Convict Ship Eliza II (1)
Embarked 192 men
Voyage 112 days
Surgeon's Journal: yes
Previous vessel: Champion arrived 17 October 1827
Next vessel: John arrived 25 November 1827
Master Daniel Leary
Surgeon Superintendent George Shaw Rutherford
Follow the Irish Convict Ship Trail
Convicts and passengers of the Eliza II identified in the Hunter Valley
The Eliza II was built in India in 1806. This was her first voyage bringing convict to New South Wales. She was the next convict ship to leave Ireland bound for New South Wales after the departure of the Cambridge in June 1827. 
Crimes of the Prisoners of the ElizaWhile most of the prisoners of the Eliza II were convicted of crimes of petty theft and burglary, the indents reveal that there were also men transported for White Boy crimes such as administering unlawful oaths. Three brothers Denis, John and Thomas Dempsey were transported under Lord Ellenborough's Act.
DepartureThe Eliza II departed London on 20th June 1827 bound for Cork where she embarked her prisoners and departed on 19 July 1827.
The Eliza II came direct without calling at any ports.
Surgeon George Shaw RutherfordGeorge Shaw Rutherford kept a Medical Journal from 15 May 1827 to 26th November 1827. He was well experienced this being his fourth voyage as surgeon superintendent on a convict ship and it was remarked on his arrival in the colony that he looked much better than ever. All of the prisoners survived the journey.
Unusually, the Master of the vessel Lieutenant Leary R.N., spent three weeks on the sick list. He fell ill with rheumatism on 30th August suffering pain in his thigh and knee and wasn't discharged until the third week in September.
Around 25-26 September there was a major outbreak of diarrhoea amongst the convicts. All the convicts survived however soldier George Moron died in October after suffering 'dysentery'.
A soldier's wife gave birth on the voyage.
George Shaw Rutherford was born in Ireland in 1789 so approximately 38 years of age on this voyage. He was the brother of James Rutherford also a surgeon superintendent. Select here to read James Rutherford's correspondence written in 1837 regarding his brother George and the accusations of James Mudie.
In 1831 George Rutherford gave evidence before a Select Committee which was appointed to inquire into the best mode of giving efficiency to Secondary Punishments and to report their Observations to the House. Select here to read the evidence he gave
George Rutherford was surgeon on the convict ships Prince of Orange in 1821, Shipley in 1822, Commodore Hayes in 1823 (VDL), Marquis of Hastings in 1826, Eliza in 1827, Lord Melville in 1829, Royal Admiral in 1830 and the China 1846 (to Norfolk Island)
Military GuardThe Guard comprised a detachment of the 30th regiment under orders of twenty-five year old Lieutenant William James Yonge of 46th regiment who was accompanied by his new wife Anna Maria. W.J. Yonge was appointed Ensign in the 46th on 27 July 1826 and Lieutenant 17 May 1827.( Hart's Annual Army List, Militia List, and Imperial Yeomanry List). More information about William James Yonge from "Yonge of Caynton House and the U.S.A" (online)...... William James Yonge was born at Caynton in Shropshire on 16th October 1802. He served in the Army, rising to the rank of Lieutenant-Colonel of the 1st Battalion 60th Rifles. He married 1stly at St. George's Hanover Square on 1st March 1827 Anna Maria daughter of Lambert Maloney. He married 2ndly, at Bombay in India on 1st November 1847 Martha Ann Deacon. He died on 28th August 1877 at Jullundur in India and was buried there. His widow died on 27th December 1887.
Royal NavyPassengers included George MacLeay Esq., the third and youngest son of the Colonial Secretary Alexander MacLeay who was about eighteen years of age and had recently finished his education at Westminster School.
George MacLeay died at Mentone, France, on 24 June 1891. The Sydney Morning Herald included a brief obituary in their publication dated 29 June 1891...The death is announced, at Mentone, of Sir George Macleay, K.C.M.G., eldest son of the late Hon. Alexr. Macleay, F.R.S., formerly Colonial Secretary and Speaker of the Legislative Council of New South Wales. The late Sir George Macleay, who was in his 82nd year at the time of his death, was for many years a member of the Legislative Council of New South Wales, and for his public services to this colony, as well as in assisting in Australian exploration, he was created a C.M.G. in 1869, and was advanced to K.C.M.G. in 1875. He came out to the colony at an early age and in 1830 accompanied Captain Stuart on his expedition down the Rivers Murrumbidgee and Murray.
More about Sir George McLeay at the Australian Dictionary of Biography