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Convict Ship Surgeons - L

 

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B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W

 

  

 *Date of Seniority Royal Navy  

 

 

LANCASTER, John James R.N.,*2 April 1834

 

John James Lancaster was born at Plymouth c 1804. He was the son of Lieutenant Robert Daniell Lancaster. Click on the text below to read the biography of Robert Lancaster in the Naval Biographical Dictionary:

 

John James Lancaster was employed as acting surgeon superintendent on the convict ship Lord William Bentinck in 1831. He kept a medical journal from 21st March 1831 and 12 May 1831.

He was on the Navy List of 1834 of Officers serving abroad. He was employed as Hospital Mate at Jamaica commencing 18 February 1833.

 

In December 1833 he was employed as assistant-surgeon on the Despatch when that ship captured the vessel Rosa which was sailing under a Spanish flag on a voyage from Africa to Santiago with slaves.

In 1841 he was appointed to the vessel Daphne as Surgeon.

He was employed as Surgeon Superintendent on the convict ship Navarino to Van Diemen's Land in 1842. He kept a Medical Journal from 16 August 1842 to 30 January 1843.

The Morning Post reported on 29 June 1844 that the Lord Auckland, John J. Lancaster, Surgeon Superintendent, was lying off the Dockyard, Woolwich with detachments of the 58th Regiment on board and was expected to receive from two hundred and forty to two hundred and fifty convicts from the Millbank Penitentiary to convey them to the penal settlement in Van Diemen's Land. John Lancaster kept a Medical Journal from from 21 June to 21 November 1844 on this voyage.

John James Lancaster can be found in the 1851 Census residing at 13 Sugnall Street, Liverpool with his wife Mary Ann and their two daughters Mary age 11 and Elizabeth H age 8 and sons Robert age 4 and John age 1. John James is 47 years of age and Mary Ann 35. Of their children Mary and Elizabeth were born at Jersey, Robert at Edinburgh and John in Liverpool. The family employed two servants, Sidney Williams worked as a nursery maid and Jane Stephenson as a housemaid. Sugnall Street seems to have been a middle class area. Next door to the Lancaster family was a boarding house and three doors down a shipwright and family and then a curate and his wife resided.

John James Lancaster died between September 1857 and January 1858

 

 

 

LANG, Archibald *22 October 1804

 

.....The Medical and Physical Journal 1816

 

Archibald Lang was employed as Surgeon Superintendent on the Lord Sidmouth in 1819. The Lord Sidmouth departed England on 27 September 1818 and arrived in Port Jackson 11 March 1819

  Monthly Magazine 1826

 

Impressions and experiences of the West Indies and North America ..., Volume 1 By Robert Bair...........

 

   

 

 

 

LARDNER, Jason R.N. * 15 March 1838

 

Jason Lardner was born at Witney Coggs, Oxfordshire c. 1806.

He was employed as assistant surgeon on the Spartiate in 1832 (Nautical Magazine)

In 1841 he was employed on H.M.S. Jaseur at Gibralter. On July 8th 1841 at Gibraltar, his wife gave birth to their son Frederick. (United Service Magazine)

Jason Lardner was employed as Surgeon Superintendent on the convict ships Woodbridge in 1843 (VDL) ; the Tasmania in 1845 and the Asia in 1847. The Woodbridge departed England on 3 September 1843 and arrived in Van Diemen's Land on Christmas Day 1843; The Tasmania departed Dublin 2 September 1845 and arrived in Van Diemen's Land 4th December 1845; the Asia departed Woolwich on 23 March 1847 and arrived in Van Diemen's Land on 21 July 1847. He kept a Medical Journal for each of these voyages.

He was appointed surgeon to the Guard ship Monarch stationed at Sheerness on 3rd December 1850

In the 1851 Census Jason Lardner age 45, Surgeon of the Royal Navy on Full Pay M.R.C.S. and Joseph B. Sheppard, Surgeon M.R.C.S  both resided at the house of their uncle Joseph Francis a retired Yeoman in Bridge Street, Witney, Oxfordshire.

