Free Settler or Felon
Convict and Colonial History

Alexander Anderson - Mariner and Settler

Map 6

Alexander Anderson first came to Australia as First Officer on the male convict ship Grenada in 1819.

Voyage of the Grenada

He was Master of the Grenada on the voyage in 1825 bringing female prisoners to New South Wales. On this voyage, the Grenada departed Gravesend on 2nd October 1824 with 81 female prisoners and 15 children. Peter Cunningham was employed as surgeon superintendent.

Cabin passengers included Lieut. William Ogilvie with his wife and four children; Susan White; Henry Boucher Bowerman with wife and daughter; Rev. Frederick Wilkinson and Heneage Finch.

In Dawn in the Valley, W. Allan Wood describes Alexander Anderson as a tall and powerfully built young Scot who was greatly admired by the passengers. He brought the Grenada through a frightening gale in the Bay of Biscay which lasted for three days and with the assistance of surgeon Peter Cunningham brought the convicts and passengers safely into Port Jackson on 23 January 1825.

The Sydney Gazette carried a notice to Captain Anderson inserted by grateful passengers of the Grenada thanking him for his liberal and gentlemanly conduct during the voyage.[1]

Return to England

Captain Anderson then returned to England where he married Harriet Allen/Blackett in January 1826.

Phoenix 1826

He returned to Australia as Master of the Phoenix convict transport which arrived on Christmas Day in 1826.

Land Grant

Alexander Anderson J. Bettington George Blaxland Charles Cameron Peter Cunningham Cyrus Doyle John Hoskins John McGarvie William Ogilvie William Ogilvie Thomas Arndell James Arndell James Robertson Early Hunter Valley Settler Map 6
One thousand acres were promised to Alexander Anderson by Governor Sir Thomas Brisbane on 19th February 1825. Alexander Anderson named his grant Allandale. Note: This is a different location to the village/ town of Allandale near Cessnock.

The grant was situated between the Village Reserve and Captain John Pike's estate Pickering (see map above)


Alexander Anderson settled at Allandale with his wife Harriet and children - .

Alexander John Blackett Anderson 1826 - 1864
William James Anderson 1828 - 1915
Augustus Frederick Anderson 1830 -
Thomas Haldane Anderson 1831 -
Harriet Elizabeth Anderson 1833 - 1913
Ellen Noble Anderson 1836 -
Catherine Sophia Anderson 1841 - 1907


Harriet died at Allandale in 1841. Alexander died in 1882.

Notes and Links

1). Arrival of the Grenada in Madras in October 1823. Oriental Magazine.


[1] Sydney Gazette 27 January 1827