Free Settler or Felon?

Samuel Alexander R.N.


First Name

Surname / Subject


Samuel Alexander R.N.

Convict Ship Surgeon-Superintendent

SAMUEL ALEXANDER of the Royal Navy was employed as Surgeon-Superintendent on the convict ship Almorah in 1820.

The Almorah departed the Cove of Cork 24 August 1820 and arrived in Port Jackson on 22 December 1820. [1]

Samuel Alexander kept a Medical Journal from 24th June 1820 to 5th January 1821. He joined the Almorah at Deptford where she was being fitted for the reception of the convicts and on the 11 July, they sailed down the river bound for Cork where the men were to be embarked.

He recorded in the journal at the end of the voyage that - ulcers were troublesome to the convicts in the first part of the voyage and were to be attributed to the prisoners entertaining an idea that if they could get their legs ulcerated, their irons would be taken off; however by undeceiving the convict on this head, and pursuing a strict plan of treatment, the ulcers were soon overcome..

He also ensured that cleanliness and ventilation in the prison were maintained as best as possible. The prisoners were kept occupied by his plan of appointing a particular duty each day such as scrubbing cloths, mustering clothes, airing bedding etc. A school was also established amongst the prisoners. [2]

He was planning to leaving the colony at the earliest opportunity and requested claims to be presented in January 1821.


[1] Sydney Gazette 23 December 1820

[2] UK Royal Navy Medical Journals, 1817-1857



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