He is on the List of Surgeons of the Royal Navy in 1852

Jason Shepperd Lardner M.R.C.S.E. and L.S.A (1827), of Gillingham Kent, is listed in the Medical Directory of 1853. He was stationed on the Royal Navy Guard Ship at Sheerness at this time.

The Marriage of his daughter Jane to Spencer Dawes took place at Gillingham Kent on 25 October 1860

In the 1861 Census Jason is residing with his wife Sarah at Christmas Street, Gillingham, Kent. Their son Frederick a medical student age 19 resides with them. Their daughter Julia Anne was aged 8 and a sister in law, Jane Rowland lived with them and was employed as a governess.

Jason Lardner is on the List of Deputy Inspectors General of Hospitals and Fleets, Retired (23 January 1863)

He is listed in the Medical Register 1865 - Residence Gillingham, Kent. Qualifications Mem Royal College Surgeons Eng 1827. Lic Soc. Apoth. London 1827.

In the 1871 Census Jason and Sarah still reside at Christmas Street, Gillingham. Jason gives his occupation as retired Deputy Medical Inspector. Their son Frederick age 29 resides with them. He gives his qualifications as M.R.C.S. & L.S.A. Their daughter Julia Ann, age 19 and grandson William S. Dawes age 9 also reside with them in Christmas Street. They have one servant.

 

 

 

 

LAWRENCE, James R.N., *28 August 1822

 

James Lawrence was appointed to the vessel Beaver in 1822 (94)

He was employed as Surgeon Superintendent on the convict ship Ann & Amelia in 1825. The Ann & Amelia departed Cork on 8 September 1824 and arrived in Port Jackson on 2 January 1825. 

In 1832 he was employed as Surgeon Superintendent on the convict ship John.   The John departed the Downs 7th February 1832 and arrived in Port Jackson on 8th June 1832.

In 1834 he was appointed surgeon to H.M.S Pique. The Ipswich Journal reported that this splendid ship, said to be the most beautiful frigate in the British navy, was built by the Surveyor of the Navy Captain Symonds at Plymouth Dock Yard. 190 tons of water could be stored in the iron tanks and six months provison under her hatches. The length of the upper deck  was 171 feet, the main deck 164 feet 6 inches and the lower deck 160 feet. (95)

In February 1836 he was one of the Medical Witnesses at a controversial inquest into the death of a sailor who had been flogged at Woolwich. The Medical Witnesses were ridiculed in an article in the Lancet for their finding of Death by Visitation of God.

In 1836 he was appointed to the convict ship Lord Lyndoch which departed London 24 April 1836 and arrived in Van Diemen's Land on 20 August 1836.

His next appointment was to the emigrant ship Westminster. His Medical journal for this voyage was kept between 28th March 1838 and 30th June 1838. He was on the List of Surgeons remunerated for services as Surgeon Superintendents. He was paid 236/18/11d for his services on the Westminster

He was appointed surgeon on the Poictiers in 1842 (Edinburgh Magazine)

His final appointment as surgeon superintendent on a convict ship was to the Cressy which departed Plymouth 30 April 1843 and arrived in Van Diemen's Land 20th August 1843.

 

 

 

 

LAWRENCE, Walter R.N., *1841

 

In 1844 Walter Lawrence was appointed Assistant-Surgeon to the vessel Amazon (The Standard 23 November 1844)

After the death of the surgeon of the Randolph (Harry Goldney) in 1849, Walter Lawrence was appointed acting surgeon on the Randolph to take Goldney's place.   He joined the vessel in that capacity at Simon's Bay.

 

 

 

LAZZARETTO, Emanuel *26 September 1808

 

Emanuel Lazzaretto was entered in the Navy List of Medical Officers in 1814

A case of tetanus - by Emanuel Lazaretto, Member of the Royal College of Surgeons 1817.

