states - I was employed with two others to put up fences, that is not my trade - I am a sawyer. We were tasked to do 20 rod of rail per week, to cut and split the stuff and mortice and put it up. It is more than any three men can do. On remonstrating with Mr. Dawson, he said we must do even more. Remanded for a further hearing


 
Item: 64244
Surname: Higgins
First Name: George
Ship: -
Date: 1827 20 August
Place: Patterson's Plains
Source: SG
Details: Deceased. Position of constable and scouger taken by William Smith


 
Item: 47968
Surname: Higgins
First Name: George
Ship: Anne 1810
Date: 1820 29 December
Place: Newcastle
Source: CSI
Details: On list of prisoners transported to Newcastle per 'Lady Nelson'


 
Item: 47969
Surname: Higgins
First Name: George
Ship: Anne 1810
Date: 1825 22 April
Place: Countys Northumberland and Durham
Source: CSI
Details: On return of persons on Police establishment


 
Item: 104731
Surname: Higgins
First Name: George
Ship: Anne 1810
Date: Burial 1827 July
Place: Port Stephens
Source: Register Book of Christ Church Cathedral, Newcastle . Burials p.3
Details: Age: 41. Occupaton: constable


 
Item: 176596
Surname: Higgins
First Name: George
Ship: Anne 1810
Date: 1824
Place: Newcastle district
Source: Newcastle (Hunter River) Population Book, 1824 - Ancestry
Details: Born c. 1789. Employed as constable at the 1st branch of the Hunter River Resided with his wife Margaret Higgins


 
Item: 184777
Surname: Higgins
First Name: George
Ship: Anne 1810
Date: -
Place: -
Source: Convict Indent. State Archives NSW; Series: NRS 12188; Item: [4/4004]; Microfiche: 632. Ancestry
Details: Tried at Kent 14 March 1808 and sentenced to transportation for life


 
Item: 47970
Surname: Higgins
First Name: John alias George
Ship: Tyne 1819
Date: 1822 7 May
Place: Newcastle
Source: CSI
Details: On list of prisoners transported to Newcastle per 'Elizabeth Henrietta'


 
Item: 47971
Surname: Higgins
First Name: John alias George
Ship: Tyne 1819
Date: 1822 October
Place: Newcastle
Source: c
Details: On monthly return of prisoners punished at Newcastle. Sentenced to 50 lashes for disobedience of orders in working for a Settler without permission



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