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Boardman of the Lake Macquarie Tribe - National Library of Victoria


Indigenous Notes

Indigenous Names and Events - A collection of indigenous information including names, events and customs of tribes in the Hunter Valley, Port Stephens, Lake Macquarie and Central Coast districts of New South Wales.

Hunter Valley Place Names - Notes on the origins and locations of Hunter Valley place names including many aboriginal place names.

1795 - Charles Grimes - Account of the Natives of Port Stephens from An Account of the English Colony of New South Wales.

1796 - David Collins records in his narrative An Account of the English Colony of New South Wales that in June 1796 a group in a fishing boat returned from a bay near Port Stephens and brought with them several large pieces of coal which they found some little distance from the beach, lying in considerable quantity on the surface of the ground. Collins remarked that the fishermen had conducted themselves improperly while on shore, two of them were severely wounded by the natives, one of whom died soon after he reached the hospital. (p.328)

1800 - Discovery of Lake Macquarie - The Master of the Martha was conducted by some natives to a spot at a small distance from the mouth, where he found an abundance of coal

1808 - Murder at Newcastle - 1808

1816 - 1818 - Corrobborree, or Dance of the Natives of New South Wales., engraver Walter Preston. Artist Joseph Lycett. Depicted second from left in this image is Burigon, a leader of the Awakabal people of the Newcastle and Lake Macquarie district - National Portrait Gallery

1818 - A Description of Newcastle Aboriginal people by traveller W.B. Cramp written in 1818

1819 - John Howe's Expedition

1821 - John Bingle's excursion to Lake Macquarie

1823 - Trial of Hatherly and Jackie

1825 - An account of Missionary Rev. Lancelot Threlkeld's first few months in Newcastle in 1825 in which he provides descriptions of the native tribe and their customs

1825 - Ellen Bundock's Memoirs - Ellen Bundock's description of King Jerry of the Merton tribe

1826 - Robert Dawson's Arrival in Australia and Travels North from Port Stephens 1826

1830 - Announcement from the Sydney Gazette of Rev. Threlkeld's Translation of the Awabakal Language

1831 - Sir Thomas Livingstone Mitchell's description of the remnants of the aboriginal tribe of Brisbane Water in 1831.

1836 - Sir Thomas Livingstone Mitchell and John Waugh Drysdale encounters with the Goulburn River tribe

1836 - NSW Government Records relating to Aboriginal People – mid north coast, NSW including Port Stephens, Gloucester and Barrington - Hunter Living Histories

Boardman 1836 plate in A series of twelve profile portraits of Aborigines of New South Wales, published by J. G. Austin, Sydney, 1836 William Fernyhough

1839 - United States Exploring Expedition to Lake Macquarie in 1839 with mention of indigenous guides.

Biraban and John Mander Gill

Memoirs of Rev. Richard George Boodle describing the remnants of the Muswellbrook tribe - 1848

Reminiscences of Aboriginal Customs - Hunter and Paterson Rivers

Barbarisms - From The Australian Language as spoken by the Awabakal people of Lake Macquarie - Rev. Lancelot Threlkeld......... Certain Barbarisms have crept into use introduced by sailors, stockmen and others who have paid no attention to the aboriginal tongue, in the use of which both blacks and whites labour under the mistaken idea that each one is conversing in the other's language. The following list contains the most common:

Barbarism Meaning Aboriginal
Boojery good murrorong
Bail no keawai
Bogy to bathe nurongkilliko
Bimble Earth Purrai
Boomiring a weapon turrama
Budgel sickness munni
Cudgel tobacco kuttul (smoke)
Gammon falsehood nakoiyaye
Gibber a stone tunung
Gummy a spear warre
Goonyer hut kokere
Hillimung a shield koreil
Jin a wif porikunbai
Jerrund fear kinta
Kangaroo an animal karai
Carbon large Kanwul
Mije little mitti; warea
Mogo axe baibai
Murry many muraiai
Pickaninney child wounai
Piyaller to speak wiyelliko
Tuggererrer cold takara
Wikky bread kunto
Waddy a cudgel Kotirra
Wommerrer a weapon yakirri



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