We understand that two men belonging to his Majesty's ship Queen Charlotte have lately been cured of confirmed phthisis, or consumption, by means of the perfume of pitch, under the immediate care of the medical officer of that ship, Dr. Lazzaretto, who, from finding the disorder increase, and the medicine to have no effect, obtained leave for them to be taken on shore to the pitch house, in the dock yard, which was repeated several times since, from which they have recovered their appetites, lost their coughs and are fast gaining strength. ..Caledonia Mercury 1 September 1817.

Emanuel Lazzaretto married Anne Lowe on 11 July 1818 at Warblington, Hampshire, England. In 1819, he was appointed surgeon superintendent on the Convict ship Grenada which departed England on 9th May 1819 and arrived in Port Jackson 21st October 1819. On 12 November 1819 he was appointed to be Acting Colonial Assistant Surgeon at Liverpool until further orders, with a salary of five shillings per diem. He was to commence duties on Monday 15th November on which day he was to proceed to and take charge of the Hospital and Medical Department at that station (50). He was to be granted land under the entitlements of settler, however in January 1820 he resigned from the position at Liverpool and the promise of a land grant was withdrawn. (50)

He was next employed as surgeon superintendent on the Lord Wellington which was bound for Madras with troops, having offloaded female prisoners in New South Wales. He departed Port Jackson for Madras on 15 April 1820.

In the Hampshire Telegraph on 6th May 1826 it was reported that Dr. Lazzaretto (formerly Surgeon of the flag ship at Portsmouth) was appointed Surgeon to the ships in ordinary at that port.(48)

He was employed as Superintendent at Bermuda, and died there in 1830 (49)

Emanuel Lazzaretto's widow Ann can be found at Prince George Street, Portsea in the 1861 Census. She has a servant and nearby lives a Professor of music, a government clerk and, a civil engineer. Anne died on 11th March 1863 at Portsea age 75. (47) She died fairly well off, her effects were valued as under 3000.

 

 

 

 

LEAH, Edward R.N *27 August 1828

 

Edward Leah was employed as assistant surgeon on H.M.S. Albion at the battle of Navarino which was fought on the 20th October 1827......

 

Edward Leah was appointed Surgeon on the Talbot in South America in 1834

He was on the List of Surgeons remunerated for services as Surgeon Superintendents. He was paid 100 for his services on the immigrant vessel Mandarin. The Mandarin arrived on 18th October 1838.

He was employed as Surgeon Superintendent on the female convict ship Surry in 1840 and was on the List of Surgeons of the Royal Navy who were fit for service in 1841.

He is listed in the 1853 Medical Directory - Penzance - M.R.C.S.E and L.S.A. 1825; Surgeon R.N.

He had died by the time his daughter Ellen married William James in 1880

LE GRAND, Frederick William

 

Frederick Le Grand was appointed to the vessel Volage in 1834.....

 

From the Medical Times & Gazette - College of Surgeons - The following gentlemen having undergone the necessary Examination for the Diploma, were admitted Members of the College, at meetings of the Court of Examiners on 31st July and 1st and 2nd August., -.....Frederick William Le Grand, Staff-Surgeon, R.N.,

Frederick Le Grand was employed as Surgeon Superintendent on the convict ship Adelaide in 1849. He kept a Medical Journal from 18 July 1849 to 10 January 1850

He was employed as Surgeon Superintendent on the convict ship Rodney  to Van Diemen's Land in 1850 and kept a Medical Journal from 18 July 1850 to 10th December 1850......

 

Rev. J.K. Walpole, Chaplain and Religious Instructor of the Rodney remarked later that the prisoners as a body, were tractable and respectful, although there were individual exceptions; but the surgeon, by his vigilance and excellent and kind discipline, maintained things in a most comfortable condition. A convict from Portland kept all the school records and superintended the men's school; he gave entire satisfaction, as did also the teachers, especially four men from Portland; the convicts were orderly and industrious in school. There were two brothers especially who conducted themselves in an exemplary manner.

