Prisoners of the Vittoria
came from counties throughout England, Scotland and Wales - London, Somerset, Bucks, Cornwall, York, Northumberland, Devon, Stafford, Wiltshire, Gloucester, Chester, Lancaster, Westmorland, Durham, Dorset, Cumberland, Warwick, Norfolk, Hereford, Hertford, Plymouth, Isle of Man Edinburgh, Perth, Glasgow Stirling, Aberdeen, Jedburgh, Cardigan, Monmouth as well as Sierra Leone, Portugal and Mafra. Many were held in prison hulks to await transportation. The men who were held on the Justitia hulk were transferred to the ship on 8th August 1828.
The Military Guard consisted of a detachment of 30 men of the 63rd regiment, under orders of Lieut. Aubyn. They joined the ship at Deptford in August. Select here
to find other convict ships bringing detachments of the 63rd regiment.
One hundred and sixty prisoners were embarked on the Vittoria
at Woolwich and Devonport.
Four Commissariat clerks - Edward Montague Archdeacon, Henry Edward Vaux, Mr. Ganes and John Kent came as passengers.
The United Service Magazine, Volume 10, Page 3 By Arthur William Alsager Pollock
departed Devonport for Port Jackson under E.N.E winds and a fine day on 1 September 1828. She touched at Tenerife where water was procured and left there on the 24 September 1828.
SURGEON JAMES DICKSON
James Dickson kept a Medical Journal from 1st August 1827 to 30 July 1829.............
After departing from Teneriffe some prisoners began to suffer from fevers and then dysentery, mostly in men who had previously suffered other diseases and the illness was attributed to their change of diet and climate. James Dickson treated them with rhubarb and opiates.
About the latitude of the Cape of Good Hope when the weather began to cool, symptoms of scorbutus began to appear notwithstanding every attention paid to the soaking of provisions, exercise, clothing, ventilation, cleanliness towards the termination of the voyage. This dreadful malady had increased to an alarming extent and from the long passage all the medical comforts and lemon juice were expended.
James Dickson reported that there had been ten deaths (nine convicts) in total and in all twenty-one men suffered from scurvy. There were three accidents during the voyage as well.
Those mentioned in the convict indents include:
Barnaby Cotterill died on 29 September 1828 (febris)
Addin Grimley died 29 September 1828 (Carrarh, hepatitis)
William Massey did 17 January 1829 (Tabes)
Michael McAuliffe died 5 January 1829 (Hydrathorax)
Edward Townshend died 8 January 1829
David Sawyer died 23 December 1828 (Tabes)
Benjamin Whitely died 5 January 1829 (Haemoptysis)
Illness suffered by the convicts during the voyage included Phlegmone, Pneumonia, Tonsillitis, Rheumatismus, Haemoptysis, Catarrh, Dysenteria, Tabes, Hydrothorax, Ascites, Icterus and Marasmus.
ARRIVAL IN PORT JACKSON
arrived in Port Jackson on 17 January 1829 and immediately upon the arrival all the sick (17 men) were sent on shore to the hospital.
A muster of 134 convicts was held on board on 22nd January by Colonial Secretary Alexander McLeay
The indents include information such as name, age, education, marital status, family, religion, trade, offence, date and place of trial, physical description and where and to whom the convicts were assigned on arrival. There are also occasional notes regarding deaths, colonial crimes, certificates of freedom etc.
Some of the convicts from the Vittoria
were sent to the Hunter Valley region where they were assigned to various settlers - Thomas Potter Macqueen, Peter McIntyre, John McIntyre, Archibald Bell, Samuel Wright, John Eales, Robert Adamson Rodd, George Wyndham, James Bowman, Timothy Nowlan, James Adair, Edward G. Cory, Crawford Logan Brown and Timothy Nowlan. Select here
to find out more about these settlers.
One of the Vittoria
convicts achieved fame of sorts and there was even a place named for him however it came at the cost of his life...... Stephen Bombellia a baker from Norfolk was first assigned to Thomas Potter Macqueen
at Invermein. When Sir Thomas Livingston Mitchell's expedition
passed through the district in 1831 Stephen Bombellia was chosen to join the party in place of another ill-behaved convict. According to Mitchell, convicts were keen to join expeditions because of the possible reward of freedom if they performed well. Stephen Bombellia was murdered by natives and his bones lay buried 25 km from Moree near the watercourse that for many years carried his name.
DEPARTURE OF THE VITTORIA FROM PORT JACKSON
departed for Batavia in February.
NOTES AND LINKS
1). D.A.C.G. Henry Edward Vaux was a brother-in-law of Colonel James Thomas Morisset
. He died after being swept off the rocks at Port Macquarie in April 1834.
2). Return of Convicts of the Vittoria
assigned between 1st January 1832 and 31st March 1832 (Sydney Gazette 14 June 1832; 21 June 1832).....
Oliver Hoare - Stone cutter assigned to Robert Futter at Argyle
Thomas HughesMountebank. Assigned to Joseph Hicks at Lane Cove
Jonah Hoggarth - Farmer, ploughs. Assigned to Robert Burke at Campbelltown
Michael Harrison - Factory labourer. Assigned to Robert McIntosh at Sydney
Lewis Solomon - Stable boy assigned to William Kerr in Sydney
John Randall - Stone cutter and setter assigned to Archibald Little
at Hunter's River
John Stacey - Miller and millwright assigned to Simeon Lord at Sydney
3). John Wales a former shopkeeper from Greenock was executed 10th May 1836 for robbery with fire arms.
4). Convict ships bringing detachments of the 63rd regiment
departed Sheerness 1 June 1828 - Lieutenant M. Vickery
departed London 29 June 1828 - Major Sholto Douglas
Marquis of Hastings
departed 30 June 1828 - Ensign Stulbmer
departed Spithead 26 August 1828 - Captain J. Briggs
departed Devonport1 September 1828 - Lieutenant Aubyn
departed Cork 21 September 1828 - Lieutenant J. Gibbons Lane
departed Dublin 16 November 1828 - Captain D'Arcy Wentworth
departed Falmouth 2 January 1829 - Captain Baylee
departed London 5 January 1829 - Lieut-Col. Burke
departed London 14 March 1829 - Lieutenant T. Grove
departed Woolwich 8 April 1829 - Adjutant T. Montgomery
departed Spithead 22 May 1829 - Ensign W.J. Darling
departed Dublin 12 July 1829 - Lieut McLean 89th
departed Cork 16 August 1829 - Captain Mahon
departed London 24 August 1829 - Captain Paterson
departed London 29 August 1829 - Lieutenant Croly
departed 30 September 1829 - Lieutenant John Gray
Katherine Stewart Forbes
departed Spithead 14 October 1829 - Major Fairtclough
5). National Archives
- Reference: ADM 101/72/4B Description: Medical and surgical journal of the convict ship Vittoria from 1 August 1828 to 30 January 1829 by James Dickson during which time the said ship was employed on a passage to New South Wales.
 Ancestry.com. UK, Royal Navy Medical Journals, 1817-1857 Medical Journal of James Dickson on the voyage of the Vittoria in 1829. The National Archives. Kew, Richmond, Surrey.
 Bateson, Charles & Library of Australian History (1983). The convict ships, 1787-1868 (Australian ed). Library of Australian History, Sydney : pp.348-349, 386