Frederick Le Grand was employed as Surgeon Superintendent on the Marion to Fremantle in 1852 (96)

He was appointed Staff Surgeon at the Deptford Dockyard on 14 November 1857 (97)

He was on the Navy List of 1864 of retired Deputy Inspectors General of Hospitals and Fleets. (1 November 1864)

Frederick Le Grand was on the Medical Register List 1865 - Residence H.M. Dockyard, Deptford, Kent. Qualifications Mem 1827 Fellow 1844, Royal College Surgeons Engl. M.D. University K. College Aberdeen 1860

From the National Probate Calendar (Index of Wills and Administrations) available at Ancestry - The Will of Frederick William Le Grand formerly of H.M. Dockyard Deptford at Kent, but lately of 22 Manor road New Cross Deptford, retired Deputy Inspector-General of Hospitals and Fleets of Her Majesty's Navy who died 4 November 1874 at 22 Manor road was proved at the Principal Registry by Sarah Le Grand of 22 Manor road, widow. Effects valued under 1500. (87)

 

 

 

LEIGHTON, Thomas

 

Thomas Leighton was employed as surgeon on the convict ship Marquis of Wellington in 1815

 
LEONARD, Peter R.N., *23 June 1829

 

Peter Leonard was employed as Surgeon Superintendent on the convict ship Royal Sovereign in 1834. He kept a Medical Journal from 16 July 1843 to 4 February 1834.

He was also employed as Surgeon Superintendent on the convict ships Asia to Van Diemen's Land in 1836; and the Candahar also to Van Diemen's Land in 1842. He kept a Medical Journal on the voyage of the Candahar from 26 February to 2 August 1842.

He is listed in the British Medical Directory for 1853 - Peter Leonard, Melville Royal Naval Hospital Chatham - M.D. St. Andrew's 1851; M.R.C.S. Edinburgh 1822; Surgeon R.N; Surgeon Melville Royal Naval Hospital, Chatham; received the 'Blane' Gold medal for the most approved Medical Report whilst serving in H.M.S. 'Eagle' on the south east coast of South America 1845-46-47. Author of Records of a Voyage to the Western Coast of Africa in H.M.S. Dryad, and of the Service on that Station for the suppression of the Slave Trade, in the years 1830-31-32.

He is listed in the Medical Register 1865 - Deputy Inspector General R.N. Hospital, Haslar, Gosport, Hants. Qualifications - Lic Royal College Surgeons, Edinburgh 1822. M.D. University St. And 1851. Member Royal College Physicians London 1850.

Peter Leonard, R.N., can be found in the 1871 Census residing in 'Plaisance', Croydon, Surrey. He is age 68 and gives his birthplace as Scotland and occupation as Medical Inspector of the General Hospital. His wife Ann age 65, also born in Scotland resides with him. Their 7 years old grandson Frederick Duke lives with them. The family employs a cook and a housemaid.

 

 

 

LEWIS, Richard R.N. *29 December 1807

 

Richard Lewis was appointed naval surgeon on 29th December 1807

 

Richard Lewis was entered in the Navy List of Medical Officers in 1814

Richard Lewis was employed as Surgeon Superintendent on the emigrant ship Sir Joseph Banks to Australian in 1828. He kept a Journal from 10th May until 30th October 1828. He returned to England on the Ellen with Dr. Rankin in January 1829

Richard Lewis was employed as Surgeon Superintendent on the convict ship Morley  in 1829

The America to Van Diemen's Land in 1831, the Persian in 1837 and the William Jardine in 1838

In 1842 he was on the Hope from Ireland to Van Diemen's Land.

He was on the list of surgeons unfit for service at sea in 1844 and died in 1854

 

 

 

LEYSON, William R.N.

 

William Leyson was appointed to the position of Assistant Surgeon on 4 August 1810

He was included on a list of Certified Apothecaries in 1816

In 1824, still an assistant-surgeon, he joined the expedition of Captain George Francis Lyon on the Griper to the Artic. The expedition was a failure....click on the text below to find out more about the expedition and Captain Lyon.

 

William Leyson was appointed to the position of Surgeon on 21 February 1825

He was employed as Surgeon on the Impregnable in 1842 (Navy List)

He was employed as Surgeon Superintendent on the convict ship Henry Wellesley in 1837. He kept a Medical Journal from 2 June 1837 to 3rd January 1838.

He is entered in the British Medical Directory of 1853 - Leyson, Wm. Neath, Glamorganshire - F.R.C.S. (Nom) 1844; M.R.C.S.E. and L.S.A. 1816.

He was on the list of surgeons unfit for service in 1854.

William Leyson died on 3rd November 1854 at Neath in his 64th year.

 

 

 

LINTON, Charles R.N., *25 December 1807

 

Charles Linton was entered in the Navy List of Medical Officers in 1814

Charles Linton was employed as Surgeon Superintendent on the convict ship Surry in 1823  and the Guildford in 1827 and on the immigrant ship Thames which arrived in New South Wales in 1826.

He was on the 1834 Navy List of Officers appointed to Medical Establishments abroad and was employed as surgeon at Jamaica on 25 February 1829

 

He is included in the Medical Directory of 1853 - (Charles Linton, Oundle, Northamptonshire - M.R.C.S.E. and L.S.A. 1832)

Charles Linton died on 3 September 1853.....

 

 

 

 

LOGAN, Francis R.N. *31 May 1811
 

Francis Logan was entered in the Navy List of Medical Officers in 1814

Francis Logan was appointed Surgeon to the Menai in October 1824 (Caledonia Mercury 14 October 1824)

He was employed as Surgeon Superintendent on the convict ships Champion in 1827  Fanny in 1833  Royal Sovereign in 1835  and Mangles in 1837

He was on the List of Surgeons of the Royal Navy who were unfit for service in 1841

Find out more about Francis Logan here 

 

 

 

 

LOGAN, Thomas R.N., *27 February 1810

 

Thomas Logan was entered in the Navy List of Medical Officers in 1814

He was employed as Surgeon Superintendent on the convict ship Albion in 1828. The Albion departed 1 June 1828 and arrived in Port Jackson on 3 November 1828; and the Proteus which departed from Portsmouth 14 April 1831 and arrived in Van Diemen's Land 3 August 1831

 

 

 

 
LONGSTAFF, George

 

George Longstaff was employed as surgeon on the convict ship Minorca which arrived in New South Wales in December 1801. (Charles Bateson, The Convict Ships)

 

 

 

 
LOVE, John R.N., *11 September 1823

 

John Love was promoted to the position of Assistant Surgeon on 18 October 1813 and employed on the vessel Orontes.

He was appointed Assistant-Surgeon on the Heron in 1819

In December 1822 he was transferred from the Queen Charlotte to the Gloucester as Assistant-Surgeon (98)

In 1829 he was appointed Surgeon Superintendent on the convict ship John which arrived in Port Jackson in 1829. He kept a Medical Journal on this voyage from 24 April to 24 September 1829. There were no deaths on the voyage.

In June 1830 the Morning Chronicle noted his appointment to the Mellish convict ship. The Mellish was engaged to take 132 female prisoners and 61 children to Van Diemen's Land. The Mellish departed Portsmouth on the evening of the 5th June 1830 and arrived in Van Diemen's Land on 22 September 1830. Three women died on the voyage out.

His next appointment to a convict ship was to the Atlas to Van Diemen's Land in 1833. He kept a Medical Journal from 29th March 1833 to 28th August 1833. Two hundred male prisoners arrived under his superintendence. There were no deaths of convicts on this voyage.

His last appointment as Surgeon-Superintendent of a convict ship was to the Backwell to Port Jackson in 1835. Two prisoners died on this voyage. The Surgeon's Journal does not seem to have survived for this voyage.

He is listed in the Medical Register 1865 - Residence 12 Lower Brook St. London. Qualifications Lic. Soc. Apothecary, London 1821 Mem Royal Coll. Surgeon Eng. 1832.

 

 

 

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